World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0041602427
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cleit  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: St Kilda, Scotland, Orri, Palapa (Mexico), Village des Bories, Ramada (shelter)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A cleit is a stone storage hut or bothy, uniquely found on the isles and stacs of St Kilda; whilst many are still to be found, they are slowly falling into disrepair.[1] There are known to be 1,260 cleitean on Hirta and a further 170 on the other group islands.[2]

The outlying island of Boreray has the Cleitean MacPhàidein, a "cleit village" of three small bothies used on a regular basis during fowling expeditions from Hirta.[3] As a result of a smallpox outbreak on Hirta in 1727, three men and eight boys were marooned on Stac an Armin, near to Boreray until the following May.[4]

A Cleit on St Kilda (overlooking Village Bay)
A Cleit at the Cleitein McPhaidein, Boreray

Cleitean were used to store a wide variety of produce, such as:[5]

  • cured fish
  • eggs (which were buried in peat ash)
  • feathers
  • fishing gear
  • grains such as wheat, barley and oats,
  • hay
  • manure
  • peat[6]
  • potatoes
  • ropes
  • salted lamb
  • salted seabird carcasses

"The wind beats down upon the walls, lifting the thatch, prefiguring a storm. Crabs, fieldmice, Horniegolachs, creeping and crawling things seek shelter in the cleits, abandoned cottages and kirk." Norman Bissett, Leaving St Kilda, 1999


Typically cleitean are found on hilly ground and therefore are typically laid out along the direction of the slope, with their front ends looking uphill and their rounded rear ends looking downhill. Occasionally the entrance is found in a side wall. Examples also exist of cleitean built perpendicularly to the direction of the slope, with the entrance in one of the narrower ends.

In order to be able to withstand any downward thrust, the end facing downhill is normally built in the shape of an apse with a strong support. Entrances are very rarely placed in the apsidal end, in order not to compromise its strength.[5]

In his book on St Kilda, David Quine says of the cleitean, "They come in many shapes and sizes, but all have dry stone walls to allow the wind to whistle through, and great stone slabs for roofs, capped with turf to absorb the water." [7]

In history

Whilst she was kidnapped by her husband James Erskine, Lord Grange in the 1730s, Rachel Chiesley, Lady Grange was forced for some time to live in a cleit at Hirta, on St Kilda. The cleit in the Village meadows is said to resemble "a giant Christmas pudding".[8] Some authorities believe that it was rebuilt on the site of a larger blackhouse where she also lived during her incarceration,[9] In 1838 the grandson of a St Kildan who had assisted her quoted the dimensions as being "20 feet by 10 feet" (7 metres by 3 metres), which is a common size for a cleit.



  1. ^ Kilda Org
  2. ^ St Kilda - David Quine (Colin Baxter Island Guides) 1995
  3. ^ Maclean (1977) page 28.
  4. ^ Maclean (1977) pages 48–9
  5. ^ a b Pierreseche. Com
  6. ^ J. B. Mackenzie, Antiquities and old customs in St. Kilda 1829–43
  7. ^
  8. ^ Fleming (2005) p. 135
  9. ^ "St Kilda, Hirta, Village Bay, Cleit 85". Canmore. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.