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Chongming County

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Title: Chongming County  
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Chongming County

Chongming County
崇明县
County
Nanmen Port in Chengqiao, the county seat and largest town on Chongming.
Nanmen Port in Chengqiao, the county seat and largest town on Chongming.
Location within Shanghai(Note that this map does not display either  or )
Location within Shanghai
(Note that this map does not display either Haiyong or Qilong)
Coordinates:
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Shanghai
Area
 • Total 1,411 km2 (545 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 704,000
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 202100
Area code 021
Website .cn.gov.shcmx

 Chongming   County, is the only county in the provincial-level municipality of Shanghai in China. The county consists of three low-lying inhabited alluvial islands at the mouth of the Yangtze north of the Shanghai peninsula: Chongming, Changxing, and Hengsha. Following its massive expansion in the 20th century, Chongming is now the 2nd-largest island administered by the People's Republic of China and the 3rd-largest in Greater China, after Taiwan and Hainan. The county does not, however, administer all of the Chongming: owing to its continual expansion from sediment deposited by the Yangtze, it has merged with formerly separate islands and now includes Jiangsu province's pene-exclave townships of Haiyong and Qilong. The county proper covers an area of 1,411 kilometers (877 mi) and had a population of 704 000 at the time of the 2010 Chinese census.

The Three Gorges Dam.

Chongming County
Traditional Chinese 崇明縣
Simplified Chinese 崇明县
Postal Tsungming County

Contents

  • History 1
  • Landmarks and Tour 2
  • Towns 3
  • Transportation 4
  • Sports 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Present-day Chongming first developed as two separate Yangzhou.[1] Owing to the shifting sands of the islands, however, the county seat needed to be repeatedly moved.[2]

During the late Yuan and early Ming, the sparsely-inhabited shoals of the area began to fill with migrants from Pudong and other areas of Songjiang Prefecture. These immigrants introduced cotton cultivation, which spread widely prior to China's opening to international trade in the later Qing. There was small-scale textile production in the area, but most was exported for use in Songjiang, Hangzhou, and other more developed areas of Jiangnan.[3] In the 2nd year of Hongwu (1396) under the Ming, the prefecture was elevated to a county[1] but, shortly afterwards, a major subsidence provoked a mass emigration back to the mainland.[3] This county was later placed in Suzhou and then Taicang Prefectures.[1] The unification of over 30 shoals in 1681 was effectively the creation of the present-day Chongming, although it remained much smaller at the time.[2]

Under the Nantong and then the Songjiang Special Administration District. Nine years after the establishment of the People's Republic of China, it was placed under the municipality of Shanghai in December 1958.[1] Reclamation, particularly large-scale work on the island's northern and eastern tidal flats in the 1960s and ’90s, doubled the size of Chongming between 1950 and 2010.[2] Dongtan was a proposed ecocity which was planned to open along with the 2010 World Expo in Shanghai but stalled following the 2006 ouster of Shanghai mayor Chen Liangyu.[4][5]

Landmarks and Tour

Dongping National Forest Park is located in the county, as are the Dongtan Nature Reserve, the Chongxi Wetland Park,[2] and the Chongming National Geological Park.[1] With its unspoiled environment, Chongming Island is one-of-a-kind destination great for eco-tours and restorative vacations. The county runs two 4A-class attractions and four 3A-class attractions. The tourism of the island focuses on three zones[6] - East Chongming, Central Chongming and West Chongming. East Chongming features Dongtan Wetland Park and agritainment options in Yingdong Village and Nanjiang Village. Central Chongming features Dongping National Forest Park, agritainment options at Qianwei Village, Gaojia Zhuangyuan and Ruihua Orchard, Genbao Football Base, Chongming Xuegong (Chongming Museum), Jinaoshan Park, Shou’an Temple and Sanmin Cultural Village. West Chongming offers Mingzhu Lake Park, Xiling Resort, Xisha Wetland and agritainment at Lugang Village.

Towns

The seat and largest settlement of Chongming County is the town of Chengqiao on Chongming. There are 227 communities and villages in the county,[1] administered as 16 towns and 2 townships.

Changxing Island is administered as a single town, also named Changxing. Other town-level divisions of Chongming include (from northwest to southeast): Xinhai, Lühua, Sanxing, Miao, Dongping, Gangxi, Jianshe, Xinhe, Shuxin, Gangyan, Bu, Xianghua, Zhongxing, Chenjia.[7]

Hengsha Island is administered as a single township, also named Hengsha and Xincun. The other township-level division of Chongming are Qianwei Farm, Dongping Forestry Zone, and Shangshixiandai Agricultural Park.

To its southeast along the northern shore is the township of Haiyong; southeast of Haimen is Qilong. Both of these are pene-exclaves of Jiangsu; they are administered from Haimen and Qidong, respectively.

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Shanghainese Romanization Population (2010)[8]
Chengqiao Town 城桥镇 Chéngqiáo Zhèn zen djio tzen 113,442
Bu Town 堡镇 Bǎozhèn phu tzen 60,111
Xinhe Town 新河镇 Xīnhé Zhèn sin wu tzen 42,737
Miao Town 庙镇 Miàozhèn mio tzen 45,926
Shuxin Town 竖新镇 Shùxīn Zhèn zyu sin tzen 40,823
Xianghua Town 向化镇 Xiànghuà Zhèn xian hau tzen 26,265
Sanxing Town 三星镇 Sānxīng Zhèn se sin tzen 29,894
Gangyan Town 港沿镇 Gǎngyán Zhèn kaon yi tzen 40,741
Zhongxing Town 中兴镇 Zhōngxìng Zhèn tzon xin tzen 25,274
Chenjia Town 陈家镇 Chénjiā Zhèn dzen ka tzen 53,996
Lühua Town 绿华镇 Lǜhuá Zhèn oq rau tzen 7,061
Gangxi Town 港西镇 Gǎngxī Zhèn kaon sij tzen 23,416
Jianshe Town 建设镇 Jiànshè Zhèn ci seq tzen 27,466
Xinhai Town 新海镇 Xīnhǎi Zhèn sin he tzen 11,646
Dongping Town 东平镇 Dōngpíng Zhèn ton bin tzen 15,112
Changxing Town 长兴镇 Chángxìng Zhèn tzan xin tzen 99,134
Xincun Township 新村乡 Xīncūn Xiāng sin tsen xian 9,581
Hengsha Township 横沙乡 Héngshā Xiāng wan sau xian 27,916
Qianwei Farm 前卫农场 Qiánwèi Nóngchǎng dzi we non dzan 1,695
Dongping Forest Park 东平林场 Dōngpíng Línchǎng ton bin lin dzan 35
Shangshi Contemporary Agricultural Park 上实现代农业园区 Shàngshí Xiàndài Nóngyè Yuánqū zaon dzeq yi de non gniq yeu chiu 1,451

Transportation

Whereas the county was previously only connected to the mainland by ferry service, the Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel now connects Changxing Island with Pudong in Shanghai, while the Shanghai Yangtze Bridge connects it with Chongming Island. Chongming is presently connected with Jiangsu by the Chongqi Bridge and these three bridges and tunnels form part of the Hushan Expressway connecting northern Shanghai with Xi'an in central China. The Chonghai Bridge connecting western Chongming with Haimen in Jiangsu is under construction.

Hengsha Island is connected via ferry. 18 ferries continue to operate in the county. On Chongming, Chengqiao's Nanmen Port offers service to Shidongkou and Baoyang Rd in Baoshan and to Liuhegang in southern Jiangsu; Xinhai's Niupeng Harbor to Qinglonggang in Haimen;[9] and other ports offer connections with Wusong and the two other islands of the county.[1]

The major arteries running along the length of Chongming Island are the Beiyan Highway on the north side and Chenhai Highway on the south. Another 38 highways cross the island. The main artery along the length of Changxing Island is the Panyuan Highway, while Fengle Road runs north and south across central Hengsha Island. There are 41 bus lines in Chongming County, connecting over 98% of its 227 communities.[1]

Sports

The Tour of Chongming Island International Cycling Race has been held on Chongming Island since 2007. It is held annually and includes a stage race and an UCI Women's Road World Cup race for elite women's.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j , pp. 50 ff.Encyclopedia of Shanghai"Chongming County" in the Shanghai Scientific & Technical Publishers (Shanghai), 2010. Hosted by the Municipality of Shanghai.
  2. ^ a b c d e , p. 52.Encyclopedia of Shanghai"Chongming Island" in the
  3. ^ a b c Walker, Kathy Le Mons. , pp. 52 ff.Chinese Modernity and the Peasant Path: Semicolonialism in the Northern Yangzi Delta"The View from the Periphery: Tongzhou and the Northern Delta" in Stanford University Press (Stanford), 1999.
  4. ^ Montlake, Simon. "In China, Overambition Reins in Eco-City Plans" in the Christian Science Monitor. 23 Dec 2008. Accessed 10 Jan 2015.
  5. ^ Fox, Jesse. "Dongtan, China's Flagship Ecocity Project, R.I.P." Treehugger, 5 Jan 2009. Accessed 10 Jan 2015.
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Shanghai Chongming Industrial Zone". Shanghai Municipal Government, 2015.

External links

  • The official website of Chongming County (Chinese)
  • The official English-language website of Chongming County
  • "Chongming County" in the Encyclopedia of Shanghai, hosted by the Shanghai Municipal Government
  • 崇明县 at Baidu Baike (Chinese)
  • 崇明县 at Hudong Baike (Chinese)
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