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Cabinet of North Korea

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Title: Cabinet of North Korea  
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Subject: Government of North Korea, Minju Choson, Premier of North Korea, Ministry of Post and Telecommunications (North Korea), Central Bank of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
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Cabinet of North Korea

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
North Korea
Foreign relations
Cabinet of North Korea
Government overview
Formed 1948 (current, 2013)
Jurisdiction North Korea
Headquarters Pyongyang
Minister responsible Pak Pong-ju, Premier of North Korea

The Cabinet of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is, according to the Government of North Korea.[1] The Cabinet's principal newspaper is Minju Choson.

History

In North Korea's first constitution, adopted in 1948, the executive powers were vested in the Cabinet, chaired by [4]

1982 saw the People's Armed Forces and Public Security Ministries assigned directly to the President together with the State Inspection Commission.

In 1990, by a CPC decision, the NDC became fully independent from it as a separate institution, and 1992 constitutional amendments assigned it directly to the Supreme People's Assembly. In 1998 amendments to the Constitution, the Central People's Committee and the State Administration were abolished, and the Cabinet was re-created. Thus, the Cabinet is not only the highest executive enforcement organ but was also expanded to become the general State management organ.

Selection

The cabinet is appointed and accountable to the Supreme People's Assembly, the North Korean unicameral parliament. The SPA chooses the Premier of North Korea who appoints three vice premiers and the cabinet's ministers. All members of the cabinet are members of the Workers' Party of Korea which rules the country since its establishment in 1948. While the SPA is not in session, the cabinet is accountable to the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly.[5]

Powers and responsibilities

The Cabinet, as the executive branch of the North Korean state, is responsible for implementing the state's economic policies, as guided by the Workers' Party. The cabinet is not responsible for defense and security issues, as those are handled by the Korean People's Army, Ministry of People's Security and State Security Department report and subordinated directly to the National Defense Commission. The Cabinet convenes a plenary meeting and an executive meeting.[6] The plenary meeting consists of all the Cabinet members, while the executive meeting is kind of a presidium, and comprises fewer people, including the Premier, vice premier and other Cabinet members whom the Premier nominates. The cabinet forms acts in the form of decisions and directives. The Cabinet shall:[7]

  • adopt measures to execute state policy.
  • institute, amend, and supplement regulations concerning state management based on the Constitution and departmental laws.
  • guide the work of the Cabinet commissions, ministries, direct organs of the Cabinet, local people’s committees.
  • set up and remove direct organs of the Cabinet, main administrative economic organizations, and enterprises, and adopt measures to improve the State management structure.
  • draft the State plan for the development of the national economy and adopt measures to put it into effect.
  • compile the State budget and adopt measures to implement it.
  • organize and exercise works in the fields of industry, agriculture, construction, transportation, communications, commerce, trade, land management, city management, education, science, culture, health, physical training, labor administration, environmental protection, tourism and others.
  • adopt measures to strengthen the monetary and banking system.
  • do inspection and control work to establish a state management order.
  • adopt measures to maintain social order, protect State and social cooperation body’s possession and interests, and to guarantee citizens’ rights.
  • conclude treaties with foreign countries, and conduct external activities.
  • abolish decisions and directions by economic administrative organs, which run counter to the Cabinet decisions or directions.

At a local level, the Cabinet supervises the Local People's Committees.

Structure

The Cabinet is composed of the following as of April 10, 2014:

See also

References

  1. ^ Article 117 of the Constitution of North Korea
  2. ^ Article 105 of the 1972 Constitution
  3. ^ Articles 100-106 of the 1972 Constitution of North Korea
  4. ^ A Country Study: North Korea- 1993- Library of Congress
  5. ^ Article 125 of the Constitution of North Korea
  6. ^ Article 121 of the Constitution of North Korea
  7. ^ Article 119 of the Constitution of North Korea
  8. ^ Fifth Cabinet Vice Premier Appointed, May 1, 2014
  9. ^ Members of DPRK Cabinet Appointed, April 9, 2014
  10. ^ "DPRK FM Clarifies Principled Stand on Int'l Law". KCNA. 18 September 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "DPRK elevates status of national resource development office". Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  12. ^ Mongolian President Departs the DPRK
  13. ^ "Ministry of Atomic Energy Industry Established".  
  14. ^ Kim Jong Un Attends Basketball Game
  15. ^ March Election for People's Assembly
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