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Canaan Township, Wayne County, Pennsylvania

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Title: Canaan Township, Wayne County, Pennsylvania  
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Subject: Wayne County, Pennsylvania, George Anson Starkweather (Pennsylvania), Racket Brook, Poyntelle, Pennsylvania, Galilee, Pennsylvania
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Canaan Township, Wayne County, Pennsylvania

Canaan, Pennsylvania
Second-class township
Township of Canaan
Entrance to white and green building with four columns.
Pennsylvania's location in the United States.
Pennsylvania's location in the United States.
Map of Pennsylvania, with county borders indicated. A red dot in the upper right-hand corner is labeled
Canaan, Pennsylvania
Canaan Township's location within Pennsylvania.
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
US Congressional District PA-10
State Senatorial District 20
State House of Representatives District 115
County Wayne
School District Western Wayne
Region I
Settled 1783[1]
Incorporated March 21, 1798
(original township of Wayne County)
Founded by John Shaffer[1]
Named for Canaan (biblical name for the Levant)
 • Type Board of Supervisors
 • Board of Supervisors[2]
 • US Representative Tom Marino (R)
 • State Senator Lisa Baker (R)
 • State Representative Frank Farina (R)
 • Total 19.2 sq mi (49.7 km2)
 • Land 18.4 sq mi (47.7 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2 km2)
Elevation 1,568 ft (477.9 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,963
 • Density 215.4/sq mi (79.74/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern Daylight (EDT) (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 570
GNIS feature ID 1217214[3]
FIPS code 42-127-11056[4]
Website Canaan Township

Canaan is a second-class township in Wayne County, Pennsylvania. The township's population was 3,963 at the time of the 2010 United States Census.[5]


  • Geography 1
  • Communities 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Government and infrastructure 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 19.2 square miles (50 km2), of which, 18.4 square miles (48 km2) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it (4.07%) is water.


The following villages are located in Canaan Township:

  • Canaan[6]
  • Farview[6]
  • Fermoy[6][7]
  • Keen[6][8]
  • Steene[6][9]


As of the census of 2010, there were 3,963 people, 359 households, and 267 families residing in the township. The population density was 215.4 people per square mile (83.2/km²). There were 420 housing units at an average density of 22.8/sq mi (8.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 60.3% White, 29.4% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 6.8% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.6% of the population.

There were 359 households out of which 24% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the township the population was spread out with 4.3% under the age of 18, 89% from 18 to 64, and 6.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years.

The median income for a household in the township was $37,614, and the median income for a family was $41,750. Males had a median income of $21,986 versus $19,632 for females. The per capita income for the township was $15,460. About 2.1% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.

The sharp increase in population (204%) in part can be attributed to the federal prison in Canaan Township, which was opened in March 2005. The prison currently has a capacity of housing 1,088 inmates. Another cause for spike in population in the township can be attributed to the State Correctional Institution – Waymart, which has a capacity of housing 1,470 inmates.

Government and infrastructure

The Federal Bureau of Prisons United States Penitentiary, Canaan is in the township.[10][11]


  1. ^ a b Goodrich, Phineas G. (1992) [1880]. History of Wayne County. Baltimore: Gateway Press, Inc. p. 172. 
  2. ^ "Municipal Index" (PDF). Wayne County Planning Commission/GIS. WordPress. 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Township of Canaan".  
  4. ^  
  5. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  6. ^ a b c d e "CANAAN: SECOND CLASS TOWNSHIP MAP" (PDF). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. 29 April 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "Fermoy". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 30 August 1990. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "Keen". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 1 December 1989. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Steene". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 2 August 1979. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "USP Canaan Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on February 23, 2011. "3057 EASTON TURNPIKE WAYMART, PA 18472."
  11. ^ "Canaan township, Wayne County, Pennsylvania." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on February 23, 2011.

External links

  • Canaan Township News
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