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Civitanova Marche

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Civitanova Marche

Civitanova Marche
Comune
Comune di Civitanova Marche
Palazzo Cesarini-Sforza, the Townhall of Civitanova Marche, decorated for the Christmas feasts
Palazzo Cesarini-Sforza, the Townhall of Civitanova Marche, decorated for the Christmas feasts
Coat of arms of Civitanova Marche
Coat of arms
Civitanova Marche is located in Italy
Civitanova Marche
Location of Civitanova Marche in Italy
Coordinates:
Country Italy
Region Marche
Province Macerata (MC)
Frazioni Civitanova Alta, Fontespina, Santa Maria Apparente, Risorgimento, San Marone, Maranello
Government
 • Mayor Tommaso Claudio Corvatta (PD)
Area
 • Total 45.8 km2 (17.7 sq mi)
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (Jun. 2012)[1]
 • Total 41,205
 • Density 900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Civitanovesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 62012
Dialing code 0733
Patron saint San Marone
Saint day August 18
Website Official website

Civitanova Marche is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Macerata in the Italian region Marche, located about 40 kilometres (25 miles) southeast of Ancona and about 25 km (16 mi) east of Macerata.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Demographic evolution 3
  • International relations 4
    • Twin towns - Sister cities 4.1
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Geography

Civitanova Marche borders the following municipalities: Montecosaro, Porto Sant'Elpidio, Potenza Picena and Sant'Elpidio a Mare.

History

View of the bayside of Civitanova Marche

Civitanova was founded probably around the 8th century BC as Cluana by the Piceni Italic tribe, at the mouth of the Chienti river. The Romans captured it in 268 BC, and, in 50 AD, founded a new settlement, Cluentis Vicus (the current frazione of Civitanova Alta) on a hill near the sea. During the Barbaric invasion, old Cluana was destroyed by the Visigoths and much of the population took refuge in the Vicus.

In the Middle Ages it was under the Aldonesi, da Varano, Malatesta, Sforza and Visconti. In 1440, under Francesco Sforza, a new line of walls was built, while a fortress was erected to protect the port. The city, attacked by Turk pirates and struck by inner feuds and by the plague, started to decay from the 16th century. In 1551 pope Julius III ceded it to the Cesarini family. Made Dukes by pope Sixtus V, the Cesarini enlarged the town with new walls, roads and palazzi, although the population's conditions remained generally miserable. Civitanova had 6,057 inhabitants in 1782.

After the Italian unification, Porto Civitanova and Civitanova Alta became a single commune in 1938. It is now a renowned vacation resort.

Demographic evolution

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Civitanova Marche is twinned with:[2]

References

Notes
  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Civitanova Marche - Twin Towns".  

External links

  • Official website
  • Studies Centre of Civitanova website
  • International Studies Centre of Annibale Caro website
  • The Dukes Cesarini at Civitanova website
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