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Clube de Regatas Flamengo

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Clube de Regatas Flamengo

"Flamengo" redirects here. For other uses, see Flamengo (disambiguation).

Flamengo
Full name Clube de Regatas do Flamengo
Nickname(s) Mengão (Big Mengo)
Rubro-Negro (The Scarlet-Black)
O mais querido do Brasil (The most beloved of Brazil)
Founded November 17, 1895 (1895-11-17) (118 years ago)
Stadium Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Ground Capacity 78,838
President Eduardo Bandeira de Mello
Head coach Jayme de Almeida Filho
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
2012 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 11th
Website Club home page
Home colors
Away colors
Current season

Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (from Dutch[1] vlamingen: Flemish people, English: Flamengo Regatta Club), commonly referred to as Flamengo (Portuguese pronunciation: [flɐˈmõɡu]), is a Brazilian football club based in Rio de Janeiro. They play in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A,[2] Brazil's national league, and is one of the only five clubs to have never been relegated to the second division, along with Santos, São Paulo, Internacional and Cruzeiro.[3]

The club was established in 1885, although it did not play its first official game until 1912. Flamengo is one of the most successful clubs in Brazilian football, it has won 5 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A titles and 2 Copa do Brasil titles. Due to its low capacity, Flamengo's home stadium, Gávea, is rarely used and the club ops for the government-owned Maracanã, the biggest football stadium in Brazil, with a capacity of 78,838.

Its traditional playing colors are red and black hooped shirts with white shorts and red and black hooped socks. In 1981, Flamengo became the first Carioca team to win the Copa Libertadores de América, the most prestigious laurel in South American football, the team, subsequently known as the Geração de Ouro, defeated Cobreloa 2–0 in the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo to became champions of America. That same year, Flamengo became world champions after defeating Liverpool 3-0 in Tokyo.

Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil, with over 39,1 million supporters as of 2010,[4][5] and was voted by FIFA as one of the most successful football clubs of the 20th century. It is also one of Brazil's richest football clubs in terms of revenue, with an annual revenue of R$212.0 million ($105.6 million/€80.1 million) in 2012,[6] and the second most valuable club in South America, worth over R$855.4 million ($424.4 million/€327.9 million) in 2013.[7] The club has long-standing rivalries with near neighbors Fluminense, Botafogo and Vasco da Gama.

History

Foundation and first years (1895–1912)


Flamengo was founded on November 17, 1895 (although the club celebrates its founding every year on November 15, which is also a Brazilian national holiday) as a rowing club by José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha, Mário Spindola, Nestor de Barros, Augusto Lopes, José Félix da Cunha Meneses and Felisberto Laport.

The group used to gather at Café Lamas, in the Flamengo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, and decided to form a rowing team. Rowing was the elite sport in Rio de Janeiro in the late 19th century. The young men hoped that forming a rowing club, would make them popular, with the young ladies of the city's high society.

They could only afford a used boat named "Pherusa", which had to be completely rebuilt before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on October 6, 1895 when they sailed off the Caju Point, from the Maria Angu beach, heading off to Flamengo beach. However, strong winds turned over the boat and the rowers nearly drowned. They were rescued by a fishing boat named Leal ("Loyal"). Afterwards, as the Pherusa was undergoing repairs, the boat was stolen and never again found. The group then had to save up money to buy a new boat, the "Etoile", renamed "Scyra".


On the night of November 17, the group, gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo beach, founded the Flamengo Rowing Group ("Grupo de Regatas do Flamengo", in Portuguese) and elected its first board and president (Domingos Marques de Azevedo). The name was changed a few weeks later to "Clube de Regatas do Flamengo" ("Flamengo Rowing Club"). The founders also decided that the anniversary of the club foundation should be celebrated on November 15, so as to coincide with the Day of the Republic, a national holiday.

Flamengo only embraced football when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense Football Club broke away from the club following a dispute with the board. The players (Alberto Borghert, Othon de Figueiredo Baena, Píndaro de Carvalho Rodrigues, Emmanuel Augusto Nery, Ernesto Amarante, Armando de Almeida, Orlando Sampaio Matos, Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho, Lawrence Andrews and Arnaldo Machado Guimarães) decided to join Flamengo because Borgeth, who was the team's captain, was also a rower for Flamengo. Admittance of the new members was approved on November 8, 1911. A motion against the club taking part in football tournaments was defeated, and the members assembly officially created the football team on December 24, 1911.

The new team used to train on Russel beach, and gradually gained the support of the locals, who closely watched their practice games. The first official match was played on May 3, 1912 and is, to this day, the most spectacular victory of the club, as the team defeated Mangueira 16 to 2. The first intracity rivalry, the Flamengo vs. Fluminense aka Fla-Flu was Fla-Flu (which would eventually become one of the most famous football derbies in the world) was also played in that year, on July 7, and was won by Fluminense, by 3–2.

Golden age (1978–1983)

In 1978 a scarlet-black golden age began when Flamengo won the Rio de Janeiro State Championship. The five following years would be years of glory. Stars such as Júnior, Carpegiani, Adílio, Cláudio Adão and Tita were led by Zico to become State Champions three times in a row. The level of sustained excellence pushed Flamengo towards its first Brazilian Championship in 1980. Then, as national champions, the club qualified to play the South American continental tournament – the Libertadores Cup.

1981 is a benchmark year in Flamengo's history. After beating Chilean Cobreloa in three matches, the club became South American Champions. The next goal was clear: the Intercontinental Cup, a single match to be played in Tokyo's Olympic Stadium, Japan, against European Champions' Cup winner Liverpool FC.

On December 13, 1981, Raul, Leandro, Marinho, Mozer, Júnior, Andrade, Adílio, Zico, Tita, Nunes and Lico took the field for the most important match in club history. Two goals by Nunes and another one by Adílio (all during first half) along with a brilliant performance by Zico were more than enough to crown Flamengo the first Brazilian World Champions club since Pelé's Santos, shutting out Liverpool 3–0.

The next two years would also be great. Another Rio's State Championship in 1981 and two Brazilian Championships – 1982 and 1983 – closed the Golden Age in a fantastic way.

2007 - present

On March 9, 2007, Flamengo earned a commemorative date in Rio de Janeiro state's official calendar. On that day, State Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho signed Law 4998, declaring November 17 (the day the club was founded) "Flamengo Day".

In the 2007 Brazilian Football Championship, Flamengo surprised all the other teams at the half of the season winning many games at home, leaving the relegation zone and reaching the second place and then being defeated the last match in Recife, Pernambuco by Náutico 1–0. After this match, Flamengo finished the League in third place, climbing from second worst to third best.

Flamengo started 2008 by winning the Rio de Janeiro State Championship over arch rival Botafogo. However a couple of days later, in the late rounds of Libertadores Cup, the team was eliminated at home by Club América from Mexico. In this very day, Joel Santana, a well appreciated coach by Flamengo fans, coached his last match before taking South Africa National Football Team. Experts say that the team was eliminated because the finals against Botafogo took a heavy toll on the players stamina and endurance for the matchup against América. The 0–3 score was the biggest headline in the soccer world in the following day as Flamengo had won easily 4–2 in Azteca Stadium. The elimination at Maracanã was labeled by the world press as a second "Maracanazo".

In 2009 season after finishing the 1st phase of the Brazilian League in 10th place, Flamengo won the Brazilian Série A with a terrific campaign in the 2nd phase, the championship was decided in the very last game with a 2–1 win against Grêmio at Estádio do Maracanã, with this victory the Flamengo became six-time Brazilian League Champion.[8]

Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors

List of Flamengo's sponsors and kit manufacturers.[9][10][11][12][13][14]

Period Kit manufacturer Main sponsor Secondary sponsor Minor sponsors
1980–84 Adidas none none none
1984–92 Petrobras
1993–00 Umbro
2000–09 Nike
2009 Olympikus Olympikus Bozzano
Ale
2010–2011 Batavo Banco BMG
2011 Procter & Gamble Tim
Brasil Brokers
2012 none Banco BMG
Mobil
Tim
Triunfo Logística
Brazil Foodservice Group (BFG)
2013 Tim
2013– Adidas Caixa Econômica Federal Peugeot
  • Main sponsor – Front of the shirt and back of the shirt over the numbers.
  • Secondary sponsor – Sleeves and back of the shirt under the numbers.
  • Minor sponsors – Shoulders, shorts and inside the numbers.

Players

Main article: List of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo players
For a list of all former and current Clube de Regatas do Flamengo players with a World Heritage Encyclopedia article, see Category:Clube de Regatas do Flamengo players.

First team squad

As of September 14, 2013

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Felipe
2 Brazil DF Leonardo Moura (captain)
3 Brazil DF Chicão (3rd captain)
4 Chile DF Marcos González
5 Paraguay MF Víctor Cáceres
7 Brazil FW Rafinha
8 Brazil MF Elias (vice-captain - on loan from Sporting)
9 Brazil FW Hernane
10 Brazil MF Gabriel
14 Brazil DF Wallace
15 Brazil MF Luiz Antônio
16 Brazil DF João Paulo (on loan from Mogi Mirim EC)
17 Brazil MF Adryan
19 Bolivia FW Marcelo Martins Moreno (loan from Grêmio)
No. Position Player
20 Brazil FW Carlos Eduardo (on loan from Rubin Kazan)
26 Brazil FW Paulinho (on loan from XV de Piracicaba)
27 Brazil DF André Santos
28 Brazil FW Bruninho
29 Brazil FW Nixon
30 Brazil MF Val (on loan from Mogi Mirim EC)
33 Brazil DF Samir
34 Brazil DF Digão
35 Brazil MF Diego Silva (on loan from XV de Piracicaba)
36 Brazil DF Rodrigo Frauches
37 Brazil GK César
40 Brazil MF Amaral
48 Brazil GK Paulo Victor

B-Team

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil DF Everton Silva
Brazil DF Marllon
No. Position Player
Brazil DF Thiago Medeiros
Brazil DF Welinton

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil DF Gustavo (loan to Ceará SC)
Brazil MF Luiz Philipe Muralha (loan to Portuguesa)
Brazil MF Vinicius Pacheco (loan to América-RN)
Brazil MF Lenon (loan to Duque de Caxias FC)
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Guilherme Camacho (loan to Audax Rio)
Brazil MF Erick Flores (loan to ABC)
Brazil FW Guilherme Negueba (loan to São Paulo FC)
Brazil DF Renato Santos (loan to EC Vitória)

For recent transfers, see List of Flamengo transfers 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013.

For recent transfers, see List of Brazilian football transfers 2008.

Retired numbers

12Brazil Club Supporters (the 12th Man) – Number dedicated to the rubro-negro fans (*).

(*) In spite of having its number "12" retired, Flamengo has to re-issue it for CONMEBOL competitions such as Copa Libertadores, where rosters must be numbered from 1 to 25 consecutively. [15]

Football honours

For full list of honours, see Clube de Regatas do Flamengo honors.

Domestic

League

Winners (6): 1980, 1982, 1983, 1987, 1992, 2009

Cup

Winners (2): 1990, 2006
Runners-up (3): 1997, 2003, 2004
Winners (1): 2001
  • Torneio Rio-São Paulo[20]
Winners (1): 1961
Runners-up (2): 1958, 1997
Runners-up (1): 1964

State

Winners (32): 1914, 1915, 1920, 1921, 1925, 1927, 1939, 1942, 1943, 1944, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1963, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1979 (C), 1979 (S)(2), 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011
Runners-up (30): 1912, 1919, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1932, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1952, 1958, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1969, 1973, 1977, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2010

South American

Winners (1): 1981
  • Supercopa Sudamericana[23]
Runners-up (2): 1993, 1995
Winners (1): 1999
Runners-up (1): 2001
Winners (1): 1996

Intercontinental

Winners (1): 1981


(1) (main article: Copa União) In 1987, Brazilian football running body, the CBF, was undergoing severe financial difficulties and therefore announced it would not be able to organize a national championship. In response to that, the 13 most popular football clubs in Brazil decided to organize their own league, the Copa União, with no CBF interference (a move not unlike the creation of club-run football leagues all over Europe). The Clube dos 13 was created to run the league, which was played by 16 teams (three other clubs were invited). In a first moment the CBF agreed to grant the title of national champions to the winners of the Copa União, but changed course later, due to resistance from smaller clubs and to the prospect of forever losing control of the national championship. The CBF then organized its own championship with teams that had been excluded from the Copa União and announced it would grant the title of national champions to the eventual winners of a run-off between the two best teams of the Copa União (which it dubbed the "Green Module") and the two best teams of its own championship (which it called the "Yellow Module"). All of the members of the Clube dos 13 rejected the move and announced none of them would play this run-off. Flamengo eventually beat Internacional in the Copa União final match and were considered the national champions by the Clube dos 13, most of the national media and the public opinion. The CBF insisted on having the run-off, but neither Flamengo nor Internacional showed up. Sport Club Recife eventually beat Guarani Futebol Clube and was considered the national champions by the CBF, who appointed both clubs to represent Brazil in next year's Copa Libertadores. Flamengo were considered the national champions by the National Council of Sports, the entity legally in charge of settling the dispute in 1988, before the 1988 Constitution. Years later Sport were considered the national champions by a Federal judge. The controversy remains to this day, with most of the public opinion and the media considering Flamengo to have won the national title on six occasions.


(2) In 1975, the State of Rio de Janeiro was merged with the State of Guanabara, the former Federal District when the City of Rio de Janeiro was the nation's capital. However, it was only in 1979 that the two state football tournaments were finally unified. As a transition, the state's football governing body decided that all the teams would have to play in two tournaments, with slightly different formats. Both tournaments were won by Flamengo.

Records

For details, see Clube de Regatas do Flamengo records and statistics.

Personnel

Technical staff

See also List of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo managers
Position Name
Head coach Jayme de Almeida Filho
Assistant coach Cantarele
Goalkeeping coach Wagner Miranda
Fitness coaches Marcelo Martorelli
Daniel Félix
Joelton Urtiga
Medical staff manager José Luiz Runco
Doctors Marcelo Soares
Luiz Claudio Baldi
Marcio Tannure
Serafim Borges
Physiotherapists Fabiano Bastos
Mario Peixoto
Physiologist Claudio Pavanelli
Dietitians Leonardo Acro
Sílvia Ferreira
Massage Therapists Adenir Silva
Esmar Russo
Jorginho
Director of football Paulo Pelaipe

Management

Office Name
President Eduardo Bandeira de Mello
Vice-president Walter D'Agostino
Planning vice-president Rodolfo Landim
Marketing vice-president Luiz Eduardo Baptista
Football vice-president Wallim Vasconcellos
Sports vice-president Alexandre Póvoa
Managing and Social area vice-president Cláudio Pracownik

Last updated: July 14, 2011
Source: Flamengo's official website

Presidents

Name Tenure
Brazil Domingos Marques de Azevedo 1895–97
Brazil Augusto Lopes da Silveira 1898
Brazil Júlio Gonçalves de A. Furtado 1899
Brazil Antonio Ferreira Vianna Filho (resigned)
Brazil Jacintho Pinto de L. Júnior
1900
Brazil Fidelcino da Silva Leitão 1901
Brazil Virgílio Leite de Oliveira e Silva 1902, 1907–11, 1913 (resigned), 1915 (resigned)
Brazil Arthur John Lawrence Gibbons 1903
Brazil Mario Espínola (resigned) 1904
Brazil José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha
Brazil Manuel Alves de Cruz Rios
1905
Brazil Francis Hamilton Wálter 1906
Brazil Edmundo de Azurém Furtado 1912, 1914, 1915
Brazil José Pimenta de Melo Filho 1913
Brazil Raul Ferreira Serpa 1916
Brazil Carlos Leclerc Castelo Branco 1917
Brazil Alberto Burle Figueiredo 1918–20, 1922
Brazil Faustino Esposel 1921, 1924–27 (resigned)
Brazil Júlio Benedito Otoni (resigned) 1923–24
Brazil Alberto Borgerth
Brazil Nillor Rollin Pinheiro
1927
Brazil Osvaldo dos Santos Jacinto (resigned) 1928–29
Brazil Carlos Eduardo Façanha Mamede 1929, 1931 (resigned)
Brazil Alfredo Dolabella Portela (resigned)
Brazil Manuel Joaquim de Almeida (resigned)
1930
Brazil Rubens de Campos Farrula
Brazil José de Oliveira Santos
1931
Brazil Arthur Lobo da Silva 1932
Brazil José de Oliveira Santos
Brazil Pascoal Segreto Sobrinho (resigned)
1933
Brazil José Bastos Padilha (resigned) 1933–38
Brazil Raul Dias Gonçalves 1938
Brazil Gustavo Adolfo de Carvalho 1939–42
Brazil Dario de Melo Pinto 1943–44, 1949–50
Brazil Marino Machado de Oliveira (resigned) 1945–46
Brazil Hilton Gonçalves dos Santos 1946, 1958–59
Brazil Orsini de Araujo Coriolano 1947–48
Brazil Gilberto Ferreira Cardoso 1951–55 (deceased)
Brazil Antenor Coelho (temporary) 1955
Brazil José Alves Morais 1956–57
Brazil George da Silva Fernandes (resigned) 1960
Brazil Oswaldo Gudolle Aranha 1961
Brazil Fadel Fadel 1962–65
Brazil Luiz Roberto Veiga Brito 1966–68, 1971
Brazil André Gustavo Richer 1969–70, 1972–73
Brazil Hélio Maurício Rodrigues 1974–76
Brazil Márcio Braga 1977–80, 1987–88, 1991–92, 2004–06, 2007–09
Brazil Antônio Augusto Dunshee de Abranches (resigned) 1981–83
Brazil Eduardo Fernando de M. Motta 1983
Brazil George Helal 1984–86
Brazil Gilberto Cardoso Filho 1989–90, 2002 (temporary)
Brazil Luiz Augusto Veloso 1993–94
Brazil Kléber Leite 1995–98
Brazil Edmundo dos Santos Silva 1999–2000, 2001–02 (impeached)
Brazil Helio Paulo Ferraz 2002–2003
Brazil Delair Dumbrosck (temporary) 2009
Brazil Patrícia Amorim 2010–2012
Brazil Eduardo Bandeira de Mello 2013-2015


Stadiums

Estádio da Gávea

Main article: Estádio da Gávea

Flamengo's home stadium is nominally the José Bastos Padilha Stadium (also known as Gávea Stadium), which was inaugurated on September 4, 1938 and has a capacity of 8,000 fans. Lately Gávea Stadium has been used only as the first team's training ground. Most games, however, are played in Maracanã Stadium, considered by the supporters as the real Flamengo's home ground.[27]

Maracanã

Main article: Estádio do Maracanã
Maracanã was vital in the incredible 2007 Brazilian Série A Flamengo comeback, winning almost all the matches played in the Stadium, helping the club rise from the relegation zone to finish in third place securing a place in the Copa Libertadores 2008. The Stadium held the 2007 Brazilian Série A attandence records, with 87,895 fans against Atlético Paranaense and average attendance of 44,719 fans per match, which was ahead of any of the teams in the Brazilian Série A.

In 2008, once again, Flamengo was the leader of Brazilian Série A average attendance with 43.731 fans per match.[28] The club also had the biggest attendance of the season with 81.317 fans in the 0–3 loss to Atlético Mineiro on October 11, 2008.[29]

Average attendances per season

Average attendances at Maracanã including friendly matches and other competitions.[30][31]


Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att. Year Avg. Att.
1961 * 1971 35,130 1981 45,145 1991 35,541 2001 *
1962 46,427 1972 46,408 1982 57,156 1992 53,958 2002 *
1963 54,475 1973 42,269 1983 44,046 1993 19,198 2003 *
1964 49,854 1974 37,931 1984 37,956 1994 28,290 2004 9,7071
1965 47,572 1975 40,758 1985 34,657 1995 42,335 2005 13,6572
1966 37,894 1976 54,015 1986 42,689 1996 42,153 2006 15,711
1967 33,931 1977 45,584 1987 44,715 1997 26,465 2007 42,015
1968 54,676 1978 38,226 1988 28,547 1998 18,127 2008 43,736
1969 61,157 1979 54,606 1989 28,898 1999 37,141 2009 40,0744
1970 47,980 1980 54,268 1990 33,617 2000 29,329 2010 18,94534

(*) Information not available.

Average attendances at Brazilian League

Regularly thousands of supporters show the strength of the scarlet-black nation, having the biggest number of highest average attendances per season between all the Brazilian clubs. Out of 38 editions of the Brasileirão, Flamengo held the average attendance record on 12 occasions. Atlético Mineiro are the closest followers, having the biggest average attendances nine times. From 1971 to 2006, Flamengo took an average 25.989 supporters per match to the Maracanã. It has to be noted that 2007 and 2008, both years in which Flamengo had an average of over 40.000 supporters per match (and thus both would raise the historical average number), were not counted yet.

Other sports

Besides rowing, Clube de Regatas do Flamengo also plays an active role in several Olympic sports, such as: Artistic gymnastica, athletics, basketball (See 'Flamengo Basketball), judo, swimming, volleyball and water polo.

Honours

Rowing

  • International
    • Taça Sul-América (South-America Thophy) 1905
  • National
    • Troféu Brasil (Brazil's National Championship) (10): 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1995–97
  • Regional
    • State Championship (42): 1916, 1917, 1920, 1933, 1940–43, 1963, 1965–69, 1971–81, 1983–97, 2003–04
    • Carioca League: 1935–37

Swimming

  • National
    • Brazilian Championship (12): 1968, 1980–87, 1989, 1991, 2002
    • José Finkel Trophy (12): 1977, 1980–87, 1990, 2001, 2002
  • Regional
    • State Championship (31): 1928, 1930, 1938–40, 1968, 1973, 1976, 1979–98, 2002–04

Volleyball (Men's)

  • National
    • Brazilian Championship: 2003
    • Troféu dos Campeões Brasileiros (Brazilian Champion's Trophy) 1952
  • Regional
    • Copa Sudeste (Southeast Cup) 1993
    • Inter-Regional Championship 1995
    • State Championship (17): 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1959–61, 1977, 1987–89, 1991–96, 2005
    • State Championship (B Series): 1940, 1953
    • Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1953, 1956, 1959–61
  • Local
    • Municipal Championship: 1992, 1993, 1996

Volleyball (Women's)

  • International
    • South American Championship: 1981
    • National
    • National Championship (8): 1948–52, 1978, 1980, 2001
    • Rio de Janeiro Tournament 1950
  • Regional
    • State Championship (11): 1938, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1999, 2000
    • Torneio Início (Inicio Tournament) 1961
    • State Championship – B Series 1953
    • Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1952, 1956–57, 1960
  • Local
    • Municipal Championship: 1996

Noted athletes

 

Noted coaches

  • Volleyball (women)
    • Isabel Salgado
  • Rowing
    • Guilherme Augusto Silva "Buck"

Supporters

Usually, in Brazil, each team has their own torcidas organizadas (like Europeans Ultras). Flamengo, like any other Brazilian team has groups of organized supporters, most notably Torcida Jovem-Fla, Charanga Rubro-Negra,Urubuzada, Flamanguaça and Raça Rubro-Negra.

Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil and one of the most popular teams in the world. Surveys show that there are over 33 million Flamengo supporters across Brazil. As such, Flamengo supporters are known as "Nação Rubro-Negra" (Scarlet-Black Nation), since there are more supporters of Flamengo than the population of many countries. Flamengo supporters are also known for their fanaticism. They hold several records in the Brazilian league like having the best average attendance (12 times, the second one is Atlético Mineiro with 9), or the match with the greatest numbers of attendants between two football clubs. Flamengo played against Santos in the Maracanã stadium watched by 155,523 supporters in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A final of 1983, however some say that the official numbers are wrong and that there were more than 160,000 people in Maracanã.

Flamengo's match with the greatest number of attendants was Flamengo versus Fluminense in Carioca Championship of 1963, with 194,603 spectators. There are 13 times in which Flamengo has took more than 150,000 people in the stadium in official matches. Flamengo supporters were listed as heritage of the people by the Mayor Office of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2007.

See also

References

External links

  • Clube de Regatas do Flamengo Official Website (Portuguese)
  • Flapédia – Flamengo official online encyclopedia (Portuguese)
  • Heroes of a Nation – English
  • Flamengo (Clube de Regatas do Flamengo) Futpédia (Portuguese)
  • Top 10 Idols (Portuguese)
  • Flamengo supporters site (Portuguese)
  • Eu sou Flamengo, O maior portal do Flamengo na internet (Portuguese)
  • Flamengo RJ (Portuguese)
  • Flamengo on LANCEnet (Portuguese)
  • Flamengo on Jornal dos Sports (Portuguese)
  • Flamengo on footballzz.co.uk (English)
  • Flamengo on ESPN.com.br (Portuguese)
  • Flamengo on Globoesporte.com (Portuguese)
  • Flamengo page on 2009 Copa Sudamericana@Conmebol.com (Spanish)
  • Copa Libertadores page@Conmebol.com (English)
  • Flamengo-Rus

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