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Chickasaw County, Mississippi

Chickasaw County, Mississippi
East façade of Chickasaw County Court House
Map of Mississippi highlighting Chickasaw County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1836
Named for Chickasaw people
Seat Houston and Okolona
Largest city Houston
Area
 • Total 504 sq mi (1,305 km2)
 • Land 502 sq mi (1,300 km2)
 • Water 2.5 sq mi (6 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 17,392
 • Density 35/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .com.chickasawcomswww

Chickasaw County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,392.[1] Its county seats are Houston and Okolona.[2] The county is named for the Chickasaw people, who lived in this area for hundreds of years. Most were removed to Indian Territory in the 1830s, but some remained and became citizens of the state and United States.

Early in the 20th century, the first agricultural high school in Mississippi opened in the unincorporated community of Buena Vista. Cully Cobb, a pioneer of southern agriculture, long-term farm publisher, and an official of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration in Washington, D.C., was the superintendent of the school from 1908-1910.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Civil War 1.1
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
    • National protected areas 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Communities 4
    • Cities 4.1
    • Towns 4.2
    • Villages 4.3
    • Unincorporated communities 4.4
  • Famous residents 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7

History

The County was created in 1836 by Mississippi Legislature and was quickly settled by Americans from the East Coast. By the time of the Civil War there were many large cotton plantations and the slave population had grown larger than the free population.[4]

Civil War

The Civil War devastated the economy and to some degree the infrastructure of the county. Newly freed slaves had little resources or skills to provide for themselves and many white families who were dependent on the cotton economy were destitute. Farmers diversified crops and the economy showed very slow improvement.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 504 square miles (1,310 km2), of which 502 square miles (1,300 km2) is land and 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 17,392 people residing in the county. 54.0% were White, 42.1% Black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 2.5% of some other race and 1.0% of two or more races. 3.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 19,440 people, 7,253 households, and 5,287 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 7,981 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 56.89% White, 41.26% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 2.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the census[11] of 2000, the largest ancestry groups in Chickasaw County were English 44.1%, African 41% and Scots-Irish 13.5%.

There were 7,253 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.80% were married couples living together, 18.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.10% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,364, and the median income for a family was $33,819. Males had a median income of $25,459 versus $20,099 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,279. About 16.80% of families and 20.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 22.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Famous residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "The Founders of the Cobb Institute of Archaeology". Mississippi State University. Retrieved July 16, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Chickasaw County History". msgw.org. Retrieved October 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  

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