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Cedars-Sinai Hospital

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Cedars-Sinai Hospital

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Cedars-Sinai Health System
View of North and South Towers
Geography
Location 8700 Beverly Blvd., Los Angeles, California, United States
Organisation
Care system Template:Infobox hospital/care system
Hospital type Academic health science centre
Affiliated university UCLA, USC, WGU, Other
Services
Emergency department I
Beds 958 beds
History
Founded 1902
Links
Website
Lists Template:Infobox hospital/lists

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a non-profit, tertiary 958-bed hospital and multi-specialty academic health science centre located in Los Angeles, California.[1] Part of the Cedars-Sinai Health System, the hospital employs a staff of over 2,000 physicians and 10,000 employees.[2][3] A team of 2,000 volunteers and more than 40 community groups support a patient-base of over 16,000 people.[4] Over 350 residents and fellows participate in more than 60 graduate medical education programs.[5]

Cedars-Sinai focuses on biomedical research and technologically advanced medical education — based on an interdisciplinary collaboration between physicians and clinical researchers.[6] The facility has research centers covering cardiovascular, genetics, gene therapy, gastroenterology, neuroscience, immunology, surgery, organ transplantation, stem cells, biomedical imaging and cancer — with more than 800 research projects underway (led by 230 Principal Investigators).[7][8]

Certified as a level I trauma center for adults and pediatrics, Cedars-Sinai trauma-related services range from prevention to rehabilitation and are provided in concert with the hospital's Department of Surgery.[9] Cedars-Sinai is affiliated with the California Heart Center, University of Southern California and David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

As of 2013, U.S. News & World Report ranked Cedars-Sinai #13 out of hospitals across the United States and #3 in the western United States, behind only UCLA Medical Center and UCSF Medical Center.[10] Cedars-Sinai also earned national rankings in 12 adult specialties including #5 for gastroenterology, #9 in cardiology and heart surgery, #9 in orthopedics, #10 in urology, #12 in gynecology, #14 in diabetes and endocrinology, and #14 in neurology and neurosurgery.[11] Located in the Harvey Morse Auditorium, Cedar-Sinai's patient care is depicted in the Jewish Contributions to Medicine mural.[12] The heart transplantation program at Cedars Sinai Medical Center has experienced unprecedented growth since 2010. Statistically, Cedars Sinai currently performs more annual heart transplants than any other medical center in the world, having performed 95 heart transplants in 2012 and 87 in 2011.

History

Founded and financed by businessman Kaspare Cohn, Cedars-Sinai was established as the Kaspare Cohn Hospital in 1902.[13][14] At the time, Cohn donated a two-storey Victorian home located at 1441 Carroll Avenue in the Angeleno Heights neighborhood of Los Angeles to the Hebrew Benevolent Society to create the hospital as a memorial to his brother Samuel.[14] Just 12 beds when opening on September 21, 1902, the hospital's services were initially free.[14]

From 1906 to 1910, Dr. Sarah Vasen, the first female doctor in Los Angeles, acted as superintendent.[15] In 1910, the hospital relocated and expanded to Stephenson Avenue (now Whittier Boulevard), where it had 50 beds and a backhouse containing a 10-cot tubercular ward.[14] It gradually transformed from a charity-based hospital to a general hospital and began to charge patients.[16]

The hospital relocated again in 1930 to 4833 Fountain Avenue, where it was renamed Cedars of Lebanon after the religiously significant Lebanon Cedar, which were used to build King Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem in the Bible, and could accommodate 279 patients.[14][16] In 1918, the Bikur Cholim Society opened a second Jewish hospital, the Bikur Cholim Hospice, when Great Influenza Pandemic hit America.[16] In 1921, the hospice relocated to an 8-bed facility in Boyle Heights and was renamed Bikur Cholim Hospital.[16] In 1923 the Bikur Cholim Hospital became Mount Sinai Home for the Incurables.[17]


On November 7, 1926, a newly named Mount Sinai Hospital moved to a 50-bed facility on Bonnie Beach Place.[14][16] In 1950, Emma and Hyman Levine donated their property adjacent to Beverly Hills, and by 1955 the construction completed and Mount Sinai Hospital opened on 8700 Beverly Boulevard (now Cedars-Sinai Medical Center).[14] The original building stood until 1994 when it was damaged in the Northridge earthquake. Cedars of Lebanon and Mount Sinai Hospitals merged in 1961 to form Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.[16][18]

Donations from the Max Factor Family Foundation allowed the construction of the current main hospital building, which broke ground on November 5, 1972 and opened on April 3, 1976.[19]

In 1994, the Cedars-Sinai Health System was established, comprising the Cedars-Sinai Medical Care Foundation, the Burns and Allen Research Institute and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.[20] The Burns and Allen Research Institute, named for George Burns and his wife, Gracie Allen, is located inside the Barbara and Marvin Davis Research Building.[21] Opened in 1996, it houses biomedical research aimed at discovering genetic, molecular and immunological factors that trigger disease.

In 2006, the Medical Center added the Sapperstein Critical Care Tower with 150 ICU beds.

In 2008, Cedars-Sinai served 54,947 inpatients and 350,405 outpatients, and there were 77,964 visits to the emergency room.[22] Cedars-Sinai received high rankings in eleven of the sixteen specialties, ranking in the top 10 for digestive disorders and in the top 25 for five other specialties as listed below.[23]

In 2013, Cedars-Sinai opened its 800,000-sq.-ft. Advanced Health Sciences Pavilion, which consists of eight stories of program space located over a six-story parking structure, on the eastern edge of its campus at the corner of San Vicente Boulevard and Gracie Allen Drive. Designed by architectural firm HOK, the Pavilion brings patient care and translational research together in one site. The Advanced Health Sciences Pavilion houses the medical center’s neurosciences programs, the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute and Regenerative Medicine Institute laboratories, as well as outpatient surgery suites, an imaging area and an education center.[24]

Rankings

Cedars-Sinai ranks as follows in the nationwide U.S. News Best Hospitals 2013-14 report:[25]

Specialty Ranking
Cancer 26
Cardiology and Cardiac surgery 9
Diabetes and Endocrinology 14
Ear, Nose, & Throat (Otolaryngology) 29
Gastroenterology and GI Surgery 5
Geriatrics 23
Gynecology 12
Nephrology 22
Neurology and Neurosurgery 14
Orthopedics 9
Pulmonology 20
Urology 10

Cedars-Sinai ranks as follows in the Los Angeles area residents' "Most Preferred Hospital for All Health Needs" ranking:[26]

Specialty Ranking
Digestive Disorders 10
Cardiology and Cardiac surgery 13
Endocrinology 19
Neurology and Neurosurgery 15
Respiratory Disorders 29
Geriatrics 33
Gynecology 23
Kidney Disease 20
Orthopedics 26
Urology 38

In 2013, Cedars-Sinai Hospital was ranked in 12 specialties by U.S. News & World Report.[23]

Worth Magazine selected Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute as one of the United States’ Top 25 Hospitals for Cardiac Bypass Surgery.[27]

Cedars-Sinai’s Gynecologic Oncology Division was named among the nation’s Top 10 Clinical Centers of Excellence by Contemporary OB/GYN in 2009.[28]

On January 20, 2009, Becker’s ASC Review included Cedars-Sinai in their 15 Hospitals with Great Cardiovascular Programs.[29] The hospital was also included in Becker’s Orthopedic & Spine Review's 18 Hospitals with Great Neurosurgery Programs on September 25, 2009.[30]

Notable staff

  • Jeremy Swan co-invented the pulmonary artery catheter together with William Ganz while at Cedars.[31]
  • Keith Black Department chair of neurosurgery and director of the Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute. Successfully performed over 4,000 brain surgeries and has made significant medical advances relating to neurosurgery.
  • David Ho was a resident at Cedars when he encountered some of the first cases of what was later labelled AIDS.[32]
  • Verne Mason, internist and chairman of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s medical advisory committee. Mason gave the disease sickle cell anemia its name.
  • David Rimoin, Chair of Pediatrics for 18 years, specialized in genetics and was a pioneer researcher in dwarfism and skeletal dysplasia. Together with Michael Kaback, discovered the enzyme screening for Tay Sachs disease, reducing incidences of the deadly disease by 90%.[33]

Notable deaths

  • December 20, 1973: Actor and singer-songwriter Bobby Darin died after a surgical team worked for over six hours to repair his damaged heart.
  • August 19, 1977: Actor and comedian Groucho Marx died of pneumonia.
  • July 12, 1979: Singer-songwriter Minnie Riperton died from metastatic breast cancer.
  • May 16, 1984: Actor and entertainer Andy Kaufman from renal failure that was related to lung cancer.
  • April 26, 1989: Actress and comedienne Lucille Ball died of a dissecting aortic aneurysm.
  • May 20, 1989: SNL comedienne Gilda Radner died of ovarian cancer.
  • July 10, 1989: Mel Blanc, famed voice artist, died from Cardiovascular disease.
  • July 18, 1989: Actress Rebecca Schaeffer was shot at her home by stalker Robert John Bardo, and died a few minutes later in the hospital.
  • October 31, 1993: Actor River Phoenix was pronounced dead at the hospital after a drug overdose at Johnny Depp's Nightclub The Viper Room.
  • February 23, 1995: Temptations bass singer Melvin Franklin died of heart failure after he was admitted following a series of seizures.
  • March 26, 1995: Rapper Eazy-E, real name Eric Lynn Wright, formerly of N.W.A, succumbed to AIDS and died. He had been admitted to the hospital earlier, then announced his condition publicly.
  • March 9, 1997: Rapper Christopher Wallace, also known as The Notorious B.I.G., died as a result of 4 gunshot wounds to the chest and abdomen, suffering internal organ damage and blood loss.
  • May 14, 1998: Singer and film actor Frank Sinatra died from a heart attack.
  • February 7, 2000: Magician Doug Henning died of liver cancer.
  • July 15, 2001: Rapper Anthony Ian Berkeley, also known as Poetic, the founder of Gravediggaz, died of colorectal cancer.
  • July 4, 2003 Barry White
  • August 30, 2003: Actor Charles Bronson died from pneumonia.
  • November 12, 2003: Actor Jonathan Brandis died from injuries after a suicide attempt.
  • January 23, 2005: The Tonight Show host Johnny Carson died of respiratory failure arising from emphysema.
  • February 24, 2006: Actor Don Knotts died from pulmonary/respiratory complications due to pneumonia that was related to lung cancer.
  • December 20, 2009: Actress Brittany Murphy died from cardiac arrest due to pneumonia.
  • March 23, 2011: Actress Elizabeth Taylor died from heart failure. She had been troubled by her health through much of her life.
  • July 8, 2012: Actor Ernest Borgnine died from renal failure.
  • September 3, 2012: Actor Michael Clarke Duncan died from heart complications.
  • February 18, 2013: Los Angeles Lakers' owner Jerry Buss died at age 80 after being hospitalized with an undisclosed form of cancer. His immediate cause of death was listed as kidney failure.

Controversy

According to articles in the Los Angeles Times in 2009, Cedars-Sinai was under investigation for significant radiation overdoses of 206 patients during CT brain perfusion scans during an 18-month period.[34][35] Since the initial investigation, it was found that GE sold several products to various medical centers with faulty radiation monitoring devices.

State regulators had also found that Cedars-Sinai had placed the Quaid twins and others in immediate jeopardy by its improper handling of blood-thinning medication.[36]

In 2011, Cedars-Sinai again created controversy by denying a liver transplant to medical marijuana patient Norman Smith. They removed Mr. Smith from a transplant waiting list for "non-compliance of our substance abuse contract",[37] despite his own oncologist at Cedars-Sinai having recommended that he use the marijuana for his pain and chemotherapy.[38] Dr. Steven D. Colquhoun, director of the Liver Transplant Program, said that the hospital "must consider issues of substance abuse seriously", but the transplant center did not seriously consider whether Mr. Smith was "using" marijuana versus "abusing" it.[39] In 2012, Cedars-Sinai denied a liver transplant to a second patient, Toni Trujillo, after her Cedars-Sinai doctors knew and approved of her legal use of medical marijuana. In both cases, the patients acceded to the hospital's demand and stopped using medical marijuana, despite its therapeutic benefits for them, but were both sent 6 years back to the bottom of the transplant list.[40] Mr. Smith's liver cancer returned after Cedars refused to replace his liver, and he died in July 2012.[41]

References

External links

  • Official Cedars-Sinai website
  • This hospital in the CA Healthcare Atlas A project by OSHPD

Coordinates: 34°04′31″N 118°22′50″W / 34.075198°N 118.380676°W / 34.075198; -118.380676

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