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Cd226

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Cd226

CD226 molecule
Identifiers
Symbols  ; DNAM-1; DNAM1; PTA1; TLiSA1
External IDs GeneCards:
RNA expression pattern
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)
RefSeq (protein)
Location (UCSC)
PubMed search

CD226 (Cluster of Differentiation 226), PTA1 (outdated term, 'platelet and T cell activation antigen 1')[1] or DNAM-1 (DNAX Accessory Molecule-1)[1] is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD226 gene which is located on chromosome 18q22.3.[2]

Structure and function

CD226 is a ~65 kDa glycoprotein expressed on the surface of natural killer cells, platelets, monocytes and a subset of T cells. It is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily containing 2 Ig-like domains of the V-set. CD226 mediates cellular adhesion to other cells bearing its ligands, CD112 and CD155,[3][4] and cross-linking CD226 with antibodies causes cellular activation.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Fuchs, Anja; Colonna, M (October 2006). "The role of NK cell recognition of nectin and nectin-like proteins in tumor immunosurveillance". Seminars in Cancer Biology 16 (5): 359–366.  
  2. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: CD226 CD226 molecule". 
  3. ^ Bottino C, Castriconi R, Pende D, Rivera P, Nanni M, Carnemolla B, Cantoni C, Grassi J, Marcenaro S, Reymond N, Vitale M, Moretta L, Lopez M, Moretta A (August 2003). "Identification of PVR (CD155) and Nectin-2 (CD112) as cell surface ligands for the human DNAM-1 (CD226) activating molecule". J. Exp. Med. 198 (4): 557–67.  
  4. ^ Tahara-Hanaoka S, Shibuya K, Onoda Y, Zhang H, Yamazaki S, Miyamoto A, Honda S, Lanier LL, Shibuya A (April 2004). "Functional characterization of DNAM-1 (CD226) interaction with its ligands PVR (CD155) and nectin-2 (PRR-2/CD112)". Int. Immunol. 16 (4): 533–8.  

Further reading

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.


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