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Bronxville

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Bronxville

Bronxville, New York
Village

Location within Westchester County
Bronxville, New York
Bronxville, New York
Location within Westchester County

Coordinates: 40°56′24″N 73°49′34″W / 40.94000°N 73.82611°W / 40.94000; -73.82611Coordinates: 40°56′24″N 73°49′34″W / 40.94000°N 73.82611°W / 40.94000; -73.82611

Country United States
State New York
County Westchester
Government
 • Mayor Mary C. Marvin (R)[1]
Area
 • Total 1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)
 • Land 1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 92 ft (28 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,323
 • Density 6,300/sq mi (2,500/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 10708
Area code(s) 914
FIPS code 36-08532
GNIS feature ID 0944824
Website http://www.villageofbronxville.com

Bronxville is an affluent village within the town of Eastchester, New York, in the United States. It is a suburb of New York City, located approximately 15 miles (24 km) north of midtown Manhattan[2] in southern Westchester County. At the 2010 census, Bronxville had a population of 6,323.[3]

Demographics

As of the 2000 census,[4] there were 6,543 people, 2,312 households and 1,660 families residing in the village. The population density was 6,869.3 per square mile (2,659.2/km²). There were 2,387 housing units at an average density of 2,506.0 per square mile (970.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 91.88% White, 1.15% African American, 0.05% Native American, 4.83% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.93% of the population.

There were 2,312 households of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.4% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.27.

Age distribution was 29.1% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median household income was $144,940, and the median family income was $200,000, making it one of the wealthiest and most affluent places with more than 1000 households, or population of 1000, in the United States. It currently ranks 20th in the US on a list of the highest income places in the United States. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $61,184 for females. The per capita income for the village was $89,483. About 1.7% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.

Postal code

Bronxville's 10708 ZIP code covers not only the village of Bronxville proper, but also Chester Heights and other sections of Eastchester, parts of Tuckahoe, and Lawrence Park West, Cedar Knolls, Armour Villa, and other sections of Yonkers. This brings the ZIP code's population to 22,411 (2000 census), covering an area more than twice as large as the actual municipality of Bronxville itself and encompassing several notable institutions such as Sarah Lawrence College in Yonkers. In fact, there are more residents of Yonkers using a Bronxville mailing address than living in the village itself.

History


Millionaire real-estate and pharmaceutical mogul William Van Duzer Lawrence played a critical role in the development of the community of Bronxville, seeking to create an affluent suburb of New York City defined by magnificent homes in a country like setting. The area had been known as "Underhill's Crossing" and was changed to Bronxville when the village was formally established. In the second half of the nineteenth century when railroads connected Westchester County with New York City, the area grew in terms of population, with more residents working in the city and commuting daily. Lawrence's influence can be seen throughout the community, including the historic Lawrence Park neighborhood, the Houlihan Lawrence Real Estate Corporation, and Lawrence Hospital.

The village was home to an arts colony in the early 20th century during which time time many noteworthy houses by prominent and casual architects were built.

The Gramatan Hotel on Sunset Hill was a residence hotel in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Gramatan was the name of the chief of the local Siwanoy Indian tribe that was centered in the Gramatan Rock area above Bronxville Station. Chief Gramatan sold the land to the settlers. The hotel was demolished in 1970, and a complex of townhouses was built on the site in 1980.

Elizabeth Clift Bacon, General George Armstrong Custer's widow, lived in Bronxville, and her house still stands to this day at 12 Custer Place in Bronxville.

The St. Joseph's Catholic Church, located in the downtown area, was attended by the Kennedys when they were residents from 1929 to about 1936. In 1958 future-senator Ted Kennedy married Joan Bennett in St. Joseph's Church.

The US Post Office–Bronxville was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. Other sites on the National Register are the Bronxville Women's Club, Lawrence Park Historic District, and Masterton-Dusenberry House.[5]

Education


Bronxville is home to Concordia College, a liberal arts college operated by the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod.

The Bronxville Public School, known as The Bronxville School, is annually ranked as one of the top public schools in the country. The school was started as a progressive educational institution in the 1920s.

Parks and recreation



The Village of Bronxville has over 70 acres (280,000 m2) of parkland including athletic fields, woodlands, and a very small part of the Bronx River Parkway Reservation. The Reservation, Westchester’s oldest park, was created as an adjunct to the Bronx River Parkway that opened in 1925, and was the first linear park in the United States. The Reservation features ponds, wooden footbridges and hundreds of varieties of native trees and shrubs. The park is owned by Westchester County, and it is a favorite place for bicycling, walking, running, and nature study.

The Bronxville School's athletic fields contain a football field, three smaller fields used for various sports like field hockey and lacrosse, and a running track (which is only 380 meters in Lane 1 because of space issues). Bacon Woodlands, located on Kensington Road, is a natural rock outcropping which has been left in its natural state, the flatter portion of which is used as an informal play area by children. Scout Field, a Westchester County Park which is located predominantly in Yonkers and Mount Vernon but is controlled by Bronxville, is heavily utilized by the Bronxville schools' soccer, football, baseball and cross-country running programs.[6] In 2006, Chambers Field was replaced with turf, which was funded by the community and parents of athletes in Bronxville.

From April to June and September to October, a 7-mile (11 km) stretch of the Bronx River Parkway (no part of the roadway of which is in Bronxville) from Scarsdale Road in Yonkers (north of Bronxville) to White Plains closes to automobile traffic each Sunday (except on holiday weekends) between 10 AM and 2 PM. During those times, the Westchester County Parks Department runs "Bicycle Sundays" along this stretch of the parkway.[7]

Notable people

Bronxville in popular culture

Image gallery

See also

New York portal

References

External links

  • Village of Bronxville official website
  • 'My Hometown' Bronxville
  • Bronxville High School Alumni
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