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Chemung County

 

Chemung County

Chemung County, New York
Seal of Chemung County, New York
Seal
New York
Template:Infobox U.S. county/map
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded March 29, 1836
Seat Elmira
Area
 • Total 411 sq mi (1,064 km2)
 • Land 408 sq mi (1,057 km2)
 • Water 3 sq mi (8 km2), 0.64%
Population
 • (2010) 88,830
 • Density 218/sq mi (84/km²)
Congressional district Template:Infobox U.S. county/district, Template:Infobox U.S. county/district, Template:Infobox U.S. county/district
Time zone Template:Infobox U.S. county/timezone
Template:Infobox U.S. county/timezone
Website

Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. It is part of the 'Elmira, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Chemung County. As of the 2010 census, the population was 88,830.[1] Its name is derived from the name of a Delaware Indian village (meaning "big horn"). Its county seat is Elmira. Many signs posted along roads in Chemung County refer to the area as "Mark Twain Country" because of the many years the author lived and wrote in Elmira.

History

For the history of Chemung County prior to its creation by partition, see Tioga County, New York.

Chemung County was formed from 520 square miles (1,300 km2) of Tioga County in 1836.[2]

In 1854, Chemung County was divided and 110 square miles (280 km2) became Schuyler County, reducing Chemung to 410 square miles (1,100 km2), its current size.[3]

Notable People

Geography

Chemung County is in the southwestern part of New York State, along the Pennsylvania border, in a part of New York called the Southern Tier and is also part of the Finger Lakes Region.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 411 square miles (1,064.5 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,056.7 km2) is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.64%) is water.[4]

The Southern Tier Expressway runs through the County east-west near the Pennsylvania border, between Waverly, New York and Corning, New York via Elmira, New York.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • New York State Route 17 (Southern Tier Expressway)
  • New York State Route 13
  • New York State Route 14
  • New York State Route 34
  • New York State Route 223
  • New York State Route 328
  • New York State Route 352
  • New York State Route 367
  • New York State Route 414
  • New York State Route 427

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
184020,732
185028,82139.0%
186026,917−6.6%
187035,28131.1%
188043,06522.1%
189048,26512.1%
190054,06312.0%
191054,6621.1%
192065,87220.5%
193074,68013.4%
194073,718−1.3%
195086,82717.8%
196098,70613.7%
1970101,5372.9%
198097,656−3.8%
199095,195−2.5%
200091,070−4.3%
201088,830−2.5%
Est. 201288,9110.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

At of the 2000 Spanish as their first language.

There were 35,049 households of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 12.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97.

Age distribution was 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median household income was $36,415, and the median family income was $43,994. Males had a median income of $35,076 versus $24,215 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,264. About 9.10% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Before 1974, Chemung County was governed by a board of supervisors. On January 1, 1974, executive and legislative powers were split between a county executive and a 15-seat legislature.[12] All 15 members are elected from single member districts.

Chemung County Executives
Name Party Term
John H. Hazlett Republican January 1, 1974 – 1975
Morris E. Blostein Republican 1975–1979
Stanley Benjamin Republican 1979–1983
Robert G. Densberger Republican 1983–1991
G. Thomas Tranter, Jr. Republican 1991–2000
Thomas J. Santulli Republican 2000 –

In presidential elections Chemung County tends to vote Republican. It voted for George W. Bush in 2004 by a 10.85% margin. In 2008 the margin was much closer, but still gave John McCain a 1.23% win over Barack Obama. In 2012 Mitt Romney carried the county by 2.33%.

Cities, towns, villages, and other locations

Towns

Cities, villages and hamlets

Education

Education in Chemung County is provided by various private and public institutions. High school students and adults have access to GST BOCES.[13] BOCES provides vocation-style training in a wide range of fields as well as adult education.

Public School Districts

Private Schools

Higher Education

Public libraries

Chemung County Library District

  • Steele Memorial Library
  • Horseheads Free Library
  • Big Flats Library
  • West Elmira Library
  • Van Etten Library
  • Chemung County Bookmobile[24]

Other

  • Elmira Corning regional Airport

See also

New York portal

References

  • New York: Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; Compiled by Kathryn Ford Thorne and Edited by John H. Long.

External links

  • Chemung County, New York site
  • Chemung County Chamber of Commerce
  • Early brief history of Chemung County
  • Elmira College
  • Chemung County Library District
  • DMOZ
  • Matthias Hollenback, Revolutionary War soldier, merchant in early Elmira, judge

Coordinates: 42°08′N 76°46′W / 42.14°N 76.76°W / 42.14; -76.76

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