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Chhatarpur

Chhatarpur
city
Chhatarpur is located in Madhya Pradesh
Chhatarpur
Coordinates:
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Chhatarpur
Named for Chhatrasal
Area
 • Total 50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation 305 m (1,001 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 147 669
 • Density 2,554/km2 (6,610/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 471001
Telephone code 07682
Vehicle registration MP-16
Sex ratio 920 /
Website .in.nicchhatarpur

Chhatarpur is a city and a municipality in Chhatarpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Chhatarpur District.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Rajas 1.1
    • Maharajas 1.2
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Economy 4
  • Administration 5
  • Scenery 6
  • Education 7
  • Transport 8
  • Radio and television station 9
  • Notable people 10
  • Tourism 11
  • References 12
  • Bibliography 13
  • External links 14

History

Flag of Princely Chhatarpur

Chhatarpur was founded in 1785 and is named after the Bundela Rajput leader Chhatrasal, the founder of Bundelkhand independence, and contains his cenotaph. The state was ruled by his descendants until 1785. At that time the Ponwar clan of the Rajputs took control of Chhatarpur. The state was guaranteed to Kunwar Sone Singh Ponwar[1] in 1806 by the British Raj. In 1854 Chhatarpur would have lapsed to the British government for want of direct heirs under the doctrine of lapse, but was conferred on Jagat Raj as a special act of grace. The Ponwar Rajas ruled a princely state with an area of 1,118 square miles (2,900 km2), and population of 156,139 in 1901, which was part of the Bundelkhand agency of Central India.

In 1901 the town of Chhatarpur had a population of 10,029, a high school and manufactured paper and coarse cutlery. The state also contained the British cantonment of Nowgaon.[2]

Rajas

  • 1785 -1816 Kunwar Sone Shah(d. 1816)
  • 1816 -1854 Partab Singh(d. 1854)
  • 1854 -1867 Jaghat Singh(b. 1846 - d. 1867)
  • 1867 -1895 Vishvanath Singh(b. 1866 - d. 1932)

Maharajas

  • (4 May 1649 – 20 December 1731) Maharaja Chhatrasal
  • 1895-1932 Vishvanath Singh(b. 1866 - d. 1932)
  • 1932-1947 Bhawani Singh(b. 1921 - d. 2006)[3]

After the independence of India in 1947, the Rajas of Chhatarpur acceded to India, and Chhatarpur, together with the rest of Bundelkhand, became part of the Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh. Vindhya Pradesh was later merged into the state of Madhya Pradesh in 1956.

Geography

Chhatarpur is located at .[4] It has an average elevation of 305 metres (1000 feet). It is located on the far north-east border of Madhya Pradesh, sharing its borders with the Banda district of Uttar Pradesh. It is 133 km from Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh and 233 km from Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh.

Panorama of Chhatarpur

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[5] Chhatarpur had a population of 99,519. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Chhatarpur has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 62%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy

There is no large scale industry in Chhatarpur apart from a few small scale industries available, but these industries are not sufficient for giving enough employment for local people. The economy is mostly dependent on farming. The city however, has a growing private commercial sector, mainly retail businesses. There are many granite mining industries operating in Chhatarpur district.

Administration

Chhatarpur Police is a Law enforcing unit of MP Police which protects the world heritage monument "KHAJURAHO GROUP OF TEMPLES". District is divided in to 5 police subdivisions,with 34 Police Stations and 21 out posts.

Scenery

Peetambara Mandir is located on the Satai Road.

Peetambara Mandir

Hanuman Toria is located at western part of town.

Education

Most of the colleges in Chhatarpur district are affiliated to University of Sagar, which is also known as Dr. Hari Singh Gaur University Sagar. They offer graduation and post graduation courses in the faculties of Arts, Science, Commerce, Education and Law. Government Maharaja P.G. College, Government Girls P.G. College , Vidyawati Chaturvedi Siksha Mahavidyalaya, Veerangna avanti bai college also offers doctorate (PhD) programs in Arts and Science faculties. An engineering college has been opened in Chhatarpur in 2010 which is affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi Technical University Bhopal.

Schools
  1. Christian English College (First ICSE School in Madhya Pradesh founded in year 1976.)
  2. Saraswati H S School
  3. Kendriya Vidyalaya
  4. Sanmati Vidya Mandir
  5. Maharishi Vidya Mandir
  6. Care English School
  7. Saint Joan English School
  8. Sanskar Public School
  9. Joyti Public School
  10. Shealing Public School
  11. Govt Excellence School
  12. Maria Mata Cconvent High School
  13. Delight English School
  14. Rani Durgawati Hr. Sec. School
Colleges
  1. Govt. Maharaja College Chhatarpur
  2. Govt. Girls College Chhatarpur
  3. Vidyawati Chaturvedi Siksha Mahavidyalaya B.ed
  4. Saraswati College Of Computer Science
  5. Takshshila Mahavidhyalaya
  6. Master Mind Computer Academy, Chaubey Colony, Chhatarpur(M.P.)
  7. Digital Degree College
Engineering Colleges
  1. Pandit Dev Prabhakar Institute of Technology,
  2. Pandit Dev Prabhakar Shashtri College of Engineering
  3. Digital Institute of Science & Technology
Law College
  1. Pt. Motilal Nehru Law College [6]
Pharmacy College
  1. Dakhsh Institute for Pharmacy
Homeopathic Medical College
  1. Swami Pranavananda Homeopathic Medical College & Hospital[7]
University
  1. Maharaja Chhatrasal Bundelkhand University (Under Construction)[8]

Transport

Chhatarpur can be reached by road & railways. The nearest railway stations are at Khajuraho (45 km), Harpalpur (55 km) Jhansi (125 km), Mauranipur (65  km) and Satna (140 km).The railway station of Chhatarpur is under construction and trains will start operating in 2016.

Radio and television station

Chhatarpur has got its own radio station of All India Radio (आकाशवाणी) under Prasar Bharati. It transmits at 675 kHz. Chhatarpur also has a Doordarshan's Hi power transmitter for TV which is located at Deri Road.

Notable people

Babu Ram Chaturvedi

Vidyawati Chaturvedi

Satyavrat Chaturvedi

Anjana Chaturvedi

Tourism

  • Khajuraho
  • Dhubela, A Museum 15 km from Chhatarpur
  • Dehlaan, A well fortified watch tower surrounded by a thick wall of around more than 25 km long. More than 1000 years Old. In Barigarh, a small nagar panchayat near Lavkush Nagar.
  • Jatashankar, A holy place Near Bijawar
  • Bhimkund, A beautiful place for Natural water tank. Near to Bajna.
  • Raneh Fall, The only waterfall in Asia having Igneous Rock. It's is around 17 km from Khajuraho
  • Hanuman Tauria, A Hanuman tample
  • Bambar Baini, Ancient temple of maa Durga on a hill in Lavkushnagar
  • Panna National Park, near Panna district
  • Pandav Falls, close to Khajuraho, Pandavas said to have sought shelter here during exile
  • Hanuman Mandir, Famous temple of Hanuman on a hill in Lavkushnagar
  • Atara Sarkar, A holy place Near Chhatarpur
  • Satna, A small beautiful village, 20 km away from Dist HQ- on NH-75 (Panna-Road), it got nice small river and wheat fields.

References

  1. ^ [2]
  2. ^  
  3. ^ "Indian states before 1947 A-J". Rulers.org. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 
  4. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Chhatarpur". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  6. ^ "http://www.lawcollegechp.com/". 
  7. ^ "http://sphmedicalcollege.com/". 
  8. ^ "http://mchhatrasaluniversity.com/index.php". 

Bibliography

  • J. R. Ackerley, Hindoo Holiday, NYRB Classics, ISBN 978-0-940322-25-7

External links

  • Chhatarpur official website by MP Govt.
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