World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Brough, Cumbria

Article Id: WHEBN0003312213
Reproduction Date:

Title: Brough, Cumbria  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kirkby Stephen, Brough Castle, A685 road, East Westmorland Rural District, Robert de Eglesfield
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Brough, Cumbria


Brough Castle from the south east
Brough is located in Cumbria
 Brough shown within Cumbria
Population 751 (2011)
OS grid reference
Civil parish Brough
District Eden
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district CA17
Dialling code 017683
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Penrith and the Border
List of places

Brough (), sometimes known as Brough under Stainmore, is a village and civil parish in the Eden district of Cumbria, England, on the western fringe of the Pennines near Stainmore. The village is on the A66 trans-Pennine road, and the Swindale Beck, and is about 8 miles (13 km) south east of Appleby-in-Westmorland. Brough is situated 5 miles (8.0 km) north east of Kirkby Stephen and 28 miles (45 km) north east of Kendal on the A685.

Brough lies within the historic boundaries of the ancient county of Westmorland. At the 2001 census it had a population of 680, increasing to 751 at the 2011 Census.[1]


  • History 1
  • The holly tree tradition 2
  • St Michael's church 3
  • Gallery 4
  • Governance 5
  • References 6


The village is on the site of the Roman fort of Verterae ("The Forts"),[2] on the northern leg of the Roman-era Watling Street, linking Luguvalium (Carlisle) with Eboracum (York) and points south.[3] The area of the rectangular fort, which once occupied the land to the south of the Swindale Beck, is now a Scheduled Ancient Monument.[4] Brough Castle was built in the 11th century within the northern part of the former fort.

Brough has historically been divided into Market Brough, to the north, and Church Brough, to the south and centred on the castle and St Michael's Church. In 1977 this division was made physical by the construction of the Brough bypass dual carriageway, taking the A66 away from the village main street.

Up to some time before 1777, opposite the market cross going up towards Stainmore, there was a holy well dedicated to Saint Winifred (Gwenfrewi), which before the Reformation was a place of pilgrimage.[5]

Nearby is Augill Castle, built in 1841 by John Bagot Pearson from Kirkby Lonsdale as a weekend retreat and now a hotel.

The holly tree tradition

Traditionally, on Twelfth Night, a burning holly tree (subsequently, ash trees were used) would be carried through the village, followed by a brass band. When the flames had partially gone out, the villagers would try to bring the tree to a pub, where the party would continue until the early hours of the morning.[6][7] The village was also the venue for a popular fair on the second Thursday of March.[8]

St Michael's church

St Michael's Church is a large building with an impressive tower. The oldest parts date from the Norman period, and may have suffered during William I of Scotland's attack on the castle in 1174. The church was enlarged in the 14th century, to add the north aisle, and in the early 16th century when most of the existing structure was built. The tower was constructed by Thomas Blenkinsop of Helbeck in 1513. There is a large war memorial within the nave. There are four bells. Repairs and improvements continue to this day. Further information can be found at [3]



An electoral ward in the name of Brough exists. This ward stretches from Musgrave to Stainmore with a total population of 1,317.[9]


  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Gordon, Seton (1949). Highways and Byways in the Central Highlands. London: Macmillan & Co. p. 152.  Full text in SGML format
  3. ^ Antonine Itinerary. British Route 2.
  4. ^ [4].
  5. ^ Jim Taylor Page, Cumbrian Holy Wells, North West Catholic Hist. Soc., Wigan 1990, p. 21; J. Nicolson & R. Burn, History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmorland and Cumberland, Vol. I, London 1777, p. 575.
  6. ^ "Holly Night at Brough", The Every-day Book and Table Book; or, Everlasting Calendar of Popular Amusements, Sports, Pastimes, Ceremonies, Manners, Customs, and Events, Each of the Three Hundred and Sixty-Five Days, in Past and Present Times; Forming a Complete History of the Year, Months, and Seasons, and a Perpetual Key to the Almanac, Including Accounts of the Weather, Rules for Health and Conduct, Remarkable and Important Anecdotes, Facts, and Notices, in Chronology, Antiquities, Topography, Biography, Natural History, Art, Science, and General Literature; Derived from the Most Authentic Sources, and Valuable Original Communication, with Poetical Elucidations, for Daily Use and Diversion. Vol III., ed. William Hone, (London: 1838) p 26-27. Retrieved on 2008-06-06
  7. ^ "Westmoreland", British Popular Customs Present And Past, p 35. Retrieved on 2008-06-06
  8. ^ "March Fair, at Brough, Westmoreland", The Every-day Book... , ed. William Hone, (London: 1838) p 317-19. Retrieved on 2008-06-11
  9. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.