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Connecticut's at-large congressional district

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Connecticut's at-large congressional district

During the first twenty-four Congresses (March 4, 1789 until March 3, 1837) Connecticut elected all its Representatives in Congress from a single multi-member Connecticut at-large congressional district.

From 1789-1793 Connecticut elected 5 at-large representatives.
From 1793-1823 Connecticut elected 7 at-large representatives.
From 1823-1837 Connecticut elected 6 at-large representatives.

From 1903 to 1913 and from 1933 to 1965, Connecticut had a member of the United States House of Representatives who represented the state at-large, in addition to the members who represented distinct districts.

This practice was banned by the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

List of representatives

1789 – 1837: five, then seven, then six seats

All members were elected state-wide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress & Years
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat 6th seat 7th seat
Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history
1 March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Benjamin Huntington
(Pro-Admin)
Elected in 1788
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Roger Sherman
(Pro-Admin)
Elected in 1788
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Jonathan Sturges
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1788 Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1788 Jeremiah Wadsworth
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1788 Seat created in 1793 Seat created in 1793
2 March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
James Hillhouse
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1790 Amasa Learned
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1790 Re-elected in 1790
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Re-elected in 1790 Re-elected in 1790
3 March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Re-elected in 1792 Re-elected in 1792
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Joshua Coit
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1792 Re-elected in 1792
Retired
Re-elected in 1792
Retired when elected to U.S. Senate
Zephariah Swift
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1792 Uriah Tracy
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1792
4 March 4, 1795 –
October 13, 1796
F) Re-elected in 1794
Resigned when elected to U.S. Senate
F) First elected in 1794 F) Re-elected in 1794 F) Elected in 1794 F) Elected in 1794 F) Re-elected in 1794
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
F) Re-elected in 1794
Resigned when elected to U.S. Senate
October 13, 1796 –
December 5, 1796
Vacant
December 5, 1796 –
January 3, 1797
F) First elected to finish term in 1796
January 3, 1797 –
March 3, 1797
F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
5 March 4, 1797 –
August 3, 1797
Also elected to full term in 1796
Died
Re-elected in 1796 Re-elected in 1796
Died
Re-elected in 1796 Elected in 1796
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
August 3, 1797 –
November 13, 1797
Vacant
November 13, 1797 –
September 5, 1798
F) First elected to finish term in 1797
September 5, 1798 –
December 3, 1798
Vacant
December 3, 1798 –
March 3, 1799
F) Resigned
6 March 4, 1799 –
? 1800
Re-elected in 1798
Retired
Re-elected in 1798
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Re-elected in 1798 F) First elected in 1798
Re-elected in 1800, but did not serve
F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
 ? 1800 –
November 17, 1800
Vacant
November 17, 1800 –
March 3, 1801
F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
7 March 4, 1801 –
May 14, 1801
F) First elected in 1800 F) Elected in 1800
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Re-elected in 1800 Vacant
May 14, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
8 March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
Re-elected in 1802 F) Elected in 1802
Retired
Re-elected in 1802
9 March 4, 1805 –
?before September 16, 1805
Re-elected in 1804 F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Re-elected in 1804
Resigned
 ?before September 16, 1805 –
September 16, 1805
Vacant Vacant
September 16, 1805 –
August 1806
F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
August 1806 –
December 1, 1806
Vacant
December 1, 1806 –
March 3, 1807
F) Retired
10 March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
Re-elected in 1806 F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
11 March 4, 1809 –
May 10, 1810
Re-elected in 1808
May 10, 1810 –
October 11, 1810
Vacant
October 11, 1810 –
March 3, 1811
F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
12 March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Re-elected in 1810 F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
13 March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Re-elected in 1812
14 March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Re-elected in 1814
Retired
15 March 4, 1817 –
? 1818
F) Elected in 1816
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
F) Resigned F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
 ? 1818 –
November 16, 1818
Vacant
November 16, 1818 –
March 3, 1819
DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
16 March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
Adams-Clay DR) First elected in 1818 F) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
17 March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Re-elected in 1820 Adams-Clay DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Adams-Clay DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Adams-Clay DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
18 March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Re-elected in 1822 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Adams-Clay DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Adams-Clay DR) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Seat eliminated in 1823
19 March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Anti-J) Re-elected in 1824
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Adams) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Anti-J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Adams) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Anti-J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Adams) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
20 March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Adams) First elected in 1826
Retired
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
21 March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Anti-J) First elected in 1828 Anti-J) Resigned to become judge of the Connecticut Supreme Court of Errors [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Anti-J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Anti-J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
22 March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Re-elected in 1830
23 March 4, 1833 –
May 9, 1834
Re-elected in 1833
Resigned
Anti-J) Resigned to become Governor of Connecticut Anti-J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
May 9, 1834 –
July 8, 1834
Vacant
July 8, 1834 –
August 16, 1834
Vacant
August 16, 1834 –
December 1, 1834
Vacant
December 1, 1834 –
March 3, 1835
Anti-J) Elected to finish term in 1834
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Anti-J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Anti-J) [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
24 March 4, 1835 –
December 10, 1835
rowspan=5 style="background:Template:United States political party color" align=left nowrap | J) First elected in 1835
Redistricted to the 4th district
rowspan=5 style="background:Template:United States political party color" align=left nowrap | J) Redistricted to the 2nd district rowspan=3 style="background:Template:United States political party color" align=left nowrap | J) Resigned to become U.S. District Judge rowspan=5 style="background:Template:United States political party color" align=left nowrap | J) Redistricted to the 5th district rowspan=5 style="background:Template:United States political party color" align=left nowrap | J) Redistricted to the 1st district style="background:Template:United States political party color" align=left nowrap | J) Died
December 10, 1835 –
April 29, 1836
Vacant
April 29, 1836 –
July 4, 1836
rowspan=3 style="background:Template:United States political party color" align=left nowrap | J) Redistricted to the 3rd district
July 4, 1836 –
December 5, 1836
Vacant
December 5, 1836 –
March 3, 1837
style="background:Template:United States political party color" align=left nowrap | J) Redistricted to the 6th district

In 1837, Connecticut abandoned general tickets and adopted districts instead.

1903 – 1913: one seat

In 1903, one at-large seat was created, four district seats continued.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
George L. Lilley Republican March 4, 1903 –
January 5, 1909
Resigned when elected Governor of Connecticut
Vacant January 5, 1909 –
March 4, 1909
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John Q. Tilson
Republican March 4, 1909 –
January 5, 1913
Lost re-election
At-large seat eliminated

1933 – 1965: one seat

In 1933, one at-large seat was created, five district seats continued.
Representative Party Years Electoral history
Charles M. Bakewell Republican March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
Lost re-election
William M. Citron Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1939
Lost re-election
B. J. Monkiewicz Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
Lost re-election
Lucien J. Maciora Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Lost re-election
B. J. Monkiewicz Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Lost re-election
Joseph F. Ryter Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Lost re-election
Antoni N. Sadlak Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1959
Lost re-election
Frank Kowalski Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1963
Retired to run for Governor of Connecticut
Bernard F. Grabowski Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
Redistricted to the 6th district
At-large district eliminated

References

  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
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