Bolivarian armada of venezuela

Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela
Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela

Coat of Arms of the Navy
Active 1811 – Present
Country Venezuela
Branch Navy of Venezuela
Size 6 frigates
4 corvettes
2 submarines
4 amphibious ship
8 patrol boat
3 auxiliary ship
Part of Ministry of People's Power for Defense
Patron Virgen del Valle
Motto Navegare necesse, vivere non necesse (Latin: "Sailing is necessary, but living is not".)
Colors Navy Blue
March Marcha Epica de las Fuerzas Navales
(Grand March of the National Navy)
Engagements Venezuelan War of Independence
Battle of Lake Maracaibo
Commanders
Notable
commanders
José Prudencio Padilla
Luis Brión
Insignia
Naval Ensign
Naval Jack
Naval Jack 1930–2006

The navy of Venezuela is officially called the Bolivarian Navy of Venezuela (Spanish: Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela).

It serves the purpose of defending the naval sovereignty of the country, including inland, fluvial security, it also serves to prevent illegal activities in the Venezuelan borders and collaborates with international organizations to safeguard international waters from criminal activities.

History

The Navy was born as a coastal defense force during the height of the Venezuelan War of Independence. In April 1811 the Nautical School was opened by order of the national government in La Guaira to train future naval officers, months before the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence, thus the Navy's origins start from this date, with its first vessels being those formerly used by the naval forces of the Captaincy General of Venezuela.

For long time their vessels, even if obsolete, were maintained properly by its sailors. In 1937 the Navy acquired from Italy two gunboats of the and rechristened them General Soublette and General Urdaneta; these ships where retained in service until 1951[1] (for other sources in 1948[2] or 1950[3][4]) and scrapped later.[5][6]

Joint exercises

In September, 2008, the Russian Navy's nuclear-powered missile cruiser Pyotr Velikiy, accompanied by three other ships of Russia's Northern Fleet, sailed from its base in Severomorsk on a cruise to the Caribbean Sea for a joint exercise with the Venezuelan Navy. This action represented the first major Russian power projection in that region since the end of the Cold War.[7][8] The fleet of ships, headed by the nuclear-powered Pyotr Velikiy, set off from its base at Severomorsk in the Arctic on Monday, September 22. Russian Navy spokesman Igor Dygalo told the AFP news agency, "It's the nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser Peter the Great, the anti-submarine warship Admiral Chebanenko and other accompanying ships". The other ships included a tug boat and supply ships.[9]

Organization of the Navy

The Navy is led by the Commanding General of the Navy, by 2012 Admiral Diego Antonio Guerra Barreto.

Naval Operations Command

Led by the Chief of Naval Operations, as of 2013 Vice Admiral Jesus Gerardo Ortega Hernández,[10] it supervises all 4 naval operating commands.

Fleet Forces Command

Based in Naval Base Rear Admiral Agustín Armario in Puerto Caballo, Carabobo State it is the lead operating command of the Navy, divided into four operating squadrons:

  • Frigates Squadron
  • Submarine Squadron
  • Patrol Squadron
  • Service and Amphibious Squadron

Fluvial Command

This command is the riverline and fluvial operations arm of the Navy mandated for riverline operations.

Venezuelan Naval Aviation Command

The command serves as the air arm of the Venezulean Navy.

Naval Air Stations of the Venezuelan Navy

There are eight Naval Air Statons:

  • NAS Puerto Cabello (NAC HQ)
  • NAS Punto Fijo
  • NAS Maiquieta
  • NAS Caracas (Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda Air Base)
  • NAS Guiria
  • NAS La Blanquilla
  • NAS La Orchila
  • NAS Puerto Ayacucho (General in Chief José Antonio Páez AFB)

Coast Guard Command

Headquartered in La Guaira, Vargas, it is responsible for the surveillance of Venezuelas jurisdictional waters.[11]

Support and Shore Establishment Commands

Naval Service Education and Training Command

The NSETC has eight component units tasked in the training of all officers and enlisted personnel:

  • Venezuelan Naval Academy
  • Naval War College
  • Naval Tactical Scenarios School
  • Center of Naval Administration
  • Military Technical Academy - Naval Branch
  • Naval Technical School
  • Naval Recruit Training School
  • Naval Police School

Fleet Forces and Coast Guard ship organization

The following is the roster of active duty vessels and ships of the Venezuelan National Bolivarian Navy.[12][full citation needed]

Vessels
Class Origin Type In Service Notes
Mariscal Sucre Italy Missile frigate 3 serviceable (2 modernized in the 1990s + 1 as delivered), 3 mothballed at the DIANCA shipyard.
Capana South Korea Amphibious 4
Guaiquerí Spain Patrol (POVZEE) 4
Guaicamacuto Spain Patrol coast guard (BVL) 3
Pagalo Venezuela Cutter 1
Point USA Cutter 4
Punta Brava Spain Survey ship 1
Puerto Cabello Norway Logistic ship 1
Ciudad Bolívar South Korea Small replenishment oiler 1
Bricbarc Spain Sail training ship 1

Frigates

  • Six Lupo/Mariscal Sucre-class missile frigates class[13][14]
    • F-21 Mariscal Sucre, in service since 07-14-1980
    • F-22 Almirante Brión, in service since 03-07-1981
    • F-23 General Urdaneta, in service since 08-08-1981
    • F-24 General Soublette, in service since 12-04-1981
    • F-25 General Salóm, in service since 04-03-1982
    • F-26 Almirante García, in service since 07-30-1982

Corvettes

    • PC-21 Guaiquerí, in service[15]
    • PC-22 Warao, to be repaired after grounding off Fortaleza, Brazil in August 2012[16][17]
    • PC-23 Yekuana, in service
    • PC-24 Kariña, in service

Amphibious and service ships

  • Four Capana-class LST.[18][full citation needed]
    • T-61 Capana, in service since 07-24-1984
    • T-62 Esequibo, in service since 07-24-1984
    • T-63 Goajira, in service since 11-01-1984
    • T-64 Los Llanos, in service since 11-01-1984
  • Four Cuban made Los Frailes-class multipurpose LSTs
    • T-90 "Los Frailes", in service
    • T-91 "Los Testigos", in service
    • T-92, in construction
    • T-93. in construction
  • One Ciudad Bolívar-class supply ship.
    • T-81 Ciudad Bolívar, in service since 09-23-2001[19]
  • One Bricbarc type/Simón Bolívar training sailboat.[20]
    • BE-11 Simón Bolívar, in service since 08-6-1980
  • One oceanographic ship
    • BO-11 "Punta Brava", in service since 03-24-1991

Coast patrol

  • Four Spanish-made offshore patrol vessels of the BVL class (on order).
    • GC-21 Guaicamacuto, in service[21]
    • GC-22 Yavire, in service
    • GC-23 Naiguata, in service
    • GC-24 Tamanaco

Coast guard ships

Naval Aviation assets

Airplanes

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service
as of 2012[24]
Notes
CASA C-212-200 Patrullero Spain Maritime Patrol aircraft C-212-200S43 Patrullero 3
CASA C-212-400 Aviocar Spain Transport aircraft C-212-400 Aviocar 4
Beechcraft Super King Air USA Transport/liaison aircraft B200
B90
1
1
Turbo Commander USA Transport aircraft 1

Note: The Navy has others two or three light aircraft.

Helicopters

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service
as of 2012[24]
Notes
Bell 412
Bell 212
USA Assault/transport helicopter 10
Mil Mi-17 Russia Assault/transport helicopter Mi-17V-5 6
Bell 206 USA Training light helicopter TH-57A 2
Harbin Z-9 China Anti-submarine warfare 8 on order First delivery in 2015[25]

References

External links

  • (Spanish) Sitio oficial del Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Defensa de Venezuela
  • (Spanish) Sitio oficial de la Armada Bolivariana de Venezuela
  • (Spanish) Sitio no oficial de la Fuerza Armada de Venezuela
  • [2]

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