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Blue Mosque, Tabriz

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Title: Blue Mosque, Tabriz  
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Blue Mosque, Tabriz

The Blue Mosque of Tabrīz
مسجد کبود
Basic information
Location Tabrīz, Iran
Geographic coordinates
Affiliation Shia Islam
Province East Azerbaijan Province
Municipality Tabrīz County
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Completed 1465

The Blue Mosque (Azerbaijani: Göy məscid; Persian: مسجد کبود‎‎ - Masjed-e Kabūd) is a famous historic mosque in Tabrīz, Iran. The mosque and some other public buildings were constructed in 1465 upon the order of Jahan Shah, the ruler of Kara Koyunlu.

The mosque was severely damaged in an earthquake in 1779, leaving only the entrance iwan. Reconstruction began in 1973 by the late Reza Memaran Benam under the supervision of Iranian Ministry of Culture. However, the tiling is still incomplete.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Calligraphy 2
  • Photo gallery 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Plan of the Blue Mosque reconstruction.

The Blue mosque of Tabriz was built upon the order of Jahan Shah the ruler of Kara Koyunlu dynasty which made Tabriz the capital of his Kingdom. His Kingdom covered major parts of modern Iran, Azerbaijan, and Turkey. He was killed by Uzun Hassan (the ruler of Ak Koyunlu) and buried on the only parts of the mosque that survived.

The mausoleum was built in the southern section of the mosque and is entirely covered with high marble slabs on which verses from Quran are engraved in Thuluth script on a background of fine arabesques. The roof of the mausoleum and the main dome chamber of the mosque collapsed during an earthquake in 1779 A.D. and was rebuilt in 1973 thanks to the efforts of Mohammad Reza Memaran Benam(محمدرضا معماران بنام) (a famous architect from Tabriz) under the supervision of the national organization for preservation of ancient monuments.

Calligraphy

The diverse Kufic, and Thuluth scripts, the arabesque patterns, and the choramatic compositions of these facades, were created by Nematollah-ben-Mohammad-ol-Bavab, the famous calligrapher. The walls inside and outside had been covered with mosaic tiles.

Photo gallery

See also

References

  • Persian Bulletin of Blue Mosque, Iranian Cultural Heritages Organization.
  • http://www.eachto.ir

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Blue Mosque (Kaboud Mosque) introduction in UNESCO web site
  • Tishineh
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