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Charles III of Navarre

Charles III
Festivities attending Charles being crowned in Pamplona, from the contemporary Grandes Chroniques de France
King of Navarre
Reign 1387 - 1425
Predecessor Charles II
Successor Blanche I
Born 1361
Mantes-la-Jolie
Died 8 September 1425(1425-09-08)
Palacio Real de Olite
Burial Pamplona Cathedral
Spouse Eleanor of Castile
Issue
more...
Joanna of Navarre
Blanche I of Navarre
Isabella of Navarre
Beatrice of Navarre
House House of Évreux
Father Charles II of Navarre
Mother Joan of Valois
Religion Roman Catholicism

Charles III (1361 – 8 September 1425), called the Noble, was King of Navarre from 1387 to his death and Count of Évreux from 1387 to 1404, when he exchanged it for the title Duke of Nemours.[1] He spent his reign improving the infrastructure of his kingdom, restoring Navarre's pride after the dismal reign of his father, Charles the Bad, and mending strained relations with France.

Charles III was born at Mantes-la-Jolie. He married Eleanor, daughter of Henry II of Castile, in 1375, putting an end to the conflict between Castile and Navarre.[2]

As king, his politics were peace with France, Castile, Aragon, and England, support for the Avignon Papacy, and matrimonial alliance. He collaborated with Castile in a war on the Kingdom of Granada. By the Treaty of Paris, he abandoned his claims to Champagne and Brie and made peace with France.[1]

In 1413, he created the Cort, a sort of supreme court. He created the title Prince of Viana for the heir to the throne, entitling his grandson Charles in 1423. He was a patron of the arts and he finished construction on the great Gothic Cathedral of Pamplona. When it comes to Navarre's home policy, he decreed the watershed unification of Pamplona's boroughs in 1423, after over three centuries of division and rivalry. He also built the royal palace at Tafalla and the Palacio Real de Olite, where he died in 1425.

His sister Joanna married Henry IV of England.[3]

Tomb of Charles III in the Cathedral of Pamplona.

Contents

  • Issue 1
  • Ancestry 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Issue

Charles and Eleanor's children were:

  • Beatrice (1392–1412), married to James II, Count of La Marche, and had issue
  • Maria (1388–1425), died unmarried and childless
  • Margaret (1390–1403), died unmarried and childless
  • Charles (1397–1402), Prince of Viana
  • Louis (1402), Prince of Viana

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ a b "Charles III". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 25 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Darst, David H. (2002). "Leonor de Navarra (1350-1415), Queen of Navarre". In Pérez, Janet; Ihrie, Maureen. The Feminist Encyclopedia of Spanish Literature: A-M. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved 25 December 2014. 
  3. ^ Valente, Claire (2002). "Joan of Navarre (c.13750-1437)". In Fritze, Ronald H.; Robison, William Baxter. Historical Dictionary of Late Medieval England, 1272-1485. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved 25 December 2014. 

External links

Charles III of Navarre
Born: 1361 Died: 8 September 1425
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles II
King of Navarre
1387–1425
Succeeded by
Blanche I & John II
Count of Évreux
1387–1404
French royal domain


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