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California Central Coast

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Title: California Central Coast  
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Subject: Los Angeles, San Jose, California, Santa Cruz County, California, Kingsburg, California, Salinas, California, Ventura, California, San Joaquin Valley, Central California, Little Sur River, Monterey College of Law
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California Central Coast

For the California wine region, see Central Coast AVA.
Central Coast
Region
Monterey County in the northern part of the central coast

Counties located within the Central Coast
Country  United States
State  California
Population 1,108,589 (Monterey, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara counties)

The Central Coast is an area of California, United States, roughly spanning the area between the Monterey Bay and Point Mugu.[1] It extends through Santa Cruz County, San Benito County, Monterey County, San Luis Obispo County, Santa Barbara County, and Ventura County.[2] The Central Coast is northwest of Los Angeles County and south of San Francisco and San Mateo Counties.

San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura counties are often considered to be part of Southern California while Santa Cruz and San Benito counties are considered part of the San Francisco Bay Area.

The Central Coast is the location of the Central Coast American Viticultural Area.

History

The central coast area was originally inhabited by Chumash and other Native American people since at least 10,000 BC. Many of these settlements were coastal, where the people exploited marine resources and dwelt near freshwater inflows to the Pacific Ocean. For example there were significant settlements near the mouth of Morro Creek and Los Osos Creek.[3]

Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo visited the Central Coast, landing in Santa Barbara County in 1542, having sailed from the south.[4]

Overview

The region is known primarily for agriculture and tourism. Major crops include Wine Grapes, lettuce, strawberries, and artichokes. The Salinas Valley is one of the most fertile farming regions in the United States. Tourist attractions include Cannery Row in Monterey, the Monterey Bay Aquarium, the theatres, galleries and white sand beaches of Carmel-by-the-Sea, the golf courses of Pebble Beach and the Monterey Peninsula, the rugged coastline of Big Sur and Hearst Castle in San Simeon.

The area is not densely populated. The largest city in the region is Salinas, with approximately 150,000 people. University of California campuses are found in Santa Cruz and Santa Barbara, on the extreme north and south edges of the region respectively. California State University, Monterey Bay, founded in 1994, uses facilities donated when Fort Ord was converted from military to civilian uses. California Polytechnic State University, in San Luis Obispo, was founded in 1901.

Travel

Travel is almost entirely by private automobile. Monterey-Salinas Transit (MST) operates bus services throughout Monterey County as far south as Big Sur on the coast and King City in the Salinas Valley. MST also offers connection service to San Jose Diridon Station. Santa Cruz Metro Offers services within Santa Cruz County, including connections to San Jose and San Jose State and connection to MST service in Watsonville, heading south to Salinas. Greyhound buses serve most of the region. Amtrak maintains train service with the Coast Starlight and Pacific Surfliner routes. Because of its position roughly halfway between the major cities of Los Angeles and San Francisco, San Luis Obispo is home to America's first motel. There are no major airports, although Monterey, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria and San Luis Obispo have regional airports with commuter service. The only major highway in the area is U.S. Route 101, which runs north-south from Los Angeles, through most of the major communities of the central coast, to San Francisco. State Route 1, a smaller but much more scenic route, connects the coastal communities, running through Big Sur, Morro Bay, and San Simeon.

Gallery of locations (by city)

See also

References

External links

  • Central California Coast Guide with Photos A comprehensive guide to California's Central Coast
  • Central Coast California : wine, food & culture news & updates

Coordinates: 35°36′N 121°06′W / 35.6°N 121.1°W / 35.6; -121.1

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