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Bob Gibson

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Subject: Major League Baseball on ABC, St. Louis Cardinals, Fernando Valenzuela, 1967 World Series, Joaquín Andújar
Collection: 1935 Births, African-American Baseball Players, Atlanta Braves Coaches, Baseball Players from Nebraska, Columbus Foxes Players, Creighton Bluejays Baseball Players, Creighton Bluejays Men's Basketball Players, Cy Young Award Winners, Gold Glove Award Winners, Harlem Globetrotters Players, Indios De Oriente Players, Living People, Major League Baseball Announcers, Major League Baseball Pitchers, Major League Baseball Pitching Coaches, Major League Baseball Players with Retired Numbers, Major League Baseball World Series Most Valuable Player Award Winners, National Baseball Hall of Fame Inductees, National League All-Stars, National League Era Champions, National League Most Valuable Player Award Winners, National League Strikeout Champions, National League Wins Champions, New York Mets Coaches, Omaha Cardinals Players, People from Sarpy County, Nebraska, Rochester Red Wings Players, Sportspeople from Omaha, Nebraska, St. Louis Cardinals Players
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Bob Gibson

Bob Gibson
Gibson on the field with the Cardinals
Born: (1935-11-09) November 9, 1935
Omaha, Nebraska
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 15, 1959, for the St. Louis Cardinals
Last MLB appearance
September 3, 1975, for the St. Louis Cardinals
MLB statistics
Win–loss record 251–174
Earned run average 2.91
Strikeouts 3,117
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Baseball Hall of Fame
Inducted 1981
Vote 84.0% (first ballot)

Robert "Bob" Gibson (born November 9, 1935) is a retired American baseball pitcher who played 17 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the St. Louis Cardinals (1959–75). Nicknamed "Gibby" and "Hoot", Gibson tallied 251 wins, 3,117 strikeouts, and a 2.91 earned run average (ERA) during his career. A nine-time All-Star and two-time World Series champion, he won two Cy Young Awards and the 1968 National League (NL) Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award. In 1981, he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. The Cardinals retired his uniform number 45 in September 1975 and inducted him into the team Hall of Fame in 2014.

Born in starting pitcher in July 1961, Gibson began experiencing an increasing level of success, earning his first All-Star appearance in 1962. Gibson won two of three games he pitched in the 1964 World Series, then won 20 games in a season for the first time in 1965. Gibson also pitched three complete game victories in the 1967 World Series.

The pinnacle of Gibson's career was 1968, when he posted a 1.12 ERA for the season and then followed that by recording 17 strikeouts during Game 1 of the 1968 World Series. Over the course of his career, Gibson became known for his fierce competitive nature and the intimidation factor he used against opposing batters. Gibson threw a no-hitter during the 1971 season, but began experiencing swelling in his knee in subsequent seasons. After retiring as a player in 1975, Gibson later served as pitching coach for his former teammate Joe Torre. At one time a special instructor coach for the St. Louis Cardinals, Gibson was later selected for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team in 1999. Gibson is the author of the memoir Pitch by Pitch, with Lonnie Wheeler (Flatiron Books, 2015).


  • Early life 1
  • Baseball career 2
    • 1962–67 2.1
    • 1968 – Year of the Pitcher 2.2
    • 1969–75 2.3
    • Don't mess with "Hoot" 2.4
  • Post-playing career 3
    • Honors 3.1
  • Career MLB statistics 4
    • Pitching 4.1
    • Records held 4.2
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

Early life

Gibson was born in YMCA.[7]

Gibson attended Omaha Technical High School, where during his tenure he participated on the track, basketball, and baseball teams.[8] Health issues resurfaced for Gibson though, and he needed a doctor's permission to compete in high school sports because of a heart murmur that occurred in tandem with a rapid growth spurt.[9] Gibson was named to the All-State basketball team during his senior year of high school by a newspaper in Lincoln, Nebraska, and soon after won a full athletic scholarship for basketball to Creighton University.[10]

While at Creighton, Gibson majored in sociology, and continued to experience success playing basketball. At the end of Gibson's junior basketball season he averaged 22 points per game, and made third team Jesuit All-American.[11] As his graduation from Creighton approached, the spring of 1957 proved to be a busy time for Gibson. Aside from getting married, Gibson had garnered the interest of

Preceded by
Frank Robinson
Don Drysdale
Bill Singer
NL Player of the Month
September 1964
June & July 1968
August 1970
Succeeded by
Joe Torre
Pete Rose
Willie Stargell
Preceded by
Rick Wise
No-hitter pitcher
August 14, 1971
Succeeded by
Burt Hooton
Preceded by
Joe Coleman
St. Louis Cardinals pitching coach
Succeeded by
Dave Duncan
  • Bob Gibson at the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
  • Bob Gibson Photographs collections at the University of Missouri–St. Louis
  • , Baseball Digest, November 1987Hall Of Famer Defends Inside Pitches To Batter
  • Retrosheet
  • SABR BioProject
  • Venezuelan Professional Baseball League statistics

External links

  • Banks, Kerry (2010). Baseball's Top 100: The Game's Greatest Records. Vancouver: Greystone Books.  
  • Feldmann, Doug (2011). Gibson's Last Stand: The Rise, Fall, and Near Misses of the St. Louis Cardinals, 1969–1975. Columbia: University of Missouri Press.  
  • Gibson, Bob; Lonnie Wheeler (1994). Stranger To The Game. New York: Viking.  
  • Halberstam, David (1994). October 1964. New York: Villard.  
  • O'Neill, Dan; Joe Buck; Robert W. Duffy; Bernie Miklasz (2005). Mike Smith, ed. Busch Stadium Moments. St. Louis Post-Dispatch.  
  • Rains, Rob (2003). Cardinal Nation (2nd ed.). St. Louis: The Sporting News.  
  • Reidenbaugh, Lowell (1993). Hoppel, Joe, ed. Baseball's Hall of Fame:Cooperstown, where the legends live forever (3 ed.). New York: Crescent Books.  
  • Schoor, Gene (1990). The History of the World Series. New York: William Morrow and Company.  
  • Smith, Ron (1998). The Sporting News Selects Baseball's 100 Greatest Players. St. Louis: The Sporting News.  

Further reading

  1. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 11, 14
  2. ^ a b Halberstam 1994: 98
  3. ^ a b Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 11
  4. ^ a b c d e "Bob Gibson". Retrosheet. Retrieved August 22, 2010. 
  5. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 12
  6. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 12–15
  7. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 15–19
  8. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 20–23
  9. ^ Reidenbaugh 1993: 106
  10. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 23, 32
  11. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 36–37
  12. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 40–43
  13. ^ a b c Bob Gibson at the Baseball Page
  14. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 54–55
  15. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 62
  16. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 63
  17. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 64–65
  18. ^ "HBO: The Curious Case of Curt Flood". Home Box Office, Inc. Retrieved October 1, 2011. 
  19. ^ a b Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 65
  20. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 43–44, 65–66
  21. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 76
  22. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 70–72
  23. ^ a b Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 72–73
  24. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 74
  25. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 75
  26. ^ Halberstam 1994: 119
  27. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 78
  28. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 79–80
  29. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 82–83
  30. ^ Halberstam 1994: 113–115
  31. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 58–59
  32. ^ a b c Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 89
  33. ^ Halberstam 1994: 322–347
  34. ^ a b Halberstam 1994: 349–350
  35. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 102
  36. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 115–116
  37. ^ a b Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 116
  38. ^ O'Neill 2005: 32
  39. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 135
  40. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 136
  41. ^ 1967 National League Team Statistics and Standings at Baseball Reference
  42. ^ 1967 St. Louis Cardinals statistics at Baseball Reference
  43. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 139
  44. ^ Schoor 1990: 298–299
  45. ^ 1967 World Series Game 7 box score at Baseball Reference
  46. ^ a b Bob Gibson at the Major League Baseball Hall of Fame
  47. ^ 1968 National League Pitching Leaders at Baseball Reference
  48. ^ Major League Baseball Players of the Month
  49. ^ Bob Gibson 1968 Pitching Gamelogs -
  50. ^ 1968 National League Most Valuable Player Award voting results at Baseball Reference
  51. ^ September 17, 1968 Cardinals-Giants box score at Baseball Reference
  52. ^ All-time and Single-Season World Series Pitching Leaders at Baseball Reference
  53. ^ 1968 World Series Game 1 box score at Baseball Reference
  54. ^ Sargent, Jim. "The Baseball Biography Project: Jim Northrup". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved May 3, 2010. 
  55. ^ a b Feldmann 2011: 2
  56. ^ Feldmann 2011: 1
  57. ^ a b Schoor 1990: 303
  58. ^ Feldmann 2011: 1–3
  59. ^ Rains 2003: 55
  60. ^ Feldmann 2011: 11
  61. ^ Feldmann 2011: 10
  62. ^ Feldmann 2011: 12,14
  63. ^ a b c d e f "Bob Gibson Statistics and History". Sports Reference, LLC. Retrieved August 15, 2010. 
  64. ^ May 12, 1969 Dodgers-Cardinals box score at Baseball Reference
  65. ^ a b Feldmann 2011: 31
  66. ^ "National League 9, American League 3". Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  67. ^ Feldmann 2011: 80
  68. ^ Feldmann 2011: 81
  69. ^ a b c "Bob Gibson". Retrieved March 21, 2012. 
  70. ^ August 14, 1971 Cardinals-Pirates box score at Baseball Reference
  71. ^ August 14, 1971 Cardinals-Pirates box score at Baseball Almanac
  72. ^
  73. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 235–237
  74. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 244
  75. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 245
  76. ^ Bob Gibson at Baseball Almanac
  77. ^ Rains 2003: 119
  78. ^ World Series Most Valuable Player Awards at Baseball Reference
  79. ^ National League Cy Young Award winners at Baseball Reference
  80. ^
  81. ^ , by Art Spander, Baseball Digest, November 1987, Vol. 46, No. 11, ISSN 0005-609XHall Of Famer Defends Inside Pitches To Batter
  82. ^ Tim McCarver's Baseball for Brain Surgeons and Other Fans: Understanding and Interpreting the Game So You Can Watch It Like a Pro (Google eBook), by Tim McCarver and Danny Peary, Random House Publishing Group, May 22, 2013
  83. ^
  84. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 249–250
  85. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 257–259
  86. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 257
  87. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 262
  88. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 263–264
  89. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 264–267
  90. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 268–269
  91. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 271–272
  92. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 272
  93. ^ Gibson and Wheeler 1994: 258
  94. ^ Cardinals Retired Numbers at
  95. ^ Smith 1998: 72
  96. ^ Major League Baseball All-Century Team at
  97. ^ St. Louis Walk of Fame. "St. Louis Walk of Fame Inductees". Retrieved April 25, 2013. 
  98. ^
  99. ^
  100. ^ Cardinals Press Release (January 18, 2014). "Cardinals establish Hall of Fame & detail induction process". www.stlouis.cardinals. 
  101. ^
  102. ^
  103. ^
  104. ^
  105. ^ a b


See also

  • most consecutive quality starts (six or more innings and three or fewer earned runs) (since 1920): 26 starts; September 12, 1967 - July 30, 1968 [101]
  • Most consecutive Starts with 6-Plus Innings Pitched: 78 starts; Sept. 12, 1967 - May 2, 1970 [102]
  • National League Shutout Championships in Live Ball Era: Led or tied four times in 1962(5), 1966 (5), 1968 (13), and 1971 (5). Record shared with Warren Spahn. Pete Alexander was a six time shut-out champion from 1911 to 1921.[103]
  • Gold Gloves for Pitchers: Nine consecutive gold gloves(1965-1973) is third all-time among pitchers.[104]
  • Single-Season Earned Run Average: 1.12 ERA during 1968 is the lowest in live-ball era and third-best all-time.[105]
  • Most strikeouts during a World Series Game: 17 strikeouts during Game 1 of 1968 World Series.[105]

Records held

Total[63] 251 174 528 255 2.91 56 3,884.1 3,279 1,258 257 1,336 3,117 1.19 .228 .297 .325 127
1959 STL 3 5 13 2 3.33 1 75.2 77 28 4 39 48 1.533
1960 STL 3 6 27 2 5.61 0 86.2 97 54 7 48 69 1.673
1961 STL 13 12 35 10 3.24 2 211.1 186 76 13 119 166 1.443
1962 STL 15 13 32 15 2.85 5 233.2 174 74 15 95 208 1.151
1963 STL 18 9 36 14 3.39 2 254.2 224 96 19 96 204 1.257
1964 STL 19 12 40 17 3.01 2 287.1 250 96 25 86 245 1.169
1965 STL 20 12 38 20 3.07 6 299 243 102 34 103 270 1.157
1966 STL 21 12 35 20 2.44 5 280.1 210 76 20 78 225 1.027
1967 STL 13 7 24 10 2.98 2 175.1 151 58 10 40 147 1.089
1968 STL 22 9 34 28 1.12 13 304.2 198 38 11 62 268 0.853
1969 STL 20 13 35 28 2.18 4 314 251 76 12 95 269 1.102
1970 STL 23 7 34 23 3.12 3 294 262 102 13 88 274 1.19
1971 STL 16 13 31 20 3.04 5 245.2 215 83 14 76 185 1.185
1972 STL 19 11 34 23 2.46 4 278 226 76 14 88 208 1.129
1973 STL 12 10 25 13 2.77 1 195 159 60 12 57 142 1.108
1974 STL 11 13 33 9 3.83 1 240 236 102 24 104 129 1.417
1975 STL 3 10 22 1 5.04 0 109 120 61 10 62 60 1.67


Career MLB statistics

Gibson's jersey number 45 was retired by the St. Louis Cardinals on September 1, 1975, and in 1981, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall Of Fame.[94] In 1999, he ranked Number 31 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players, and was elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.[95][96] He has a star on the St. Louis Walk of Fame.[97] A bronze statue of Gibson by Harry Weber is located in front of Busch Stadium, commemorating Gibson along with other St. Louis Cardinals greats. Another statue of Gibson was unveiled outside of Werner Park in Gibson's home city, Omaha, Nebraska, in 2013.[98][99] In 2004, he was named as the most intimidating pitcher of all time from the Fox Sports Net series The Sports List. The street on the north side of Rosenblatt Stadium, former home of the College World Series in his hometown of Omaha, is named Bob Gibson Boulevard. In January, 2014, the Cardinals announced Gibson among 22 former players and personnel to be inducted into the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum for the inaugural class of 2014.[100]

Bob Gibson's number 45 was retired by the St. Louis Cardinals in 1975.


Gibson returned to baseball in 1981 after accepting a coaching job with Joe Torre, who was then manager of the New York Mets.[86] Torre termed Gibson's position "attitude coach," the first such title in Major League history.[87] After Torre and his coaching staff were let go at the end of the 1981 season, Torre moved on to manage the Atlanta Braves in 1982, where he hired Gibson as a pitching coach.[88] The Braves proceeded to challenge for the National League pennant for the first time since 1969, ultimately losing to the Cardinals in the 1982 National League Championship Series.[89] Gibson remained with Torre on the Braves' coaching staff until the end of the 1984 season.[90] Gibson then took to hosting a pre- and post-game show for Cardinals baseball games on radio station KMOX from 1985 until 1989.[91] Gibson also served as color commentator for baseball games on ESPN in 1990, but declined an option to continue the position over concerns he would have to spend too much time away from his family.[92] In 1995, Gibson again served as pitching coach on a Torre-led staff, this time returning to the Cardinals.[69] Gibson is father to three children; daughters Annette and Renee with his first wife Charline, and son Chris with his second wife Wendy.[93]

Before Gibson returned to his home in Omaha at the end of the 1975 season, Cardinals general manager Bing Devine offered him an undefined job that was contingent on approval from higher-ranking club officials.[84] Unsure of his future career path, Gibson declined, and used the motor home the Cardinals had given him as a retirement gift to travel across the western United States during the 1975 offseason. Returning to Omaha, Gibson continued to serve on the board of a local bank, was at one point the principal investor in radio station KOWH, and started "Gibson's Spirits and Sustenance" restaurant, sometimes working twelve-hour days as owner/operator.[85] He also worked as a backup color analyst for ABC's Monday Night Baseball telecasts in 1976. Gibson had a brief stint as a color commentator for the N.Y Nets of the American Basketball Association.

Post-playing career

Gibson casually disregards his reputation for intimidation, though, saying that he made no concerted effort to seem intimidating. He joked in an interview with a St. Louis public radio station that the only reason he made faces while pitching was because he needed glasses and could not see the catcher's signals.[83]

Gibson maintained this image even into retirement. In 1992, an Old-Timers' game was played at Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego as part of the All-Star Game festivities, and Reggie Jackson hit a home run off Gibson. When the Old-Timers' Day game was played in 1993, the 57-year-old Gibson threw the 47-year-old Jackson a brushback pitch. The pitch was not especially fast and did not hit Jackson, but the message was delivered and Jackson did not get a hit.

Gibson was surly and brusque even with his teammates. When his catcher Tim McCarver went to the mound for a conference, Gibson brushed him off, saying "The only thing you know about pitching is that it's hard to hit."[82]

Gibson was a fierce competitor who rarely smiled and was known to throw brushback pitches to establish dominance over the strike-zone and intimidate the batter, similar to his contemporary and fellow Hall of Famer Don Drysdale.[81] Even so, Gibson had good control and hit only 102 batters in his career (fewer than Drysdale's 154).[63]

"(Hank Aaron told me) 'Don't dig in against Bob Gibson, he'll knock you down. He'd knock down his own grandmother if she dared to challenge him. Don't stare at him, don't smile at him, don't talk to him. He doesn't like it. If you happen to hit a home run, don't run too slow, don't run too fast. If you happen to want to celebrate, get in the tunnel first. And if he hits you, don't charge the mound, because he's a Gold Glove boxer.' I'm like, 'Damn, what about my 17-game hitting streak?' That was the night it ended."

Dusty Baker[80]

Don't mess with "Hoot"

In the eight seasons from 1963 to 1970, Gibson won 156 games and lost 81, for a .658 winning percentage.[63][76] He won nine Gold Glove Awards, was awarded the World Series MVP Award in 1964 and 1967, and won Cy Young Awards in 1968 and 1970.[77][78][79]

During the summer of 1974, Gibson felt hopeful he could to put together a winning streak, but he continually encountered swelling in his knee.[74] In January 1975, Gibson announced he would retire at the end of the 1975 season, admittedly using baseball to help cope with his recent divorce from his former wife Charlene.[75] During the 1975 season, he went 3–10 with a 5.04 ERA.[63] In his final appearance, Gibson was summoned as a reliever in a 6–6 game against the Cubs and gave up the game-winner to an unheralded player, most well known for his odd name and being the son of TV personality Peter Marshall. “When I gave up a grand slam to Pete LaCock,” Bob Gibson said later, “I knew it was time to quit.” The Cardinals honored him with "Bob Gibson Day" in September 1975.

Gibson achieved two highlights in August 1971. On the 4th of the month, he defeated the Giants 7–2 at Busch Memorial Stadium for his 200th career victory.[13] Ten days later, he no-hit the Pittsburgh Pirates 11–0 at Three Rivers Stadium.[70][71] Three of his 10 strikeouts in the game were to Willie Stargell, including the game's final out. The no-hitter was the first in Pittsburgh since Nick Maddox at Exposition Park in 1907; none had been pitched in the 62-year (mid-1909 to mid-1970) history of Three Rivers Stadium's predecessor, Forbes Field. He was the second pitcher in Major League Baseball history, after Walter Johnson, to strike out over 3,000 batters, and the first to do so in the National League.[13] He accomplished this at home, at Busch Stadium on July 17, 1974; the victim was César Gerónimo of the Cincinnati Reds.[72] Gibson began the 1972 season by going 0–5, but broke Jesse Haines's club record for victories on June 21, and finished the year with 19 wins.[73]

Gibson was sometimes used by the Cardinals as a pinch-hitter, and in 1970 he hit .303 for the season in 109 at-bats, which was over 100 points higher than teammate Dal Maxvill.[69] For his career, he batted .206 (274-for-1,328) with 44 doubles, 5 triples, 24 home runs (plus two more in the World Series) and 144 RBIs, plus stealing 13 bases and walking 63 times.[63] He is one of only two pitchers since World War II with a career batting average of .200 or higher, and with at least 20 home runs and 100 RBIs (Bob Lemon, who had broken into the majors as a third baseman, is the other at .232). Gibson was above average as a baserunner and thus was occasionally used as a pinch runner, despite managers' general reluctance to risk injury to pitchers in this way.

Gibson experienced an up-and-down 1970 season, marked at the low point by a July slump where he resorted to experimenting with a knuckleball for the first time in his career.[67] Just as quickly, Gibson returned to form, starting a streak of seven wins on July 28, and pitching all 14 innings of a 5–4 win against the San Diego Padres on August 12. He would go on to win his fourth and final NL Player of the Month award for August (6-0, 2.31 ERA, 55 SO).[68] Gibson won 23 games in 1970, and was once again named the NL Cy Young award winner.[69]

Statue of Gibson outside Busch Stadium

Despite the significant rule changes, Gibson's status as one of the league's best pitchers was not immediately affected. In 1969, he went 20–13 with a 2.18 ERA, 4 shutouts and 28 complete games.[63] On May 12, 1969, Gibson struck out three batters on nine pitches in the seventh inning of a 6–2 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers.[64] Gibson became the ninth National League pitcher and the 15th pitcher in Major League history to throw an "immaculate inning". After pitching into the tenth inning of the July 4 game against the Cubs, Gibson was removed from a game without finishing an inning for the first time in more than 60 consecutive starts, a streak spanning two years.[65] After participating in the 1969 All-Star Game (his seventh selection), Gibson set another mark on August 16 when he became the third pitcher in Major League history to reach the 200-strikeout plateau in seven different seasons.[65][66]

Aside from the rule changes set to take effect in 1969, cultural and monetary influences increasingly began impacting baseball, as evidenced by nine players from the Cardinals 1968 roster who hadn't reported by the first week of spring training due to the status of their contracts.[60] On February 4, 1969, Gibson appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, and said the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA) had suggested players consider striking before the upcoming season began.[61] However, Gibson himself had no immediate contract worries, as the $125,000 salary Gibson requested for 1969 was agreed to by team owner Gussie Busch and the Cardinals, setting a new franchise record for the highest single-season salary.[62]


The overall pitching statistics in MLB's 1968 season, led by Gibson's individual record setting performance, are often cited as one of the reasons for Major League Baseball's decision to alter pitching related rules.[59] Sometimes known as the "Gibson rules," MLB lowered the pitcher's mound by five inches in 1969 from 15 inches to 10 inches, and reduced the height of the strike zone from the batter's armpits to the jersey letters.[55]

Gibson next pitched in Game 4 of the 1968 World Series, defeating the Tigers' ace pitcher Denny McLain by a 10–1 score.[55] The teams continued to battle each other, setting the stage for another winner-take-all Game 7 in St. Louis on October 10, 1968.[56] In this game Gibson was matched against Tigers pitcher Mickey Lolich, and the two proceeded to hold their opponents scoreless for the first six innings.[57] In the top of the seventh, Gibson retired the first two batters before allowing two consecutive singles.[57] Detroit batter Jim Northrup then hit a two-run triple over the head of center fielder Curt Flood, leading to Detroit's Series win.[58]

In Game 1 of the 1968 World Series, Gibson struck out 17 Detroit Tigers to set a World Series record for strikeouts in one game, which still stands today (breaking Sandy Koufax's record of 15 in Game 1 of the 1963 World Series).[46][52][53] He also joined Ed Walsh as the only pitchers to strike out at least one batter in each inning of a World Series game, Walsh having done so in Game Three of the 1906 World Series. After allowing a leadoff single to Mickey Stanley in the ninth inning, Gibson finished the game by striking out Tiger sluggers Al Kaline, Norm Cash and Willie Horton in succession. Recalling the performance, Tigers outfielder Jim Northrup remarked: "We were fastball hitters, but he blew the ball right by us. And he had a nasty slider that was jumping all over the place."[54]

Gibson won the National League MVP Award; not until Clayton Kershaw in 2014 would another National League pitcher do so.[50] With Denny McLain winning the American League's Most Valuable Player award, 1968 remains, to date, the only year both MVP Awards went to a pitcher. For the 1968 season, opposing batters only had a batting average of .184, an on-base percentage of .233, and a slugging percentage of .236. Gibson lost nine games against 22 wins, despite his record-setting low 1.12 ERA; the anemic batting throughout baseball included his own Cardinal team. The 1968 Cardinals had one .300 hitter, while the team-leading home run and RBI totals were just 16 and 79, respectively. Gibson lost five 1–0 games, one of which was to San Francisco Giants pitcher Gaylord Perry's no-hitter on September 17. The Giants' run in that game came on a first-inning home run by light-hitting Ron Hunt—the second of two he would hit the entire season, and one of only 11 that Gibson allowed in 30423 innings.[51]

The 1968 season became known as "The Year of the Pitcher", and Gibson was at the forefront of pitching dominance. His earned run average was 1.12, a live-ball era record, as well as the major league record in 300 or more innings pitched. It was the lowest major league ERA since Dutch Leonard's 0.96 mark, 54 years earlier.[46] Gibson threw 13 shutouts, three fewer than fellow Nebraskan Grover Alexander's 1916 major league record of 16.[47] He won all twelve starts in June and July, pitching a complete game every time, (eight of which were shutouts), and allowed only six earned runs in 108 innings pitched (a 0.50 ERA). Gibson pitched 47 consecutive scoreless innings during this stretch, at the time the third-longest scoreless streak in major league history. He also struck out 91 batters, and he won two-consecutive NL Player of the Month awards.[48] Gibson finished the season with 28 complete games out of 34 games started. Of the games he didn't complete, he was pinch-hit for, meaning Gibson was not removed from the mound for another pitcher for the entire season.[49]

1968 – Year of the Pitcher

In the 1967 World Series against the Boston Red Sox, Gibson allowed only three earned runs and 14 hits over three complete game victories (Games 1, 4, and 7), the latter two marks tying Christy Mathewson's 1905 World Series record. Just as he had in 1964, Gibson pitched a complete game victory in Game 7, and contributed offensively by hitting a home run that made the game 3–0.[44][45]

The Cardinals built a three and half game lead prior to the 1967 season All-Star break, and Gibson pitched the seventh and eighth innings of the 1967 All-Star game. Gibson then faced the Pittsburgh Pirates on July 15, when Roberto Clemente hit a line drive off Gibson's right leg.[39] Unaware his leg had been fractured, Gibson faced three more batters before his right fibula bone snapped above the ankle.[40] After Gibson returned on September 7, the Cardinals secured the National League pennant on September 18, 10½ games ahead of the San Francisco Giants.[41][42][43]

Gibson made the All-Star team again in 1965 season, and when the Cardinals were well out of the pennant race by August, attention turned on Gibson to see if he could win 20 games for the first time.[36] Gibson was still looking for win number 20 on the last day of the season, a game where new Cardinals manager Red Schoendienst rested many of the regular players.[37] Gibson still prevailed against the Houston Astros by a score of 5–2.[37] The 1966 season marked the opening of Busch Memorial Stadium for the Cardinals, and Gibson was selected to play in the All-Star Game in front of the hometown crowd that year as well.[38]

They next faced the New York Yankees in the 1964 World Series. Gibson was matched against Yankees starting pitcher Mel Stottlemyre for three of the Series' seven games, with Gibson losing Game 2, then winning Game 5.[33] In Game 7 Gibson pitched into the ninth inning, where he allowed home runs to Phil Linz and Clete Boyer, making the score 7–5 Cardinals.[34] With Ray Sadecki warming up in the Cardinal bullpen, Gibson retired Bobby Richardson for the final out, giving the Cardinals their first World Championship since 1946.[34] Along with his two victories, Gibson set a new World Series record by striking out 31 batters.[35]

Building off their late season pennant run in 1963, the 1964 Cardinals developed a strong camaraderie that was noted for being free of the racial tension that predominated in the United States at that time.[29][30] Part of this atmosphere stemmed from the integration of the team's spring training hotel in 1960, and Gibson and teammate Bill White worked to confront and stop use of racial slurs within the team.[31] On August 23, the Cardinals were 11 games behind the Philadelphia Phillies, and remained six and half games behind on September 21.[32] The combination of a nine-game Cardinals winning streak and a ten-game Phillies losing streak then brought the season down to the final game. The Cardinals faced the New York Mets, and Gibson entered the game as a relief pitcher in the fifth inning.[32] Aware that the Phillies were ahead of the Cincinnati Reds 4–0 at the time he entered the game, Gibson proceeded to pitch four innings of two-hit relief, while his teammates scored 11 runs of support to earn the victory.[32] The Cardinals' win and the Phillies' defeat of the Reds made the Cardinals the National League champions, and Gibson was rewarded for his fine performance down the stretch with his first of four NL Player of the Month awards (7-2 in nine games, 1.95 ERA, 65 SO).

Gibson in 1962.

In late May of the 1962 season Gibson pitched 22 23 consecutive scoreless innings on his way to being named to his first National League All-Star team.[22] Because of an additional All-Star Game played each season from 1959 to 1962, Gibson was named to the second 1962 N.L. All-Star game as well, where he pitched two innings.[23] After suffering a fractured ankle late in the season, Gibson, sometimes referred to by the nickname "Hoot" (a reference to western film star Hoot Gibson), still finished 1962 with his first 200 plus strikeout season.[4][19][23] The rehabilitation of Gibson's ankle was a slow process, and by May 19 of the 1963 season he had recorded only one win.[24] Gibson then turned to rely on his slider and two different fastball pitches to reel off six straight wins prior to late July.[25] Gibson and all other National League pitchers benefited from a rule change that expanded the strike zone above the belt buckle.[26] Adding to his pitching performances was Gibson's offensive production, with his 20 RBIs outmatching the combined RBI output of entire pitching staffs on other National League teams.[27] Even with Gibson's 18 wins and the extra motivation of teammate Stan Musial's impending retirement, the Cardinals finished six games out of first place.[28]

"Between games, Mays came over to me and said, 'Now, in the second game, you're going up against Bob Gibson.' I only half-listened to what he was saying, figuring it didn't make much difference. So I walked up to the plate the first time and started digging a little hole with my back foot...No sooner did I start digging that hole than I hear Willie screaming from the dugout: 'Noooooo!' Well, the first pitch came inside. No harm done, though. So I dug in again. The next thing I knew, there was a loud crack and my left shoulder was broken. I should have listened to Willie."

Jim Ray Hart[21]


Gibson was assigned to the Cardinals' big league roster for the start of the 1959 season, recording his Major League debut on April 15 as a relief pitcher.[4] Reassigned to the Cardinals minor league affiliate in Omaha soon after, Gibson returned to the Major Leagues on July 30 as a starting pitcher, earning his first Major League win that day.[14] Gibson's experience in 1960 was similar, pitching nine innings for the Cardinals before shuffling between the Cardinals and their Rochester affiliate until mid-June.[15] After posting a 3–6 record with a 5.61 ERA, Gibson traveled to Venezuela to participate in winter baseball at the conclusion of the 1960 season.[16] Cardinals manager Solly Hemus shuffled Gibson between the bullpen and the starting pitching rotation for the first half of the 1961 season.[17] In a 2011 documentary, Gibson indicated that Hemus's racial prejudice played a major role in his misuse of Gibson, as well as of teammate Curt Flood, both of whom were told by Hemus that they wouldn't make it as major leaguers, and should try something else.[18] Hemus was replaced as Cardinals manager in July 1961 by Johnny Keane, who had been Gibson's manager on the Omaha minor league affiliate several years prior.[19] Keane and Gibson shared a positive professional relationship, and Keane immediately moved Gibson into the starting pitching rotation full-time. Gibson proceeded to compile an 11–6 record the remainder of the year, and posted a 3.24 ERA for the full season.[4][20]

Baseball career

earning the nickname "Bullet" and becoming famous for backhanded dunks. [13]

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