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British Olympic Association

British Olympic Association
British Olympic Association logo
British Olympic Association logo
Country/Region  United Kingdom
Code GBR
Created 1905
Recognized 1905
Continental
Association
EOC
Headquarters London, England
President HRH The Princess Royal
Website TeamGB.com
Notes

Also includes the following dependencies:
 Isle of Man
 Jersey
 Guernsey
 Anguilla
 British Antarctic Territory
 British Indian Ocean Territory
 Falkland Islands
 Gibraltar
 Montserrat
 Pitcairn Islands
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia

 Turks and Caicos Islands

The British Olympic Association (BOA) is the National Olympic Committee for the United Kingdom. It represents the Olympic movement and organises the participation of athletes ("Team GB") at the summer, winter and youth Olympic Games.

Contents

  • Scope 1
  • Role 2
  • Structure 3
  • Founding 4
  • See also 5
  • Further reading 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Scope

The association comprises members from the following -

Crown dependencies

:

British Overseas Territories

:

Note - Three British Overseas Territories have their own NOCs and are not connected with the BOA: Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands.

Sovereign Base Areas

Role

The BOA is one of 205 National Committees (NOCs) currently recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The IOC leads the promotion of Olympism in accordance with the Olympic Charter.

Working with the national governing bodies of each sport, the BOA selects Team GB's members to compete in all sports at the summer and winter Olympics. The BOA is independent and receives no funding from the government. Its income comes from fundraising and events.

The United Kingdom (which competes as "Great Britain") is one of only five countries (the others being Australia, France, Greece and Switzerland) which have never failed to be represented at the Summer Olympic Games since 1896. Great Britain, France and Switzerland are the only countries to have been present at all Olympic Winter Games. Great Britain has hosted three Olympic Games, all of them in London: in 1908, 1948 and 2012, which is the record for any city.

Structure

At its formation in 1905 the association consisted of seven national governing body members from the following sports: fencing, life-saving, cycling, skating, rowing, athletics, Rugby football, Association football, and archery. It now includes as its members the thirty-three national governing bodies of each Olympic sport, both summer and winter.

A representative of each of the Olympic sports makes up the NOC, the BOA's decision and policy-making body. The NOC elects four officers: a President, a Chairman, and two Vice-Chairmen, each for a four-year term. Six members of the NOC are elected to the Board, which oversees the work of the BOA and puts forward proposals for decision by the NOC.

Founding

The BOA's origins pre-date the International Olympic movement and its governing body, the International Olympic Committee.

It traces its roots back to the National Olympian Association (NOA), which held its inaugural meeting at the Liverpool Gymnasium, Myrtle Street, E G Ravenstein (president of the German Gymnastic Society of London).[2] It took the existing Olympian Games of Much Wenlock as its example, thus the NOA Games "were open to all comers" and not just the products of Britain's public schools.

After the NOA closed in 1883 its motto and ethos were inherited by the National Physical Recreation Society (NPRS) which was founded in 1885. From 1902 the President and Treasurer of the NPRS were members of the Olympic "Comité Britannique" and the NPRS was a founding body of the British Olympic Association in 1905.[3]

See also

Further reading

  • Rule Britannia: Nationalism, Identity and the Modern Olympic Games by Matthew P. Llewellyn (Routledge 2012)

References

  1. ^ "Lord Coe becomes chairman of British Olympic Association". BBC News. 7 November 2012. 
  2. ^ The Liverpool Mercury, 7 November 1865
  3. ^ National Olympian Association, The John Hulley Memorial Fund

External links

  • BOA Official Site
  • British Olympic Association Archive Collection
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