Climate of Aruba

Aruba
Nickname: One Happy Island
Map of Aruba
Geography
Location Caribbean Sea
Coordinates

12°30′N 69°58′W / 12.500°N 69.967°W / 12.500; -69.967

Archipelago ABC islands (Lesser Antilles)
Area 139 km2 (53.7 sq mi)
Coastline 68.5 km (42.56 mi)
Highest elevation 188 m (617 ft)
Highest point Mount Jamanota
Country
Aruba
Largest city Oranjestad (pop. 32,748)
Demographics
Population 104,494 (as of 2007)
Density 751.76 /km2 (1,947.05 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Mixed Caribbean Amerindian and white



Aruba is a small Caribbean island (54 sq mi or 140 km2) about the size of Washington, D.C., located 25 km north of the coast of Venezuela and 68 km northwest of Curaçao, the largest island of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Aruba’s terrain is mostly flat with a few hills. There is little in the way of vegetation or outstanding physical features and no inland water. Aruba’s best-known geographical feature is its white-sand beaches, which are the basis of an active tourism industry that is the mainstay of the island’s economy. Aruba is situated on the Caribbean Tectonic Plate.

The core of the island is made up of Turonian submarine and subaerial basalts which were formed in the Caribbean large igneous province. These basalts were intruded by a tonalite pluton shortly after their eruption. The shore areas are mainly limestone-capped hills and ridges, with cliffs on the northern and northeastern coasts and coral reefs on the southern coast.

Mountains and Hills

Aruba’s terrain is almost entirely flat. The highest elevation, so-called Mount Jamanota, is only 188 m above sea level. Rock formations characterize the interior of the island.

The Coast and Beaches

Aruba has three deepwater harbors located at Oranjestad, Barcadera, and San Nicolaas (Sint Nicolaas). The coastal area is known for its white-sand beaches and the calm waters surrounding Aruba are clear, making it a popular tourist destination.

Climate

Temperature

Aruba’s tropical marine climate varies little seasonally, with an average annual temperature of 27 °C (80.6 °F), varying from about 26 °C (78.8 °F) in January to 29 °C (84.2 °F) in July.

Rainfall

Most rain brought by the prevailing easterly winds of the region falls on the Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles, leaving Aruba with a very dry climate. Rainfall averages 510 mm (20.1 in) or less annually, and the island’s residents rely on one of the world’s largest desalination plants for most of their drinking water. The rainy season occurs between October and December.

Statistics

Location
Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Venezuela
Geographic coordinates
12°30′N 69°58′W / 12.500°N 69.967°W / 12.500; -69.967 (Aruba)Coordinates: 12°30′N 69°58′W / 12.500°N 69.967°W / 12.500; -69.967 (Aruba)

Map references
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
  • Total: 193 km²
  • Land: 193 km²
  • Water: 0 km²

country comparison to the world: 108

Area comparative
slightly larger than Washington DC
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
68.5 km
Maritime claims

The "Rijkswet" of December 12, 1985, for the maritime boundaries between The Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, and the Maritime Boundaries Treaty signed March 31, 1978, between the Republic of Venezuela and the Kingdom of the Netherlands, introduced December 12, 1978, and valid for Aruba since January 1, 1986.

Territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
Climate
Tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain
Flat with a few hills; scant vegetation
Elevation extremes
Natural resources
Negligible; white sandy beaches
Land use
  • Arable land: 10.53% (including aloe 0.01%)
  • Permanent crops: 0%
  • Other: 89.47% (2005)
Irrigated land
0.01 km² (1998 est.)
Natural hazards
While Aruba barely lies within the Caribbean hurricane belt, storms rarely if ever pass over the island.
Environment--current issues
NA
Geography-note
A flat, riverless island renowned for its white sand beaches; its tropical climate is moderated by constant trade winds from the Atlantic Ocean; the temperature is almost constant at about 27 degrees Celsius.

See also

External links

  • Map of Aruba PDF
  • Map of Aruba
  • Maps of Aruba (including island map, and detail maps of Oranjestad and San Nicolas)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.