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Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)

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Title: Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)  
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Subject: Congress of the Union, Mexican legislative election, 2009, Timeline of Mexican history, Administrative divisions of Mexico, Mexican general election, 2012
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Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)

Chamber of Deputies
Cámara de Diputados
LXIII Legislature
Seal of the Chamber of Deputies
Type
Type
History
Founded September 28, 1821 (1821-09-28)
Leadership
José de Jesús Zambrano Grijalva (PRD)
Since September 1, 2015 (2015-09-01)
Structure
Seats 500 members
(287 men and 211 women)[2]
Political groups

Government coalition

Opposition parties

Elections
Last election
June 7, 2015
Meeting place
Chamber of Deputies
San Lázaro Legislative Palace
Mexico City
Mexico
Website
Official Website of the Chamber of Deputies

The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, the bicameral legislature of Mexico. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the current constitution.

Contents

  • Composition 1
  • Current Representatives 2
  • Last election 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Composition

The Chamber of Deputies is composed of one federal representative (in Spanish: diputado federal) for every 200,000 citizens. Currently (as of 2006 election) there are 500 deputies.

Of these, 300 "majority deputies" are directly elected by plurality from single-member districts, the federal electoral districts). The remaining 200 "party deputies" are assigned through rules of proportional representation. These seats are not tied to districts; rather, they are allocated to parties based on each party's share of the national vote. The 200 party deputies are intended to counterbalance the sectional interests of the district-based representatives. Substitutes are elected at the same time as each deputy, so special elections are rare.

From 1917 to 2015, deputies were barred from serving consecutive terms in accordance with the Constitution's ban on immediate reelection to the legislature. Thus, the Chamber of Deputies was one of the few legislative bodies in the world that was completely renewed at an election. However, this will change at the 2018 elections; deputies are now permitted to run for reelection. Congressional elections held halfway into the president's six year mandate are known as mid-term elections.

Current Representatives

See Main article: LXIII Legislature of the Mexican Congress

Last election

Party Proportional representation Constituency Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Institutional Revolutionary Party 15,513,478 31.87 49 5,166,531 11.21 164 213 -29
National Action Party 12,620,827 25.92 62 12,550,879 27.24 52 114 -28
Party of the Democratic Revolution 8,996,089 18.48 42 207678 58 100 +38
Ecologist Green Party of Mexico 2,963,718 6.08 15 706,695 1.53 13 28 +6
Labor Party 2,219,228 4.55 10 77233 5 15 +1
New Alliance Party (Mexico) 1,986,538 4.08 10 1,977,185 4.29 0 10 +2
Citizens' Movement 1,943,855 3.99 12 58096 8 20 +14
Party of the Democratic RevolutionCitizens' MovementLabor Party 13,088,355 28.41
Institutional Revolutionary PartyEcologist Green Party of Mexico 12,533,771 27.20
Non-registered candidates 51,473 0.10 51,076 0.11 0
Invalid/blank votes 2,378,731 2,351,092
Total 48,673,937 100 200 48,768,591 100 300 500 0
Registered voters/turnout 77,547,511 62.76 77,547,511 62.44
Source: [1] (IFE)

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^

External links

  • Official website (in Spanish)

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