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Bristol Braemar

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Bristol Braemar

Bristol Types 24 and 25 Braemar
Braemar second prototype, 1919
Role Heavy bomber
National origin United Kingdom
Manufacturer Bristol Aeroplane Company
Designer Frank Barnwell
First flight 13 August 1918
Number built 2
Developed into Bristol Pullman

The Bristol Braemar was a British heavy bomber aircraft developed at the end of the First World War for the Royal Air Force. Only two prototypes were constructed.

Development

The prototype Braemar was developed in response to the establishment of the Independent Air Force in October 1917, as a bomber capable of the long-range bombing of Berlin if necessary. A large triplane, it had internal stowage for up to six 250 lb (110 kg) bombs.

The initial design featured a unique engine installation with a central engine room housing all four engines. The engines were to be geared in pairs and power taken from the engines to the four propellers by power shafts. This design was abandoned early in development, and both the completed Braemars had a conventional engine installation, with the engines in inline tandem pairs, driving pusher and tractor propellers. However, the engine-room design was resurrected later in the Braemar's development life, for the proposed steam-powered Tramp.

A contract from the Air Board for three prototypes was awarded to Bristol & Colonial on 26 February 1918. The first prototype Braemar flew on 13 August 1918, with four 230 hp (170 kW) Siddeley Puma engines. The prototype showed generally good performance with a top speed of 106 mph (171 km/h), but there were complaints from the test pilots about the view from the cockpit and the controls,[1] and so the next aircraft produced was an improved version designated Braemar Mk.II. The Mk.II had considerably more power, in its four 400 hp (300 kW) Liberty L-12 engines , which gave it an improved speed of 125 mph (201 km/h).

The Braemar never entered service with the RAF, and the two prototypes were the only Braemars built. The third prototype was completed as a Pullman 14-passenger civil transport.

Variants

Type 24 Braemar I
Prototype with four 230 hp (172 kW) Siddeley Puma engines, one built first flown 13 March 1918.
Type 25 Braemer II
Prototype with four 400 hp (298 kW) Liberty L-12 engines, one built first flown 18 February 1919.
Type 26 Pullman
14-passenger civil transport variant with Liberty L-12 engines, one built first flown in May 1920.

Specifications (Braemar Mk.II)

Data from Barnes C.H. (1964), p.142

General characteristics
  • Crew: 6 - two pilots, wireless operator, engineer and two gunners
  • Length: 51 ft 6 in (15.73 m)
  • Wingspan: 81 ft 8 in (24.89 m)
  • Height: 20 ft (6.10 m)
  • Wing area: 1,905 ft² (177 m²)
  • Empty weight: 10,650 lb (4,840 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 18,000 lb (8,170 kg)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Liberty L-12 inline engine, 400 hp (300 kW) each

Performance

Armament
  • Guns: 2 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) machine guns
  • Bombs: 1,500 lb (680 kg)

See also

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

References

Notes
Bibliography
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