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Chitose, Hokkaido

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Title: Chitose, Hokkaido  
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Subject: United States Forces Japan, Hokkaido, 7th Division (Japan), Ishikari Subprefecture, New Chitose Airport
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Chitose, Hokkaido

Chitose (千歳市 Chitose-shi) is a city located in Ishikari Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan, and home to the New Chitose Airport, the biggest international airport in Hokkaido and closest airport to Sapporo, as well as the neighboring Chitose Air Base.

As of 2008, the city has an estimated population of 92,323 and a population density of 155 persons per km2. The total area is 594.95 km2. The city was founded on July 1, 1958.

The city is notable for having a Peace Pagoda, built by the Japanese Buddhist order Nipponzan Myohoji in 1978.

A street in front of Chitose Station
City office

Geography

Chitose is one of the gateways to the Shikotsu-Toya National Park, Lake Shikotsu and Mount Tarumae. The city is bounded by Eniwa in the north and by Tomakomai in the south.

Origin of the name

In the Ainu language Chitose was originally called shikot, meaning big depression or hollow, like Lake Shikotsu a caldera lake. To the Japanese, this sounded too much like dead bones (死骨 shikotsu) , so it was changed to Chitose.[1]

History

  • 1880: The village of Chitose (consisting of a merger of the localities of Chitose, Osatsu, Usakumai, Rankoshi, Izari, Shimamatsu) is established.
  • 1897: The village of Eniwa (consisting of the localities of Izari and Shimamatsu) (now a city) splits off.
  • 1915: Chitose (consisting of the localities of Chitose, Osatsu, Usakumai, Rankoshi) becomes a Second Class Municipality.
  • 1939: Chitose becomes a First Class Municipality.
  • 1942: Chitose promoted to town status.
  • Post World War II - Chitose hosts a US Air Force base.
  • July 1, 1958: Chitose promotes to city status.

Climate

The hottest and coldest temperatures, respectively, ever recorded are 34.2 °C and -30.7 °C.

Source: Japan Meteorological Agency,New Chitose Aviation Weather Station[2]|}

Economy

China Airlines operates its Sapporo office on the third floor of the airport building.[3]

The airline Hokkaido Air System was at one time headquartered at the New Chitose Airport in Chitose.[4] Now its head office is on the property of Okadama Airport in Higashi-ku, Sapporo.[5]

Transport

Air

Rail

Muroran Main Lineruns through the east of the city but there is no station.

Road

Chitose is accessed by two expressways with an interchange in the west and another in the north on a separate expressway and the Chitose-Eniwa Junction connecting with the Eastern Hokkaido Expressway in the northwest. Chitose is also linked by National Route 36, National Route 274, National Route 276, National Route 337, and National Route 453.

Education

Chitose also has a university, two high schools, 18 junior high schools, and 10 elementary schools.

Universities

High schools

  • Hokkaido Chitose High School
  • Hokkaido Chitose Hokuyou High School

Twinnings

Chitose has sister cityrelationships with:[6]

References

External links


Climate data for Chitose (1981~2010年)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

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