Climate of Morocco

This article is about the geography of internationally recognized Moroccan territory. For the Geography of the Southern Provinces, see Geography of Western Sahara.



The geography of Morocco spans from the Atlantic Ocean, to mountainous areas, to the Sahara (desert). Morocco is a Northern African country, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

A large part of Morocco is mountainous. The Atlas Mountains are located mainly in the center and the south of the country. The Rif Mountains are located in the north of the country. Both ranges are mainly inhabited by the Berber people.

Geography statistics Coordinates: 32°00′N 5°00′W / 32.000°N 5.000°W / 32.000; -5.000

Map references: Africa

Area:
total: 446,550 km²
land: 446,550 km²
water: 250 km²

Area - comparative: slightly larger than California; slightly larger than Newfoundland and Labrador; slightly more than half the size of New South Wales; slightly less than twice the size of the United Kingdom

Land boundaries:
total: 2,017.9 km
border countries: Algeria 1 559 km, Mauritania (de facto) 1561 km, Spain (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Spain (Melilla) 9.6 km

Coastline: 1 835 km

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi)
contiguous zone: 24 nmi (44.4 km; 27.6 mi)
exclusive economic zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

Physical geography

Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior

Terrain: northern coast and interior are mountainous with large areas of bordering plateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains

Geography - note: strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Sebkha Tah -55 m
highest point: Jbel Toubkal 4,165 m

Climate

Dry, hot, sandy summers and mild, wet winters.

Land use and natural resources

Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt

Land use:
arable land: 17.79%
permanent crops: 2.6%
other: 79.61% (2011)

Irrigated land: 14,850 km² (2004)

Total renewable water resources: 29 km3 (2011)

Natural hazards: northern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts

Environment

Ecoregions

Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub

Temperate coniferous forests

Montane grasslands and shrublands

  • Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe

Deserts and xeric shrublands

Freshwater ecoregions

Marine ecoregions

Current environmental issues

Land degradation/desertification (soil erosion resulting from farming of marginal areas, overgrazing, destruction of vegetation); water supplies contaminated by raw sewage; siltation of reservoirs; oil pollution of coastal waters

International environmental agreements

Morocco is party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution (MARPOL 73/78), Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Extreme points

This is a list of the extreme points of Morocco, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location (excluding the disputed Western Sahara area).

  • *Note: Morocco does not have a southern-most point, the border being formed by a straight horizontal line

Gallery

References

  • CIA Factbook: Morocco

External links

Atlas of Morocco

  • European Digital Archive on the Soil Maps of the world Soil Maps of Morocco
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