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Brotton

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Brotton

Brotton

Brotton High Street
Brotton is located in North Yorkshire
Brotton
Brotton
 Brotton shown within North Yorkshire
Population 7,000 (2011.ward)[1]
OS grid reference
   – London 210 mi (340 km)  S
Civil parish Skelton and Brotton
Unitary authority Redcar and Cleveland
Ceremonial county North Yorkshire
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SALTBURN-BY-THE-SEA
Postcode district TS12
Dialling code 01287
Police Cleveland
Fire Cleveland
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Brotton is a village in the parish of Skelton and Brotton, in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 2.5 miles (4 km) south-east of Saltburn-by-the-Sea, 12 miles (19 km) east of Middlesbrough and 14 miles (23 km) north-west of Whitby. In 2002, the village had a population of 5,384.

History

The name of the village (known in medieval times as 'Broctune') literally means, "town on the brow of a hill", and is listed in the Domesday Book. The hill in question, Warsett Hill, tops the large Huntcliffe which was the site of one of the many Roman signal stations built along the east coast to defend against Anglo-Saxon attack. Brotton was one of a number of manors granted by William the Conqueror to Robert de Brus, Lord of Skelton. Over recent years Brotton has become somewhat isolated because of a bypass which was opened in 1998 between the villages of Skelton-in-Cleveland and Carlin How.

The discovery of ironstone brought major changes to the village and a large increase in the population. The majority of former miners' homes are found in the 'Brickyard' and 'the Park' areas of the village. Lumpsey Mine, the largest of the Brotton mines, opened in the 1880s and closed in 1954. During the First World War Lumpsey Mine had a rail-mounted artillery piece to defend the mine against Zeppelin attack.

Community

Brotton is close to the historic seaside town of Saltburn-by-the-Sea, known for its pier, and Guisborough, with its ancient Priory and market.

The village is divided into two parts: 'Top End' (the area east of the railway line) and 'Bottom End' (the area to the west).

Brotton Anglican church is dedicated to St Margaret. The village contains a parade of shops on High Street, and its public houses include The Crown, The Ship, The Green Tree and The Queen's Arms.

Brotton has two primary schools, Badger Hill Primary School and St Peters Church of England school. There is also a school for children with learning difficulties, Kilton Thorpe. The village secondary school, Freebrough Academy, has recently been rebuilt.

The sculptor Charles Robinson Sykes (1875-1950), was born in the village. He designed the Spirit of Ecstasy mascot which is used on Rolls-Royce cars.[2]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ Triton, Paul (1986); "Eleanor, in body or spirit?", Rolls-Royce Owners' Club of Australia Library. Retrieved 15 January 2014

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Skelton & Brotton Parish Council
  • Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council
  • "Welcome to Brotton History", This is the North East, Communigate.co.uk


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