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Carnegie Hill

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Title: Carnegie Hill  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Upper East Side, Manhattan, Greenwich Village, Otto H. Kahn House, 96th Street (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Collection: Andrew Carnegie, Neighborhoods in Manhattan, Upper East Side
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Carnegie Hill

Carnegie Hill townhouses, turn of the 20th century

Carnegie Hill is a neighborhood within the Upper East Side, in the borough of Manhattan in New York City. Its boundaries extend from 86th Street on the south to 96th Street to the north, between Fifth Avenue (Central Park) on the west and Third Avenue on the east.[1] The neighborhood is part of Manhattan Community Board 8. In the 2000s, the perceived northern boundary on Park Avenue has edged over East 96th street into what was traditionally Spanish Harlem,[2] leading to that area sometimes being called Upper Carnegie Hill, especially by real-estate brokers.[3] According to the official Carnegie Hill Neighbors website, Carnegie Hill extends from 86th to 98th Streets, from Fifth Avenue up to, but not including, Third Avenue.[4]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Preservation 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

The neighborhood is named for the mansion that Andrew Carnegie built at Fifth Avenue and 91st Street in 1901.[5] Today the mansion houses the Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, a branch of the Smithsonian Institution. Facing it on 91st Street is the Otto H. Kahn House, a Florentine palazzo, now housing the Convent of the Sacred Heart. A number of other townhouses in the area have been converted to schools, including the recent purchase of the William Goadby and Florence Baker Loew House on 93rd Street[6] by the Spence School. The Lycée Français, housed in the former Virginia Graham Fair Vanderbilt House, held an additional townhouse space on 93rd between Fifth and Madison Avenue until 2005, when the property was sold to a private owner.

The architecture of the neighborhood includes Cooper-Hewitt Museum, The Jewish Museum, the National Academy of Design and the Dalton School.[7] From the 1950s to 1991, the National Audubon Society was housed in the Willard Straight House, a red brick Colonial Revival townhouse at 1130 Fifth Avenue. When it moved to NoHo, the International Center of Photography moved in but later consolidated its operations in Midtown near Bryant Park. In 2001, it again became a private residence.[8] In 1989, the Jewish Museum demolished the 1963 modernist addition and courtyard, replacing it with a new extension opened in 1993 that mimics the French Gothic details of the Warburg Mansion, the museum's home since 1947. The limestone was crafted in Morningside Heights at the Cathedral Stoneworks.[9] Frank Lloyd Wright's originally maligned and now celebrated Guggenheim Museum opened on Fifth Avenue in 1959.[10][11] The New York Road Runners occupies a townhouse around the corner at 9 East 89th Street, a block informally known as Fred Lebow Place.[12]

Similar to the official lines of the historic district, the borders of the neighborhood form an irregular rectangle[7] and the northern boundary, which traditionally was 96th Street, has on Park Avenue edged into what was traditionally Spanish Harlem.[2]

The northern section neighborhood was once seen as a less fashionable end of the East Side, but is now prized for its esthetic sensibility, museums and restaurants.[13] Besides, Andrew Carnegie, Marjorie Merriweather Post, Margaret Rockefeller Strong and John Hay Whitney all made their homes north of 90th Street.

The Otto H. Kahn House, Fifth Avenue at 91st Street
The Hardenbergh/Rhinelander Historic District lies within the neighborhood

Preservation

The Carnegie Hill Historic District, designated as such by the

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

External links

  1. ^  
  2. ^ a b Satow, Julie (2004-12-16). "Carnegie Hill Spills Over its East 96th Street Border". The New York Sun. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  3. ^ Kusisto, Laura (October 21, 2011). "Reaching High on Upper 5th Avenue".  
  4. ^ http://www.carnegiehillneighbors.org/about-us/map-carnegie-hill/
  5. ^ Maria Croce (2000-02-12). "The Battle of Carnegie Hill". Daily Record. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  6. ^ Until recently housing the Smithers Alcoholism Center.
  7. ^ a b c Claire Wilson (2006-10-08). "Full-Nest Zone, Empty-Nester Magnet". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  8. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2001/10/14/realestate/streetscapes-1915-straight-residence-until-recently-international-center.html
  9. ^ Cathedral Stoneworks
  10. ^ Paul Goldberger (2009-05-25). "Spiralling Upward". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2011-11-03. 
  11. ^ http://www.guggenheim.org/new-york/about-us/50th-anniversary guggenheim.org
  12. ^ http://www.nycgovparks.org/sub_your_park/historical_signs/hs_historical_sign.php?id=11248 nycgovparks.org
  13. ^ Christina Tree (2001-06-10). "Carnegie Hill: A Paean to the Past". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  14. ^ "Carnegie Hill Historic District" (PDF). Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  15. ^ Jake Mooney (2008-06-22). "Trying to Save a Link to a Legend and an Era". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  16. ^ 93rd Street Beautification Association
  17. ^ Carnegie Hill Neighbors
  18. ^ Maggie Garb (2000-03-19). "If You're Thinking of Living In/Carnegie Hill; Small-Town Feeling, Big-City Prices". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 
  19. ^ Jennifer Bleyer (2005-07-31). "Will a Rooftop Sunroom Spoil a Scenic View?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 

Notes

  • Alpern, Andrew. The New York Apartment Houses of Rosario Candela and James Carpenter. (New York: Acanthus Press) 2002.

Bibliography

References

See also

[19][7], plans for more high rise apartments and additions to existing brownstones.92nd Street Y In its more than thirty years of operation, its well-publicized battles have included advocating against an adult education center near the [18]

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