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California governor

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California governor

Governor of California
Seal of the Governor
Standard of the Governor
Style
The Honorable
Residence No official residence
(Former residence: Governor's Mansion)
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Peter Hardeman Burnett
Formation December 20, 1849
Deputy Gavin Newsom
Salary $173,987 (2010)[1]
Website www.gov.ca.gov

The Governor of California is the chief executive of the California state government, commander-in-chief of the California National Guard and the California State Military Reserve, whose responsibilities also include making annual State of the State addresses to the California State Legislature, submitting the budget, and ensuring that state laws are enforced. The position was created in 1849, the year before California became a state.

The current governor is Jerry Brown, a Democrat who was inaugurated January 3, 2011, and previously served as governor of California from 1975 to 1983.

On October 5, 2013 at 7:00 PM PDT, Brown tied Earl Warren for the longest amount of time served as Governor of California, with 3,925 days and nine hours, then succeeding Warren from that point on as the longest-serving governor in the history of California measured by cumulative service.

Gubernatorial elections, oath, and term of office

Governors are elected by popular ballot and serve terms of four years, with a limit of two terms, if served after November 6, 1990.[2] Governors take the following oath:

I (Governor's name) do solemnly swear that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of California against all enemies foreign and domestic, that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of California, that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties upon which I am about to enter.

Governors take office on the first Monday after January 1 after their election.

Gubernatorial removal

There are two methods available to remove a governor before the expiration of the gubernatorial term of office.

Impeachment and removal by the legislature

The governor can be impeached for "misconduct in office" by the State Assembly and removed by a two-thirds vote of the State Senate.

Recall by the voters

Petitions signed by California state voters equal in number to 12% of the last vote for the office of governor (with signatures from each of 5 counties equal in number to 1% of the last vote for governor in the county) can launch a gubernatorial recall election. The voters can then vote on whether or not to recall the incumbent governor, and on the same ballot, they can vote a potential replacement. If a majority of the voters in the election vote to recall the governor, then the person who gains a plurality of the votes in the replacement race will become governor.

The 2003 California recall began with a petition drive that successfully forced sitting Democratic Governor Gray Davis into a special recall election. It marked the first time in the history of California that a governor faced a recall election. He was subsequently voted out of office, becoming the second governor in the history of the United States to be recalled after Lynn Frazier of North Dakota in 1921. He was replaced by Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Relationship with Lieutenant Governor of California


The Lieutenant Governor of California is separately elected during the same election, not jointly as the running mate of the gubernatorial candidate. California has had a governor and a lieutenant governor of different parties 26 of the past 31 years:

Years Governor Party Lieutenant Governor Party
1975–1977 Jerry Brown Democratic Mervyn M. Dymally Democratic
1977–1979
1979–1981 Michael Curb Republican
1981–1983
1983–1985 George Deukmejian Republican Leo T. McCarthy Democratic
1985–1987
1987–1989
1989–1991
1991–1993 Pete Wilson Republican
1993–1995
1995–1997 Gray Davis Democratic
1997–1999
1999–2001 Gray Davis Democratic Cruz Bustamante Democratic
2001–2003
1/03 - 11/03
11/03–2005 Arnold Schwarzenegger Republican
2005–2007
2007–2009 John Garamendi Democratic
2010–2011 Abel Maldonado Republican
2011–present Jerry Brown Democratic Gavin Newsom Democratic

This occasionally becomes significant, since the California Constitution provides that all the powers of the governor fall to the lieutenant governor whenever the governor is not in the state of California, with the lieutenant governor often signing or vetoing legislation, or making political appointments, whenever the governor leaves the state. The lieutenant governor is also the President of the California State Senate. In practice, there is a gentlemen's agreement for the Lieutenant Governor not to perform more than perfunctory duties while the Governor is away from the state. This agreement was violated when Mike Curb was in office, as he signed several executive orders at odds with the Brown administration when Brown was out of the state. Court rulings have upheld the lieutenant governor's right to perform the duties and assume all of the prerogatives of governor while the governor is out of the state.

Gubernatorial facts

Age and longevity

Transition events


  • One governor has served two terms, and was elected to a non-consecutive third term:
    • Jerry Brown in 2010 (Brown and George Deukmejian are the most recent living former governors of California who were elected to two terms before the term limits were enacted on November 6, 1990)

Presidential campaigns

See also

California portal

References

External links

  • Official site of Governor's office
  • Official California Secretary of State Election and Voter Information site

Template:US Governor Mansions

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