World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Congreso de los Diputados

Article Id: WHEBN0001146953
Reproduction Date:

Title: Congreso de los Diputados  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Parliament, Cortes Generales, List of legislative buildings, Paseo del Prado, Pedro Velarde y Santillán, Basilio Paraíso, Loyola de Palacio, Canal Parlamento
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Congreso de los Diputados

The Congress of Deputies
Congreso de los Diputados
10th Legislature
Type
Type Lower house
Leadership
President (Speaker) Jesús Posada, PP
Since 13 December 2011
Majority Leader and Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, PP
Since 20 December 2011
Minority Leader Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba, PSOE
Since 13 December 2011
Structure
Seats 350
Political groups

Government party

Opposition parties

  •      Socialist (110)
  •      Catalan (CiU, 16)
  •      United Left (11)
  •      UPyD (5)
  •      Basque (PNV, 5)
  •      Others (18)
Elections
Voting system Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Last election 20 November 2011
Meeting place
El Palacio del Congreso de los Diputados
Madrid, Community of Madrid
Kingdom of Spain
Website
www.congreso.es

The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch. It has 350 members, elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation in constituencies matching the Spanish provinces using the D'Hondt method. Deputies serve four-year terms. The President of the Congress of Deputies is the analogue to a Speaker and presides over debates in Spain's lower chamber of parliament.

In the Congress, members of the Parliament from the political parties, or groups of parties, form parliamentary groups. Groups must be formed by, at least, 15 MPs, but a group can also be formed with only five MPs if the parties in it got, at least, 5% of the nationwide vote, or 15% of the votes in the constituencies they run for seats.

The MPs belonging to parties who cannot create their own parliamentary group shall form the Mixed Group.[1] The composition of the 10th term Congress is:[2]

Political party/group Leader Spokesperson Dep.
   Popular Group (People's Party)[3] Mariano Rajoy (PM) Alfonso Alonso 185
   Socialist Group (Spanish Socialist Workers' Party)[4] Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (LO) Soraya Rodríguez 110
   Catalan Group (Convergence and Union) Josep A. Duran i Lleida 16
   Plural Left Group: United Left (8), ICV (2), CHA (1) Cayo Lara 11
   Union, Progress and Democracy Group: Union, Progress and Democracy (5) Rosa Díez 5
   Basque Group (Basque Nationalist Party) Aitor Esteban 5
   Mixed Group, composed by: Amaiur (7), ERC (3), BNG (2), CC (2), Compromís (1), Foro Asturias (1), GBai (1), UPN (1)[5] none Mikel Errekondo (Amaiur)[6] 18
Total 350

Latest elections

Elections to the Congress were held on 20 November 2011.

History

The building, Congreso de los Diputados, has a neoclassical style. It was designed by Narcisco Pascual y Colomer, and built between 1843 and 1850. It sits by the Carrera de San Jerónimo, in Madrid. The relief on the facade by sculptor Ponciano Ponzano centers on a sculpture of Spain embracing the constitutional state, represented by a woman with her arm around a young girl. Surrounding the pair are figures that represent in allegorical form Justice and Peace, Science, Agriculture, Fine Arts, Navigation, Industry, Commerce and so on. Ponzano also executed two bronze lions for the building's access stairway in a more realistic manner.[7]

See also

External links

  • Congreso de los Diputados - official website (Spanish)

References

Coordinates: 40°24′57″N 3°41′48″W / 40.41583°N 3.69667°W / 40.41583; -3.69667

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.