World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Charles Diggs

Article Id: WHEBN0005627881
Reproduction Date:

Title: Charles Diggs  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ron Dellums, Anna Diggs Taylor, Congressional Black Caucus, List of African-American United States Representatives, United States House of Representatives elections, 1970
Collection: 1922 Births, 1998 Deaths, African-American Members of the United States House of Representatives, African-American Politicians, American Military Personnel of World War II, Baptists from the United States, Censured or Reprimanded Members of the United States House of Representatives, Deaths from Stroke, Fisk University Alumni, Funeral Directors, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Michigan, Michigan Politicians Convicted of Crimes, Michigan Republicans, Michigan State Senators, People from Detroit, Michigan, Politicians Convicted of Mail and Wire Fraud, Politicians from Detroit, Michigan, Republican Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, United States Army Soldiers, University of Michigan Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Charles Diggs

Charles Diggs
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 13th district
In office
January 3, 1955 – June 3, 1980
Preceded by Succeeded by George W. Crockett, Jr.
Member of the Michigan State Senate from the 3rd District
In office
1951–1954
Personal details
Born December 2, 1922
Detroit, Michigan
Died August 24, 1998(1998-08-24) (aged 75)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place

Detroit Memorial Park

Warren, Michigan
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Anna Diggs Taylor (divorced 1971)
Alma mater University of Michigan
Detroit College of Law (1952-52)[1]
Fisk University
Religion Holiness
Military service
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1943-1945
Battles/wars World War II

Charles Coles Diggs, Jr. (December 2, 1922 – August 24, 1998) was an African-American politician from the U.S. state of Michigan. Diggs was an early member of the civil rights movement. He attended the trial of Emmett Till's murderers, and was elected the first chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus.

Diggs resigned from the United States House of Representatives and served 14 months of a three-year sentence for mail fraud, although he maintained his innocence. He was the first African American elected to Congress from Michigan.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Political career 2
  • Corruption 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life

Born in Detroit, Charles was the only child of Mayme E. Jones Diggs, and Charles Diggs, Sr. He attended the University of Michigan, Detroit College of Law (1952-52) and Fisk University.[1] and served in the United States Army from 1943 to 1945. After his discharge, Diggs worked as a funeral director. He served as a member of the Michigan State Senate from the 3rd district 1951-54, just as his father had from 1937 to 1944.

He was rooted in his family's business, the House of Diggs, which at one time was said to be Michigan's largest funeral home.[2]

Political career

In 1954, Diggs defeated incumbent Democratic Party primary elections for Michigan’s 13th congressional district. He went on to win the general election to the 84th Congress and was subsequently re-elected to the next twelve Congresses, serving from January 3, 1955, until his resignation June 3, 1980.

The first African American to be elected to Congress in Michigan, Diggs made significant contributions to the struggle for civil rights. In April 1955, he gave a well received speech to a crowd of about 10,000 in Mound Bayou, Mississippi, at the annual conference of the Regional Council of Negro Leadership (RCNL), probably the largest civil rights group in the state. His host was the RCNL's leader, Dr. T.R.M. Howard, a wealthy black surgeon and entrepreneur.[3]

The same year that he was sworn in to congress, Diggs received national attention as the only congressman to attend and monitor the trial of the accused killers of Emmett Till, a black teenager from Chicago who was murdered during a trip to the state. The outrage generated by the case gave a tremendous momentum to the emerging civil rights movement. Although he was a member of Congress, the sheriff did not exempt him from Jim Crow treatment. Diggs had to sit at a small table along with black reporters.[3] Following the trial, he continued the fight for justice, calling upon President Eisenhower to call a special session of congress to consider civil rights.[4]

In 1969, Diggs was appointed to the post of Chairman of the Subcommittee on Africa of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, where he strongly advocated ending Apartheid in South Africa. He was a committed publicist for the liberation cause in South Africa, and his 'Action Manifesto' (1972) displayed his support for the armed struggle against Apartheid. In it, Diggs criticized the United States government for decrying the use of such violence when it failed to condemn measures used by the South African government to subjugate the majority of its own people.[5]

Diggs was additionally a founding member and the first chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus, a group of African American representatives and senators working to address the needs and rights of black constituents. While chairman, Diggs successfully led a caucus boycott of President Nixon's State of the Union Address, following Nixon's refusal to meet to discuss issues relevant to African Americans.[6] This and similar work contributed to Diggs being named on the Master list of Nixon political opponents.

Corruption

In March 1978, Diggs was charged with taking kickbacks from staff whose salaries he raised. He was convicted on October 7, 1978, on 11 counts of mail fraud[7] and filing false payroll forms. Diggs insisted he had done nothing wrong, and was re-elected while awaiting sentencing. He was censured by the House on July 31, 1979, and resigned from Congress June 3, 1980.[7] He was sentenced to three years in prison and served 14 months.

He was a member of Mt. Sinai Holy Church of America founded by Bishop-Mother Ida Robinson.

Diggs died of a stroke at Greater Southeast Community Hospital in Washington, D.C.. He is interred at Detroit Memorial Park in Warren, Michigan.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b "Diggs, Charles C., Jr. (1922-1998)". Martin Luther King Jr. And the Global Struggle for Freedom. Retrieved May 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ Pearson, Richard, Staff Writer (August 26, 1998). "Charles Diggs Dies at 75".  
  3. ^ a b David T. Beito and Linda Royster Beito, Black Maverick: T.R.M. Howard's Fight for Civil Rights and Economic Power (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009) ISBN 0-252-03420-1.
  4. ^ Congressional Record, V. 144, PT. 14, September 9, 1998 to September 21, 1998
  5. ^ James Sanders, South Africa and the International Media (London, 2000).
  6. ^ Clemons, M.L. (2010). African Americans in Global Affairs: Contemporary Perspectives. University Press of New England.
  7. ^ a b Rudin, Ken (2007-06-06). "The Equal-Opportunity Culture of Corruption". NPR.org. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  8. ^ Warikoo, Niraj. "Advocate of civil rights in Congress". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on February 3, 1999. 

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
1955 – 1980
United States Representative for the 13th Congressional District of Michigan
Succeeded by
George W. Crockett, Jr.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.