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Carvin

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Carvin

Carvin
Flag of Carvin
Flag
Coat of arms of Carvin
Coat of arms
Carvin is located in France
Carvin
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Lens
Canton Carvin
Intercommunality Hénin-Carvin
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Philippe Kemel
Area1 21.03 km2 (8.12 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 17,152
 • Density 820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62215 / 62220
Elevation 17–42 m (56–138 ft)
(avg. 28 m or 92 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Carvin is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Population 3
  • Places of interest 4
  • Notable people 5
  • International relations 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Geography

East of Pas-de-Calais (Béthune, Lens, Hénin-Beaumont)

An ex-coalmining commune, now a light industrial and farming town, situated some 14 miles (22.5 km) northeast of Lens, completely encircled by the N17 and D919 ring road.

History

Major excavations have recently revealed occupation going back to Neolithic times. This settlement is linked to the existence of the vast wet depression around the now-disappeared castle of Epinoy. In the early 12th century, the hamlet of Épinoy, now the east part of the commune, was the home of the hermit Saint Druon of Sebourg.

The history of this market town, located on the road between Arras, Lille and Tournai, was then marked by coalmining, starting in the mid-nineteenth century and ending in 1975. One of the smaller mining companies had its headquarters in Carvin. At nationalization, the pits and mining facilities were consolidated within the Oignies group.

During World War I, from October 1914 to October 1918, Carvin was occupied by the Germans. Located at the rear of the front as a garrison town for both German military and civilians. The bodies of over 6,000 soldiers are laid to rest in one of the largest German cemeteries in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region.

Carvin was awarded the Croix de Guerre on September 28, 1920.

In May 1940, during the German invasion of France, Carvin’s town centre was the scene of a major battle that allowed the bulk of British and French troops to get to Dunkirk and freedom. Once the allies had gone, the troops of the Wehrmacht delivered fierce reprisals on the population of the towns of mining pit 4: Carvin, Courrières and Oignies. Following the miners' strike in May and June 1941 which spread throughout the Nord-Pas-de-Calais, many miners (mostly communists) were arrested and executed at Arras.

In 1947, Carvin lost nearly a third of its territory with the separation of the commune of Libercourt, which claimed its independence. The town lost much of its industry during the years 1970 to 1990. Mining, construction and engineering were all reduced in size. Much of the railway network was dismantled in the early 1990s. Today it is mostly a services and residential commune for the regional capital, Lille.

Population

Historical population of Carvin
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2010
Population 16139 17097 15601 16206 17059 17772 17152
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Places of interest

  • The church of St.Martin, dating from the eighteenth century.
  • Two nineteenth-century churches, of St.Druon and St.Barbe.
  • The Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery.

Notable people

  • Jacques Secrétin, international table tennis player, was born in Carvin in 1949.

International relations

Carvin is twinned with:

See also

References

  • INSEE commune file

External links

  • Website of the Mairie de Carvin (French)
  • Website of the Communauté d'agglomération d'Hénin-Carvin (French)
  • website of the CWGC graves in the communal cemetery (French)
  • Carvin on the Quid website (French)
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