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Cliff Battles

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Title: Cliff Battles  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of National Football League rushing champions, 1937 NFL Championship Game, Turk Edwards, Sammy Baugh, Washington Redskins
Collection: 1910 Births, 1981 Deaths, All-America Football Conference Coaches, American Basketball Coaches, American Football Halfbacks, American Football Running Backs, American Military Personnel of World War II, Boston Braves (Nfl) Players, Boston Redskins Players, Burials at Parklawn Memorial Park, College Football Hall of Fame Inductees, College Tennis Players in the United States, College Track and Field Athletes in the United States, Columbia Lions Football Coaches, Columbia Lions Men's Basketball Coaches, Death in Florida, Players of American Football from Ohio, Pro Football Hall of Fame Inductees, Sportspeople from Akron, Ohio, Sportspeople from Clearwater, Florida, Washington Redskins Players, West Virginia Wesleyan Bobcats Baseball Players, West Virginia Wesleyan Bobcats Basketball Players, West Virginia Wesleyan Bobcats Football Players
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Cliff Battles

Cliff Battles
No. 20
Position: Halfback / Defensive back
Personal information
Date of birth: (1910-05-01)May 1, 1910
Place of birth: Akron, Ohio, U.S.
Date of death: April 28, 1981(1981-04-28) (aged 70)
Place of death: Clearwater, Florida, U.S.
Height: 6 ft 1 in (1.85 m)
Weight: 195 lb (88 kg)
Career information
High school: Akron (OH) Kenmore
College: West Virginia Wesleyan
Career history
As player:
As coach:
Career highlights and awards


Career NFL statistics
Rushing yards: 3,511
Rushing average: 4.2
Receiving yards: 546
Passing yards: 590
Total touchdowns: 31
Coaching record: 4-16
Stats at
Pro Football Hall of Fame
College Football Hall of Fame

Clifford Franklin Battles (May 1, 1910 – April 28, 1981) was an American football halfback in the National Football League (NFL). Battles was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1968.


  • Early life 1
  • College career 2
  • Professional career 3
  • Coaching career 4
  • After football 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Battles was born in Akron, Ohio, the son of Frank Battles, a saltworker for the BFGoodrich and Firestone tire companies, and Della Battles.[1] He played high school football at Kenmore High School.[1] Kenmore today honors athletes who carry on Battles' tradition, those who letter in three sports their senior year, with the Cliff Battles Award. Kenmore High School is at the corner of 13th Street and Battles Avenue, but the avenue is not named after Cliff. It was so named before he became famous.

College career

Battles attended and played college football at West Virginia Wesleyan College.[2] His most prominent season was 1931, when he scored 15 touchdowns and had four extra points.[2] The best game of his college career was also in 1931 in a game against Salem College, when he scored seven touchdowns and had 354 rushing yards, 91 kick return yards, and 24 receiving yards, totalling 469.[2]

He acquired the nickname "Gip" (sometimes spelled "Gipp") because of his admiration for Knute Rockne’s "win one for the Gipper" speech.[3]

While at West Virginia Wesleyan, Battles won 15 letters in five sports – four each in football and track, three each in baseball and basketball, and one in tennis.[2] While there, he was a Phi Beta Kappa scholar and Rhodes Scholarship candidate.[1]

He was named to the West Virginia Hall of Fame in 1950 and the College Football Hall of Fame in 1955.[2]

While at West Virginia Wesleyan, Battles also played semipro football for the South Akron Awnings under the name of Jones.[1]

Professional career

After college, Battles got many offers from NFL teams including the New York Giants and Portsmouth Spartans, among other NFL teams. But he signed with the Boston Braves (now the Washington Redskins) in 1932, who offered him $175 per game, compared with a high of $150 from the other teams.[3]

In 1932, Battles won the NFL's rushing title as a rookie.[4] He also performed well during the 1933 season and on October 8, 1933, Battles, playing for the newly named Boston Redskins, became the first player to exceed 200 rushing yards in a game, finishing with 215 yards on 16 rushes and one touchdown against the Giants.[4]

"He was the greatest open-field runner I ever saw.
He didn’t run but seemed to lope along. It was
his natural way of running. Whenever we broke him through
the line, it was almost certain to be a touchdown."

Teammate Art Bachtel in the Akron-Beacon Journal
on December 13, 1999, on Battles' running style and ability.[3]

In 1937, the Redskins moved from Boston to Washington, D.C. and acquired quarterback Sammy Baugh. For the 1937, Baugh and Battles combined their talents just as everyone had anticipated. During their last regular-season game, Battles scored three touchdowns and the Redskins beat the Giants for the Eastern Division title.[4] In the 1937 NFL Championship against the Chicago Bears a week later, Battles scored the first touchdown in a 28-21 victory that gave the Redskins their first NFL title.[4]

In what would end up being his last regular-season game on December 5, 1937, Battles ran for 165 yards against the Giants at the Polo Grounds. This was the record for most rushing yards for a player in the final regular-season game of his NFL career until Tiki Barber broke the record on December 30, 2006 with 234 rushing yards.[5]

In 1937, Battles was again the league’s leading rusher with 874 yards on 216 carries and won all-league honors for the fifth time in six years. In six seasons, Battles totaled 3,511 yards rushing.[4] A two way threat, he also finished his career with 15 interceptions, including one returned for a touchdown.

After 1937, Battles hoped for a raise in salary.

  • Career statistics and player information from • Pro-Football-Reference
  • Cliff Battles at the Pro Football Hall of Fame

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Cliff Battles" (PDF). Pro Football Researchers. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Cliff Battles' College HOF Profile". College Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Cliff Battles" (PDF). Pro Football Researchers. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Cliff Battles' HOF Profile". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  5. ^ "Barber rushes for team-record 234 yards in Giants' win". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 


After the end of his coaching career, Battles became an associate with General Electric in the Washington Metropolitan Area before retiring in 1979.[3] He died on April 28, 1981 in Clearwater, Florida, and is buried in Parklawn Memorial Park in Rockville, Maryland.[1]

After football

After the 1937 season, the Battles accepted a $4,000 job as an assistant football coach at Columbia University coached there from 1938 to 1943.[4] While at Columbia, Battles was also the head coach of the men's basketball team from 1942 to 1943. He then served in the United States Marine Corps during World War II.[1] After the war, Battles became head coach of the Brooklyn Dodgers of the All-America Football Conference from 1946 to 1947.[1]

Coaching career

Battles chose retirement instead, and left the game as a player at the end of 1937. [4]

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