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Chaves County, New Mexico

Chaves County, New Mexico
Seal of Chaves County, New Mexico
Seal
Map of New Mexico highlighting Chaves County
Location in the state of New Mexico
Map of the United States highlighting New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
Founded February 25, 1889
Named for José Francisco Chaves
Seat Roswell
Largest city Roswell
Area
 • Total 6,075 sq mi (15,734 km2)
 • Land 6,065 sq mi (15,708 km2)
 • Water 9.8 sq mi (25 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 65,645
 • Density 11/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website .us.nm.chavesco

Chaves County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,645.[1] Its county seat is Roswell.[2] Chaves County was named for Colonel Jose Francisco Chaves, a military leader here during the U.S. Civil War and later in Navajo campaigns. Created by Territorial Legislature, February 25, 1889, out of land from the county of Lincoln.

Chaves County comprises the Roswell, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • Geography 1
    • Adjacent counties 1.1
    • National protected areas 1.2
  • Demographics 2
    • 2010 2.1
    • 2000 2.2
  • Politics 3
  • Communities 4
    • City 4.1
    • Towns 4.2
    • Census-designated place 4.3
    • Unincorporated communities 4.4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,075 square miles (15,730 km2), of which 6,065 square miles (15,710 km2) is land and 9.8 square miles (25 km2) (0.2%) is water.[3] It is the fourth-largest county in New Mexico by area.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

2010

Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:

2000

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 61,382 people, 22,561 households, and 16,085 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 25,647 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.95% White, 1.97% Black or African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 21.25% from other races, and 3.12% from two or more races. 43.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 22,561 households out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.70% were married couples living together, 13.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,513, and the median income for a family was $32,532. Males had a median income of $26,896 versus $21,205 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,990. About 17.60% of families and 21.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.10% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Chaves County is a Republican stronghold. No Democratic candidate has won office in Chaves County since Lyndon Johnson's landslide victory of 1964. Even in that election, Johnson took Chaves County by only 1.3 percent.[10]

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2008 61.7% 37.1% 1.2%
2004 68.1% 31.0% 0.9%
2000 62.7% 34.9% 1.7%
1996 53.9% 37.9% 6.9%
1992 46.9% 33.7% 19.0%
1988 65.8% 33.1% 1.0%
1984 73.4% 25.7% 1.0%
1980 67.2% 28.8% 1.1%
1976 59.3% 39.8% 0.9%
1972 70.9% 26.5% 2.6%
1968 63.6% 25.9% 0.3%
1964 49.2% 50.5% 0.3%
1960 59.1% 40.4% 0.6%

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  10. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/index.html
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