World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Buenos Aires Zoo

Article Id: WHEBN0005559294
Reproduction Date:

Title: Buenos Aires Zoo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Palermo, Buenos Aires, Avenida Sarmiento, Buenos Aires, Parque Tres de Febrero, Monument to the Carta Magna and Four Regions of Argentina
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Buenos Aires Zoo

Buenos Aires Zoo
Entrance door on Las Heras Avenue.
Date opened 1875 [1]
Location Buenos Aires, Argentina
Coordinates
Land area 45 acres (18 ha) [2]
Number of animals 2,500 [1]
Number of species 350 [3]
Memberships ALPZA,[4] WAZA [5]
Website http://www.zoobuenosaires.com.ar/index.php

The Buenos Aires Zoo is an 45-acre (18 ha) zoo in the Palermo district of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The zoo contains 89 species of mammals, 49 species of reptiles and 175 species of birds, with a total of over 2,500 animals.[1] The institution's goals are to conserve species, produce research and to educate the public.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Animals and exhibits 2
  • Gallery 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

President Domingo Sarmiento was responsible for the laying out of the Parque Tres de Febrero in land previously owned by Juan Manuel de Rosas. The project was begun in 1874; the park was opened on November 11, 1875, and included a small section dedicated for animals. This area was owned by the Federal Government until 1888 when it was transferred to the City of Buenos Aires. In that year, Mayor Antonio Crespo created the Buenos Aires Zoo, and separated it from the rest of the park.[6]

Its first director Eduardo Ladislao Holmberg was appointed in 1888 and stayed in that position for 15 years. He was the major designer of the zoo. Holmberg completed the assignment of the different parks, lakes and avenues, and began the exhibition of the 650 animals that the zoo had at that time. In that period zoos around the world did not have the same function as they do today; their main goal was recreational, and they had less space for animals and a large recreational area for visitors.[6]

Clemente Onelli was the director from 1904 to 1924 and promoted the Zoo Gardens. Onelli added pony, elephant and camel rides to the zoo and increased the number of visitors (from 1,500 to 15,000) during his first year of office. He is also responsible for most of the Romanesque buildings at the zoo.[6]

Don Adolfo Holmberg, nephew of the first director, took over as directory in 1924 and headed the zoo until 1944, after which a succession of political appointees let the zoo deteriorate. In 1991 the zoo was privatized, and the program to get the animals out from behind bars and into more naturalistic habitats began.[6]

In December 2014, a Buenos Aires court ruled that a 29-year-old female Sumatran orangutan named Sandra living at the zoo was a "non-human person" who was entitled to some basic rights and could be liberated from her enclosure.[7]

Animals and exhibits

The "Palace of the Elephants", inspired on an Hindu temple, as seen in 1904.

The grassy areas of the park are full of native birds and rodents, which come to the zoo for the food thrown to the animals by visitor. Nutria, rabbits, and peacock roam the park freely. A variety of monkeys and small mammals inhabit the zoo. Although some are in cages, others are housed on the islands in the zoo's many ponds, or roam free.[2]

At the Farm of the Zoo (La Granja Del Zoo), visitors can pet and feed ponies, donkeys, sheep, and goats. This part of the zoo is also home to turkeys, chickens, roosters, pigs, rabbits, cows and horses.[2]

At the Aquarium, visitors can see penguins, as well as fresh water fish including piranha and sea dwellers such as striped bream, grouper, black sea bass, sea catfish, and many tropical fish.[8] The aquarium also has a seal show, for which visitors must pay extra.[9]

The Reptile house is home to the zoo's reptiles.

The Tropical Rainforest does not house many animals. It is a two story building displaying tropical plant life, and contains an indoor waterfall. A large iguana is kept on the grounds outside the exit from this exhibit.[2]

Big cats at the zoo include white tigers, pumas, cheetahs, jaguars and lions.[10] The lions are housed in a castle complex with its own moat.[11] Four white tiger cubs, two males and two females, recently born (January 14, 2013) from Cleo a Bengal white tiger, are now on display at the zoo for the public to visit.

Other animals at the zoo include red panda, camels, llamas, giraffes, bison, hippos, and elephants.[2][9] Polar bears are housed in an exhibit that includes an underwater viewing area. Camels are exhibited amidst Moroccan-style architecture. The flamingoes are in a lake near the entrance near Byzantine "ruins" and kangaroos are surrounded by aboriginal paintings. The elephant house is built to look like the ruins of an Indian temple.[11]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ a b c "Buenos Aires Zoo". buenosairestravelplanet.com. Buenos Aires Travel Planet. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Buenos Aires Zoo, Zoological Gardens". buenosairescityguide.com. Buenos Aires City Guide. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "Buenos Aires Zoo". wordtravels.com. World Travels. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "List of members". alpza.com.  
  5. ^ "Zoos and Aquariums of the World". waza.org.  
  6. ^ a b c d "Historia del Zoológico de Buenos Aires". argentinaxplora.com. argentinaXplora. Retrieved 15 May 2010.  (click "Informacion General")
  7. ^ "Captive orangutan has human right to freedom, Argentine court rules | Reuters". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  8. ^ "Attracciones del Zoo". zoobuenosaires.com.ar. Buenos Aires Zoo. Retrieved 15 May 2010.  (click "Informacion General")
  9. ^ a b "A Trip to the Buenos Aires Zoo". argentinastravel.co. Argentina's Travel Guide. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  10. ^ "Buenos Aires Zoo". buenostours.com. Buenos Tours. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 
  11. ^ a b "Zoological Gardens". frommers.com. Frommers. Retrieved 15 May 2010. 

External links

  • Official website (Spanish)
  • History of the Zoo (Spanish)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.