World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park

Article Id: WHEBN0034583835
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: National parks of Spain, Atlantic Islands of Galicia National Park, Picos de Europa National Park, Spain, Teide National Park
Collection: Marine Reserves, National Parks of Spain, Protected Areas of the Balearic Islands, Special Protection Areas of Spain
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park

Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park
Native name: Parc Nacional Maritimoterrestre de l’Arxipèlag de Cabrera (Catalan)
Parque Nacional Marítimo-Terrestre del Archipiélago de Cabrera (Spanish)
Geography
Location Mediterranean Sea
Coordinates
Archipelago Balearic Islands
Total islands 11
Major islands
  • — Estells de Fora
  • — S'Imperial
  • — Cabrera
  • — Ses bledes
  • — Na Redona
  • — Conillera
  • — S'Esponja
  • — Na Plana
  • — Illot Pla
  • — Na Pobra
  • — Na Foradada
Area 100 km2 (39 sq mi)
Highest elevation 172 m (564 ft)
Highest point Na Picamosques
Country
Spain
Autonomous Community Balearic Islands
Province Balearic Islands
Demographics
Density 0 /km2 (0 /sq mi)

The Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park (Catalan: Parc Nacional Maritimoterrestre de l'Arxipèlag de Cabrera, Spanish: Parque Nacional Marítimo-Terrestre del Archipiélago de Cabrera) is a national park that includes the whole of the Cabrera Archipelago in the Balearic Islands (Catalan: Illes Balears, Spanish: Islas Baleares), an autonomous community that is part of the Spanish State. The park covers 100 square kilometers (38.7 square miles), though 87 square kilometers (33.6 square miles) is covered by water. The park attracts relatively few visitors due to its remoteness. There is no permanent population, but there might be at any given time just under 100 National Park staff members and other personnel on the islands.

The archipelago has great natural value. Due to its isolation throughout history, it has remained relatively unchanged. The coastal landscape of Cabrera is often considered one of the best preserved on the Spanish coast, and indeed in all of the Mediterranean, as a result. The islands are blanketed by important colonies of seabirds and other endemic species. Due to its biotic wealth and abundance and variety of birds, the park has also been declared a Special Protection Area (SPA) for birds. It is also a Site of Community Importance (SIC), and as such is integrated into the Natura 2000 network. The park is likewise among the ranks of the Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance (SPAMI) under the protocols for protected marine areas established by the Barcelona Convention.

Administratively, the islands belong to the municipality of Palma de Mallorca despite their distance.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Visiting 2
  • See also 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

The Cabrera Castle dates from the 14th century

Use of the islands by the Spanish Armed Forces from 1973 to 1986 served as an obstacle to achieving protection for the archipelago. In 1988, the Parliament of the Balearic Islands unanimously passed a resolution then sent to the Spanish Parliament "for the creation of the Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park," which was later enacted into law on April 29, 1991.[1] The park, in addition to the law, is governed by the "Master Plan for Use and Management of the Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park"[2] approved by means of Order 58/2006 on July 1, 2006 by the Government of the Balearic Islands for a six-year period.

Limited military use of the area continues all the same.

Visiting

Cabrera Archipelago National Park is a restricted cruising destination, and boats may anchor only in the island's natural harbor. Many species survive on Cabrera that are rare in other parts of the Balearics, such as dolphins and sea snails. Diving is strictly limited and a license allows for a one day visit only. Excursions to the island are a rare event and are treasured by the diving community. Hiking possibilities are abundant. There is a visitors center, a 14th-century castle and a museum, as well as a gift shop and café.

See also

Bibliography

  • Moreno, Jorge; Ballesteros, Enrique; Amengual Ramis, José. Arxipièlag de Cabrera: parc nacional. Barcelona: Lunwerg Editores, 2001, ISBN 84-7782-798-2. (Catalan) (English)

References

  1. ^ Act 14/1991 for the Creation of the Cabrera Archipelago Maritime-Terrestrial National Park (Spanish)
  2. ^ Pla d'ús i gestió del Parc Nacional Maritimoterrestre de l'Arxipèlag de Cabrera (Catalan)

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • (Catalan) Guia de Mallorca: Parc de l'Arxipèleg de Cabrera
  • (Spanish) Parque Nacional del Archipiélago de Cabrera (Ministerio de Medio Ambiente de España)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.