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Colin Clive

Colin Clive
Clive in the play Journey's End (1929)
Born Colin Glenn Clive-Greig
(1900-01-20)20 January 1900
Saint-Malo, Brittany, France
Died 25 June 1937(1937-06-25) (aged 37)
Hollywood, California, U.S.
Cause of death tuberculosis
Years active 1926-1937
Spouse(s) Jeanne de Casalis
(m.1929-1937; his death)
Parent(s) Colin Philip Greig
Caroline Margaret Lugard Clive

Colin Clive (20 January 1900 – 25 June 1937) was an English stage and screen actor best remembered for his portrayal of Dr. Frankenstein in James Whale's two Universal Frankenstein films Frankenstein and Bride of Frankenstein.[1]

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Hollywood 2
  • Personal life 3
  • Death 4
  • Filmography 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Early life

Colin Glenn Clive-Greig was born in Saint-Malo, France, to an English colonel, Colin Philip Greig, and his wife, Caroline Margaret Lugard Clive. He attended Stonyhurst College and subsequently Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, where an injured knee disqualified him from military service and contributed to his becoming a stage actor.

Clive created the role of Steve Baker, the white husband of racially mixed Julie LaVerne, in the first London production of Show Boat; the production featured Cedric Hardwicke and Paul Robeson. Clive first worked with James Whale in the Savoy Theatre production of Journey's End and subsequently joined the British community in Hollywood in the 1930s, repeating his stage role in the 1930 film version of Journey's End, which was directed by Whale.[2]

Hollywood

Clive's first screen role, in Journey's End, was also directed by James Whale. Clive played the tormented alcoholic Captain Stanhope, a character that (much like Clive's other roles) mirrored his personal life. He was an in-demand leading man for a number of major film actresses of the era, including Katharine Hepburn, Bette Davis, Corinne Griffith and Jean Arthur. He starred as Edward Rochester in a 1934 adaptation of Jane Eyre opposite Virginia Bruce. He was a descendant of Clive of India and appeared in a featured role in a film biography of his ancestor in 1935.[1][2]

Personal life

Clive was bisexual.[3][4] He married Jeanne de Casalis in June 1929, though they were later estranged for several years before his death.

Death

Colin Clive suffered from severe chronic alcoholism and died from complications of tuberculosis in 1937 at age 37.[1]

Clive's alcoholism was apparent to his co-stars, as he was often seen napping on set and sometimes was so intoxicated that he had to be held upright for over-the-shoulder shots. Clive was tormented by the medical threat of amputating his long-damaged leg.[5]

Forrest J Ackerman recalled visiting Clive's body in the funeral parlour. "As I recall, he had a dressing gown on and he was calmly lying there. And he looked very much like that scene in Bride". Over 300 mourners turned out. One of the pallbearers was Peter Lorre.[5]

His cenotaph is located at Chapel of the Pines Crematory,[6] but his ashes were scattered at sea in 1978 after they spent over 40 years unclaimed in the basement of the funeral parlour where his body was brought after his death.[7]

Filmography

Notes

  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b Colin Clive at the Internet Movie Database
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^ Blogspot, greenbriarpictureshows.blogspot.co.uk, January 2006; accessed 31 October 2014.

References

  • Curtis, James (1998). James Whale: A New World of Gods and Monsters. Boston, Faber and Faber; ISBN 0-571-19285-8.

External links

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