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College Green

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Title: College Green  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Dame Street, Trinity College, Dublin, Bank of Ireland, Dublin, Irish Houses of Parliament
Collection: Squares in Dublin (City), Streets in Dublin (City)
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College Green

Trinity College faces onto College Green.
Crowds gather on College Green to see U.S. President Barack Obama in 2011.

College Green (Irish: Faiche an Choláiste) is a three-sided plaza in the centre of Dublin. On its northern side is a building known today as the Bank of Ireland which until 1800 was Ireland's Parliament House. To its east stands Trinity College Dublin. To its south stands a series of 19th-century buildings that are mostly banks. Streets leading onto College Green are Dame Street to the west, Grafton Street to the south, and Westmoreland Street to the north. College Green has been used as an assembly point for major political rallies. In the mid-1990s, United States President Bill Clinton addressed a mass crowd, during his Irish visit. President Barack Obama spoke there in a major address during his visit to Ireland in May 2011.[1]

The area was once known as Hoggen Green from the Old Norse word haugr meaning mound, or barrow. The cemetery at College Green consisted of several burial mounds, which are thought to have contained the remains of some of the Norse kings of Dublin.[2] Between Church Lane and Suffolk Street the Norse had their Thing, an assembly and meeting-place, which was still to be seen in the 17th century. All along College Green, called Hoggen Green by the English, lay their barrows.[3] Hoggen gave its name to the convent of St Mary de Hogges, which stood roughly where the Bank of Ireland is now, and was a major landowner in the area until the Reformation.

Two major public monuments stand in College Green:
A 19th-century statue of Henry Grattan, one of the leading members of the old Irish Parliament, stands facing Trinity College.
Further back stands a statue of patriot Thomas Davis. Previously, this was the location of one of Dublin's finest equestrian statues, of King "Billy" (William of Orange) on Horseback, by Grinling Gibbons. It was taken down after it was badly damaged in an explosion in November 1928.

Daly's Club, originally frequented by members of the old Irish Parliament, moved to number 3, College Green, in 1791 and remained there until it closed in the 1820s.[4]

College Green now exists as a street running from the front gates of Trinity College Dublin to pedestrian traffic lights close to The Central Bank in Dame Street at the junction of Trinity Street. The houses are numbered starting with 1 on the north side of the Street at Westmoreland Street and Trinity College and continuing across to the south side and back on the opposite side to Trinity College and the bottom of Grafton Street. Dubliners often incorrectly identify the street as Dame Street because it continues into Dame Street. College Street which runs from Pearse Street and Westmoreland Street passing railings on the Northern side of Trinity College Dublin is often thought to be College Green.

College Green south side from the corner of the Bank of Ireland old building

College Green Bus Corridor

Since July 2009, College Green, during peak times, is accessible to pedestrians, buses, taxis and cyclists.

See also

References

  1. ^ Henry McDonald (23 May 2011). "Barack Obama cuts short Ireland visit after concerns over volcanic ash cloud".  
  2. ^ ("Vikings in Dublin or Dyflin as they called it". Robert O'Connor. Viking Network)Hoggen Green
  3. ^ (A. Walsh, author. Dublin: The Talbot Press Limited. 1922)Scandinavian Relations With Ireland During the Viking Period
  4. ^ T. H. S. Escott, Club Makers and Club Members (1913), pp. 329–333

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