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Boeing Vertol YUH-61

YUH-61
Boeing Vertol YUH-61A
Role Utility transport helicopter
Manufacturer Boeing Vertol
First flight 29 November 1974
Status Program terminated
Primary user United States Army
Number built 3

The Boeing Vertol YUH-61 (company designation Model 179), was a twin turbine-engined, medium-lift, military assault/utility helicopter. The YUH-61 was the runner-up in the United States Army Utility Tactical Transport Aircraft System (UTTAS) competition in the early 1970s to replace the Bell UH-1 Iroquois helicopter. At the end of the flyoff program, Sikorsky Aircraft was awarded a contract to develop and build its UH-60A entry.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Design 2
  • Variants 3
  • Survivors 4
  • Specifications (YUH-61A) 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

Under a contract awarded in August 1972, Boeing Vertol designed and delivered three prototypes to compete UTTAS program.[1] When Boeing Vertol failed to win the Army competition, it pinned its hope on winning civil orders and the US Navy's LAMPS III program. In the end, a variant of the Sikorsky design, the SH-60B, won the Navy contract, and the civil orders received were canceled.[1]

Three aircraft were built and a further two were cancelled and not completed. An attack helicopter design, using the YUH-61's dynamic system was proposed for the Advanced Attack Helicopter competition, but did not make the downselect that resulted in the Bell YAH-63 and Hughes YAH-64 being built. The Boeing Vertol AAH design was unique in that the crew were seated in a laterally staggered tandem configuration.[2]

Design

The YUH-61 was designed to meet the UTTAS requirements for improved reliability, survivability and lower life-cycle costs, resulting in features such as dual-engines with improved hot and high altitude performance, and a modular design (reduced maintenance footprint); run-dry gearboxes; ballistically tolerant, redundant subsystems (hydraulic, electrical and flight controls); crashworthy crew (armored) and troop seats; dual-stage oleo main landing gear; ballistically tolerant, crashworthy main structure; quieter, more robust main and tail rotor systems; and a ballistically tolerant, crashworthy fuel system.[3]

Transport aboard the C-130 limited the UTTAS cabin height and length.[4] This also resulted in the main rotor being mounted very close to the cabin roof.

While Sikorsky chose a fully articulated rotor head with elastomeric bearings, Boeing Vertol chose a rigid main rotor design, based upon technology supplied by MBB, which was partnered with Boeing Vertol at the time.[5] Boeing Vertol also selected to use a tricycle landing gear and a pusher tail rotor, as opposed to the tail wheel configuration and canted tractor tail rotor that Sikorsky chose.

Variants

  • Model 237: naval version of the YUH-61 for the USN's LAMPS II competition (ship-based multi-purpose helicopter) and lost out to Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk; no models built
  • Model 179: civilian 14–20 passenger utility helicopter later canceled; 1 model built

Survivors

Two of the three aircraft (73-21656 and 73-21658) built are preserved at the United States Army Aviation Museum in Fort Rucker, Alabama.

Specifications (YUH-61A)

Data from Modern Military Aircraft[1]

General characteristics
  • Crew: Minimum 2 pilots
  • Capacity: 14–20 passengers
  • Length: 60 ft 8.5 in (18.504 m)
  • Height: 15 ft 6 in (4.72 m)
  • Empty weight: 9,750 lb (4,423 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 17,700 lb (8,029 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × General Electric T700 turboshaft engines, 1,536 hp (1,145 kW) each
  • Main rotor diameter: 49 ft (15 m)
  • Main rotor area: 1,885 sq ft (175.1 m2)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 155 kn; 286 km/h (178 mph)

See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References

  1. ^ a b c Gunston, Bill: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the World's Modern Military Aircraft, page 205. Crescent Books, New York, NY USA, ca. 1978. ISBN 978-0-517-22477-9
  2. ^ http://www.helis.com/h/bo_aah.jpg helis.com, Retrieved: June 14, 2011.
  3. ^ Leoni 2007, pp. 42–48.
  4. ^ Leoni 2007, pp. 39, 42–43.
  5. ^ Leoni 2007
Bibliography
  • Leoni, Ray D. Black Hawk, The Story of a World Class Helicopter. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2007. ISBN 978-1-56347-918-2.

External links

  • UTTAS program—YUH-61 origins
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