World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Blaise de Lasseran-Massencôme, seigneur de Montluc

Article Id: WHEBN0000308044
Reproduction Date:

Title: Blaise de Lasseran-Massencôme, seigneur de Montluc  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Italian Wars/Selected quote, People by year/Reports/No other categories/2, Italian Wars/Selected quote/1, Italian Wars/Selected quote/2, Henri de Talleyrand-Périgord, comte de Chalais
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Blaise de Lasseran-Massencôme, seigneur de Montluc

Blaise de Montluc

Blaise de Montesquiou de Lasseran-Massencôme, seigneur de Montluc (or Blaise de Montluc) (c. 1502 – 26 July 1577) was a marshal of France.

Life

He was born at the family seat near Condom in the modern département of Gers. Despite being the eldest son of a good family, he had, like most gentlemen of Gascony, to rely on his sword. He father belonged to a junior branch of the House of Montesquiou, the oldest and most powerful aristocratic family of Gascony. He was the elder brother of Jean de Montluc. He served first as a private archer and man-at-arms in Italy, with Bayard for his captain, fought all through the wars of King Francis I of France, and was knighted at the battle of Ceresole (1544), to which victory he had brilliantly contributed as adviser to the young Duke of Enghien.

Having apparently enjoyed no patronage, he was already middle-aged. From then on, however, his merits were recognized. His chief feat was the famous defence of Siena (1555) which he related himself. When the religious wars broke out in France, Montluc, a staunch royalist, held Guyenne for the king. Henry III made him in 1574 marshal of France, an honour which he had earned by nearly half a century of service and by numerous wounds. He died at Estillac near Agen.

Works

Montluc's reputation was made by his Commentaires de Messire Blaise de Montluc (Bordeaux, 1592), in which he described his fifty years of service (1521–1574). This book, the "soldier's Bible" (or "breviary," according to others), as Henry IV called it, is one of many books of memoirs produced by the gentry of France at that time. It is said to have been dictated, which may account for the style.

The Commentaires are in the collection of Michaud and Poujoulat, with a standard edition in the Société de l'histoire de France, ed. by M. de Ruble (5 vols, 1865–1872). See Rüstow, Militarische Biographien, v. i. (Zürich, 1858).

Blaise de Montluc condemned the development of the infantry firearm saying:

"Would to heaven that this accursed engine [the arquebus] had never been invented, I had not then received those wounds which I now languish under, neither had so many valiant men been slain for the most part by the most pitiful fellows and the greatest cowards..."[1]

References

  1. ^ Richard Holmes, "Villanious Saltpetre" in Richard Holmes, (ed.) The World Atlas of Warfare, Viking Press, 1988. p.73
Attribution

 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.