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Bor, Serbia

 

Bor, Serbia

Bor
Бор
Municipality and Town
Flag of Bor
Flag
Coat of arms of Bor
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Bor within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Bor within Serbia
Coordinates:
Country Serbia
District Bor
Settlements 14
Government
 • Mayor Saša Vukadinović (SNS)
Area[1]
 • Municipality 856 km2 (331 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 34,160
 • Municipality 48,615
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 19210
Area code +381 30
Car plates BO
Website .rs.opstinaborwww

Bor (Serbian Cyrillic: Бор) is a town and municipality located in eastern Serbia, with one of the largest copper mines in Europe - RTB Bor. It has been a mining center since 1904, when a French company began operations there.[3] It is the administrative center of the Bor District of Serbia. The population of the town is 34,160, while municipality has 48,615.

Contents

  • Name 1
  • Geography 2
  • History 3
  • Settlements 4
  • Economy 5
  • Education 6
    • Technical Faculty of Bor 6.1
  • Sports 7
    • Tennis Academy "Viktor Troicki" 7.1
    • Sport Center 7.2
  • Politics 8
  • Demographics 9
  • International relations 10
    • Twin towns — Sister cities 10.1
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • Sources 13
  • External links 14

Name

The name is derived from the Serbian word Bor (Бор), meaning "pine".

Geography

Bor is surrounded by many beautiful places such as Banjsko Polje, the spa-town Brestovačka Banja, the lake Borsko Jezero, and the mountain Stol, and it is very close to the mountain Crni Vrh.

History

Neolithic Bubanj-Salkuca culture ceramics and anthropomorphic-zoomorphic figurines were found in Krivelj.[4]

In 1903 the mine of Bor was opened which was important moment for the development of Bor. The poet Miklós Radnóti wrote here some of the most beautiful poems ever written in Hungarian during his forced labour (1944) in the copper mines.[5]

In 1947 Bor officially had a town status - at the time its population was 11,000.

Settlements

Aside from the town of Bor, the municipality includes the following settlements:[6]

Economy

Copper mining, mainly of the biggest employer RTB Bor, is the key basis of the Bor's economy.

In 2011, the average gross monthly wage in the city of Bor was US$ 730 (540, 54649 RSD, 944 NZD) - As of August 2011 [7] This average monthly wage is set to receive a large increase as soon as the modernizing of RTB Bor begins (including the flow-on effects, i.e. Further business investment in the city, etc.)

Education

Technical Faculty of Bor

Technical Faculty of Bor[8][9] is a faculty of the University of Belgrade, with tradition dating back to 1961. The Faculty was accredited as a scientific-research organisation in the area of technical-technological science in 2007. So far 1804 students graduated at this faculty, in addition to 18 students that completed specialist studies, 122 master studies and 70 students that defended doctoral theses.

Sports

Tennis Academy "Viktor Troicki"

On 16 December 2010, it was officially announced that from 2011 in this city will start Troicki's Tennis Academy, which will carry his name "Viktor Troicki". The Academy will cover 12,000 square meters, close to five-stars hotel "Jezero". Troicki said that he will use every free moment to stay in Bor, especially to spend time in his academy.

Sport Center

Sport Center Bor (Serbian: Спортски центар Бор/Sportski centar Bor) is an indoor sporting arena. The capacity of the arena is 3,000 people for seating, and 4,000 with the ground.[10] It is currently home to the KK Bor basketball team.

Under the auspices of the Public Utility "Sportski Centar Bor" is the Bor Airport, with paved runway, used only for sporting events.[11]

Politics

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2010 local elections: [3]

Demographics

Bor is one of the municipalities with the most different nations of people living in. Total of 32 different nationalities are represented among the population of Bor.

According to the 2002 census, the settlements in the Bor municipality with Serb ethnic majority were: Bor, Brestovac, Donja Bela Reka, and Oštrelj. The settlements with Vlach ethnic majority were: Bučje, Gornjane, Krivelj, Luka, Metovnica, Tanda, Topla, and Šarbanovac. Ethnically mixed settlements were: Zlot (relative Serb majority) and Slatina (relative Vlach majority).

In the 2011 census, the population of the Bor municipality numbered 48,615 residents, while the city had 34,160 residents. The number of residents has dropped over the years since air pollution by RTB Bor has caused many people to leave the town.

Ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group 2002 census 2011 census
Serbs 39,989 35,435
Vlachs 10,064 6,701
Roma 1,259 1,758
Macedonians 540 429
Romanians 107 293
Albanians 115 113
Others 3,743 3,886
Total 55,817 48,615

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Bor is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014.  
  3. ^ "Bor (Serbia) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  4. ^ "[Projekat Rastko] Nikola Tasic: Eneolitske kulture centralnog i zapadnog Balkana". Rastko.rs. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  5. ^ Ozsváth, Zsuzsanna (2000). In the footsteps of Orpheus: the life and times of Miklós Radnóti. Indiana University Press. pp. 202–203.  
  6. ^ [4]
  7. ^ Average salaries and wages paid in August 2011
  8. ^ "Technical Faculty of Bor History (English)". 
  9. ^ "Technical Faculty of Bor". 
  10. ^ "Ustanova Sportski Centar Bor". EKapija Business Portal. 
  11. ^ D. Stojanović (2010-07-19). "Aerodrom u Boru bez struje i vode". Blic. 

Sources

  • "Бор". Гласник Етнографског музеја, књ. 38. 1975. 

External links

  • Official Web Site of the Bor Municipality
  • Web Site of the Bor
  • Tourist Organization of the Bor Municipality
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