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Coat of arms of the Prince of Asturias

Coat of arms of the Prince of Asturias
Details
Armiger Leonor, Princess of Asturias
Adopted 30 October 2015
Crest Crown of the Princess of Asturias
Escutcheon Quarterly: Castile, León, Aragon, and Navarre; enté en point, Granada; inescutcheonBourbon (Anjou Branch); the whole differenced by a label azure.
Orders Order of the Golden Fleece
Earlier versions See below

The blazon of the coat of arms of the Princess of Asturias in her own right was granted by an Royal Decree 979 on 30 October 2015 which was an amendment of the Royal Decree 284 dated Madrid 16 March 2001, which also created her Guidon (or Standard).[1]

Contents

  • Official blazon 1
  • Variants 2
  • History 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6

Official blazon

The shield is divided into four quarters, blazoned as follows:

  • 2nd, Argent a lion rampant Purpure crowned Or, armed Gules and crowned Or, for León;
  • 3rd, Or four pallets Gules, for Aragon;
  • 4th, Gules a cross, saltire and orle of chains all linked Or, an emerald Proper, for Navarre;
  • Enté en point, Argent a pomegranate Proper seeded Gules, supported, sculpted and leafed in two leaves Vert, for Granada;

The whole is differenced by a label of three points Azure, the difference used by heirs apparent to the Spanish House of Habsburg.

The shield is surmounted by a closed crown, which is a circle of gold, inset with precious stones of their colours, composed of eight rosettes of acanthus leaves, of which five are visible, interspersed by pearls in their colour, issuing from which are four pearl diadems, of which three are visible, which converge in a blue orb, with gold semi-meridian and equator, surmounted by a gold cross, the crown lined with red and surrounded by the collar of the Golden Fleece.

Variants

Before 2001, the heir to the Spanish throne used this coat of arms unofficially, and still does in Aragon or Navarre, where a different version of the coat of arms, as Prince or Princess of Girona and Viana respectively, is displayed. It is likely that these arms will also be some day adopted officially.[2]

Variants of Historic Titles of the Spanish Heir Apparent
Coat of arms as Princess of Girona Coat of arms as Princess of Viana Coat of arms as Duchess of Montblanc Coat of arms as Countess of Cervera Coat of arms as Lady of Balaguer

History

Historical Arms of the Prince of Asturias
Arms Dates Details
1388–1468 The arms used in the 13th and 14th century by the Prince of Asturias, and the others heirs apparent to the Castilian Throne before the title was adopted, were the undifferenced Royal Arms. However, the Infantes used differenced arms.[3][4]
1468–1474 Princess Isabella (Isabella I as Queen of Castile) used the undifferenced Castilian Royal Arms and added the Saint John the Evangelists eagle, an eagle "displayed" as single supporter. In 1473 the Princess Isabella's seal bearing her arms without crest and the St John the Evangelists Eagle.[5][6]
1478–1497 On the tomb of John, Prince of Asturias and Girona in St Thomas's Royal Monastery, sculpted by Domenico Fancelli, is shown the undifferenced Catholic Monarchs's coat of arms without crest supported by the St John the Evangelist's eagle and two putti frequently used as sculptural decoration but not heraldic supporters in Spanish royal heraldry.[7]
1506–1516 When the House of Habsburg inherited the Crowns of Castile and Aragon marks of Cadency – a label of three points – were added to the heirs apparent's arms, as was usual in the heraldry of many European monarchies. Prince Charles (Charles I as King of Spain and Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor) used his father's arms – A quartered shield, depicting Austria, new Burgundy, old Burgundy, Brabant and Flanders on an escutcheon – with a label argent. These arms weren’t used as Prince of Asturias because Prince Charles didn’t add the arms of Castile and Aragon.[3][4][8]
1528–1556 Prince Philip (Philip II as King of Spain and Philip I of Portugal) used his father's arms differenced with a label argent or azure. The Prince Philip's arms are showed on many Prince's armours. Now these armours have been kept at the Royal Armoury in the Royal Palace of Madrid. Sometimes, Philip also used the undifferenced arms of his father.[3][4][8]
1560–1568 In 1568 Prince Carlos, the eldest son of Philip II, died and an Ambrosio Morales's report for the Prince's sepulchre said his arms were the Royal Arms but with "a label azure with its three short points". Prince Carlos also used the royal arms differenced with a label argent.[3][4][8]
1584–1598 Prince Philip (Philip III as King of Spain and Philip II of Portugal) sometimes used a new label argent variant wavy azure.[4]
1608–1665 The eldest son of Philip III, Prince Philip (Philip IV as King of Spain and Philip III of Portugal), used the Royal Arms with label argent or azure. Philip's son, Prince Balthasar Charles also bore the same differences.[3][4][8]

1707–1761
1761–1931
The shields of the House of Bourbon's heirs apparent hardly ever depicted differences. Chronicler King of Arms Juan José Vilar y Psayla (1830–1894) said the arms of the Prince of Asturias were differentiated by a crown of four-half-arches, the Spanish monarch's crown has eight-half-arches since the reign of Philip V (1700–1746).[4]

See also

Notes

  • On sepulchres of Habsburg Princes of Asturias who didn't ascend to the throne their coats of arms are the undifferenced Lesser Royal Arms (Quarterly, 1 and 4 Castile, 2 and 3 León), with a crown closed with four-half-arches in crest. The Pantheon of the Princes of the Royal Seat of El Escorial was completed in 1888, in the nineteenth century the heir to the Spanish throne used Royal Arms differentiated by a crown of four-half-arches.[4][9]

References

  1. ^ "BOLETÍN OFICIAL DEL ESTADO" (PDF). Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Herrera Sánchez, Alfonso (2010). Arms of the Prince of Girona in Heraldry Blog. (Spanish)
  3. ^ a b c d e Francisco Olmos, José María de Las primeras acuñaciones del príncipe Felipe de España (1554–1556): Soberano de Milán Nápoles e Inglaterra. The First Coins of Prince Felipe of Spain (1554–1556): Sovereign of Milan, Naples and England. pp.165–166 (Spanish)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Rodríguez de Maribona, Manuel Las armas del Príncipe de Asturias – ABC. (Spanish) Accessed 2009-05-28.
  5. ^ Isabel la Católica en la Real Academia de la Historia. Madrid: Real Academia de la Historia. 2004. p. 72.  
  6. ^ Princess of Isabella's coat of arms with crest: García-Menacho Osset, Eduardo (2010). "El origen militar de los símbolos de España. El escudo de España" [Military Origin of Symbols of Spain. The Coat of Arms of Spain]. Revista de Historia Militar (in Spanish) (Instituto de Historia y Cultura Militar) (Extra): P.387.  
  7. ^ .
  8. ^ a b c d Menéndez-Pidal De Navascués, Faustino (2004). El Escudo de España. Madrid: Real Academia Matritense de Heráldica y Genealogía. pp. 191–192.  
  9. ^ Bazhe. Royal Pantheon El Escorial. Event occurs at 8:12publisher=You Tube. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
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