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Brunei dollar

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Title: Brunei dollar  
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Subject: Singapore dollar, Dollar, Economy of Brunei, Malaysian ringgit, Pan-Borneo Highway
Collection: 1967 Introductions, Currencies of Brunei, Economy of Brunei, Fixed Exchange Rate
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Brunei dollar

Brunei dollar
Ringgit Brunei  (Malay)
ريڠڬيت بروني (Jawi Malay)
New 1 dollar polymer note (2011) New 5 dollar polymer note (2011)
ISO 4217 code BND
Central bank Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam
(Monetary Authority of Brunei Darussalam)
 Website .bn.gov.ambdwww
User(s)  Brunei
 Singapore (alongside Singapore dollar)
Inflation 1.33% at May 2015
 Source The World Factbook, 2012
Pegged with Singapore dollar at par
Subunit
 1/100 cent
Symbol B$
Coins 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 cents
Banknotes
 Freq. used $1, $5, $10, $50, $100
 Rarely used $20, $25, $500, $1000, $10,000

The Brunei dollar (Malay: ringgit Brunei, currency code: BND), has been the currency of the Sultanate of Brunei since 1967. It is normally abbreviated with the dollar sign $, or alternatively B$ to distinguish it from other dollar-dominated currencies, It is divided into 100 sen (Malay) or cents (English).

The Brunei dollar is managed together with the Singapore dollar at a 1:1 ratio by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS). (Singapore is one of Brunei's major trading partners.)

Contents

  • History 1
    • History of coins used in Brunei 1.1
    • History of banknotes used in Brunei 1.2
  • Coins 2
  • Banknotes 3
    • 1967 series 3.1
    • 1972 series 3.2
    • 1989 series 3.3
    • 1996–2000 polymer and paper series 3.4
    • 2004–2007 (polymer) series 3.5
    • 2011 polymer series 3.6
    • Commemorative 3.7
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Early currency in Brunei included cowrie shells. Brunei is also famous for its bronze teapots, which were used as currency in barter trade along the coast of North Borneo.

Brunei issued tin coins denominated in pitis in AH1285 (AD1868). These were followed by a one cent coin in AH1304 (AD1888). This cent was one hundredth of a Straits dollar.

As a protectorate of Britain in the early 20th century, Brunei used the Straits dollar from 1906, the Malayan dollar from 1939 and the Malaya and British Borneo dollar from 1953 until 1967, when it began issuing its own currency.

The Brunei dollar replaced the Malaya and British Borneo dollar in 1967 after the formation of Malaysia and the independence of Singapore. Until 23 June 1973, the Malaysian ringgit was exchangeable at par with the Singapore dollar and Brunei dollar. The Monetary Authority of Singapore and the Brunei Currency and Monetary Board (now the Authoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam (Monetary Authority of Brunei Darussalam) still maintain the exchangeability of their two currencies. The dollar is accepted as "customary tender" in Singapore according to the Currency Interchangeability Agreement,[1] although it is not legal tender there.

Coins were used in Brunei from the 10th century. The Straits dollar was also used in Brunei from 1906.

History of coins used in Brunei

Due to the close ties between China and Brunei, the first type of coins used in Brunei were Chinese coins. This was initially called ‘Pitis’. They were later known as ‘Kue’ when local ‘Pitis’ were introduced.[2][3] The local ‘Pitis’ coins had ‘Sultanate of Brunei’ stamped in front of the coin and the royal umbrella was imprinted at the back. These were issued from the 16th to the 19th century. Previous Islamic coins were also called the ‘Pitis’.[4] Another type of coin that was used in Brunei were ‘Duit besi’ (which roughly translates to ‘Iron money’). Iron was considered valuable those days that it was used as money. 100 one-square inch pieces were valued at 1 dollar.[3]

The last coin to be issued before the introduction of the Straits Settlements currency was the ‘Duit Bintang’, otherwise known as the ‘Star coin’.[2] It is called the Star coin because of the star imprinted on the front of the coin. It was minted in Birmingham, England, in 1887.[2] It was made from copper.

With the introduction of the Straits Settlements currency, the previously used coins were taken out of circulation. They were, however still used with certain exchange rates.[3]

History of banknotes used in Brunei

One Straits dollar banknote from 1935

The Straits dollar was introduced in Brunei in 1906. It was later replaced by the

Preceded by:
Malaya and British Borneo dollar
Reason: Currency Agreement
Ratio: at par, or 60 dollars = 7 British pounds
Currency of Brunei, Singapore
1967 –
Concurrent with: Singapore dollar
Succeeded by:
Current
  • Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam (Monetary Authority of Brunei Darussalam)

External links

  1. ^  
  2. ^ a b c d e "Brunei History seen through its coinage". Brunei Times. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Brunei's currency notes before 1967". 
  4. ^ a b Basic Commerce for Brunei Darussalam. p. 23. 
  5. ^ Basic Commerce for Brunei Darussalam. p. 22. 
  6. ^ Ministry of Finance
  7. ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2011). "Brunei". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  8. ^  
  9. ^ PARITY DEMOCRACY and MONEY: Annual Meetings Paper 11, COUNCIL for PARITY DEMOCRACY. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  10. ^ A poster released by the Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam (Monetary Authority of Brunei Darussalam) that explains the security features on the 1 ringgit/dollar polymer banknote
  11. ^ A poster released by the Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam (Monetary Authority of Brunei Darussalam) that explains the security features on the 5 ringgit/dollar polymer banknote
  12. ^ A poster released by the Autoriti Monetari Brunei Darussalam (Monetary Authority of Brunei Darussalam) that explains the security features on the 10 ringgit/dollar polymer banknote
  13. ^ Brunei new 1-, 5-, and 10-dollar notes confirmed, BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
  14. ^ Brunei's new notes contain Braille blunder, BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  15. ^ Accuracy of Braille in banknotes questioned, The Brunei Times. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  16. ^  
  17. ^ a b  
  18. ^  

References

See also

The circulation version has been available since 16 July 2007.[18]
There is a limited edition set, which consists of both versions in a folder, with matching serial number. The notes have "40th Anniversary Currency Interchangeability Agreement" overprinted on obverse. In addition, the Singaporean version has the two countries' state creates above the commemorative text. Only 12,000 sets are available, 10,000 from the Monetary Authority of Singapore, and 2,000 from the Brunei Currency and Monetary Board.[17]
The two authorities issue distinct versions of the new $20 notes. They are both yellow, 149 × 72 mm in size, and made of polymer. The reverses are almost identical except that the Brunei version has their state title in Jawi script, while the Singaporean version has the state title of Brunei in Latin script.[17] The obverse of the Singaporean version is similar to the current Portrait Series, whereas the obverse of the Brunei version is similar to the $50 and $100 of the 2004 series.
On 27 June 2007, Singapore and Brunei celebrates the 40th anniversary of the Currency Interchangeability Agreement (since 12 June 1967) by joint-issuing commemorative $20 notes.[16]
  • $20 - yellow (polymer, 2007)
This was issued during the silver jubilee (25th anniversary) of HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah acceding to the throne. The design is of the 1989 series of currency.
  • $25 - purple and beige (1992)

Commemorative

To commemorate the 65th birthday of HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah.[13] Shortly after the notes were issued, the Braille dots on the upper left front corner of the new polymer notes are not raised. The Braille dots cannot be felt tactilely, and they are not accurately rendered as Braille numbers corresponding to the denominations. Specifically, the spacing of the dots is wrong, and the lack the lead-in character that indicates that numbers follow.[14][15]
  • $1 - blue (2011)[10]
  • $5 - green and yellow (2011)[11]
  • $10 - red, yellow and brown (2011)[12]

2011 polymer series

The S$10,000 and B$10,000 notes are the world's most valuable banknotes, worth USD 8000 as of September 2014 (that are officially in circulation).[9] They are worth eight times as much as the next most valuable, the 1000 Swiss franc note (USD 1063).

2004-2007 Polymer Notes
Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Transparent Window printing issue
$50 158 x 75 mm Light Blue and Bronze Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Rainforest Bushes Various different flora of Brunei 15 July 2004
Hassanal Bolkiah's 58th birthday
$100 Brown and orange Chermin Island
[12] $500 175 x 81 mm Pink Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III The Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque and the Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Foundation Building (Yayasan) 2006 28 December 2006
[13] [14] $1000 182 x 84 mm Grey and Brown Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah The Ministry of Finance Building in Bandar Seri Begawan 21 June 2007
$10,000 180 x 90 mm Gold and Green The Legislative Council (Parliament) Building in Bandar Seri Begawan 28 December 2006

were introduced in (2004) due to high cases of banknote forgery. All of them are polymer. The $100 note of this series has won a gold medal award for its security features in the 22nd National Print Award in Australia in May 2005.[8]

Polymer banknotes

2004–2007 (polymer) series

1996 Polymer and Paper Notes
Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of issue Material
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse Window / Watermark
$1 141 x 69 mm Blue Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Rainforest Waterfall Coat of Arms of Brunei
(Transparent window)
1996 Polymer
$5 Green Rainforest Floor
$10 Red Rainforest Canopy
$50 158 x 75 mm Brown, Green and Blue Oil Rig Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
(Watermark)
1996 Paper
[9] $100 Brown, Orange Brunei International Airport
[10] [11] $500 175 x 81 mm Orange Royal Regalia Building 2000

Fourth Series (1996–2000) all notes except for the polymer issues are no longer printed.

1996–2000 polymer and paper series

  • $1 - blue
  • $5 - green
  • $10 - red
  • $50 - brown, green, orange
  • $100 - purple
  • $500 - orange
  • $1000 - red-violet, purple, olive
  • $10000 - green, orange

Third series - the post independence series. This series was gradually being replaced by the fourth series.

1989 series

  • $1 ~ $100 like 1967 series
  • $500 - orange
  • $1000 - brown

Second series - This series was the same as the first series with exception that the portrait of HM Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin was replaced by the portrait of HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, the 29th and current ruler of Brunei. All subsequent currency has the portrait of HM Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah. In addition, two new higher denominations were issued in 1979.

1972 series

First series (1967) - currency with the portrait of HM the late Sultan Sir Omar Ali Saifuddin, the 28th ruler of Brunei.

1967 series

Five series of notes have been issued. The colours of $1, $5, and $10 notes have been the same for all the series of banknotes. [8]

On 12 June 1967,[7] the government (Kerajaan Brunei) introduced notes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100 dollars. Notes for 500 and 1000 dollars followed in 1979. In 1989, the title on the paper money was changed to Negara Brunei Darussalam, the official name of the country, and the Malay term for “State of Brunei, Abode of Peace.” 10,000 dollar notes were introduced the same year. All notes bear the denomination in Malay (in both Rumi and Jawi) and in English. The English denomination appeared on the obverse below the denomination in Malay on the earlier series, but now appears on the reverse together with the Jawi.

Banknotes

In 1967, coins were introduced in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents. Except for the bronze 1 cent, the coins were struck in cupro-nickel. In 1986, copper-clad steel replaced bronze.[6]

Coins

The Singapore dollar is still interchangeable with the Brunei dollar today.[4]

In 1952, the board was renamed the Board of Commissioners of Malaya and British Borneo. The board then began to issue notes to Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak, British North Borneo, and Brunei in 1953. This was known as the Malaya and British Borneo dollar.[2] In 1967, the Malaya and British Borneo dollar was replaced by three new currencies: the Malaysian dollar, Singapore dollar and the Brunei dollar, all at par.[5]

[2]

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