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Copernicia prunifera

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Title: Copernicia prunifera  
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Language: English
Subject: Carnauba wax, Wax palm, Canindé River (Piauí), Copernicia alba, Wax
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Copernicia prunifera

Carnauba palm
Carnauba palm
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Copernicia
Binomial name
Copernicia prunifera
(Mill.) H.Moore
  • Arrudaria cerifera (Arruda) Macedo
  • Copernicia cerifera (Arruda) Mart.
  • Corypha cerifera Arruda
  • Palma prunifera Mill.

Copernicia prunifera or the carnauba palm or carnaubeira palm is a species of palm tree native to northeastern Brazil.


  • Taxonomy 1
  • Uses 2
  • Cultivation 3
  • Gallery 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Taxonomically it belongs to the subfamily Coryphoideae, tribe Corypheae, subtribe Livistoninae.


It is the source of carnauba wax, which is harvested from the coating on the leaves of the tree. The fruit and pith are eaten, the leaves are variously employed and the wood is used in building.


It withstands drought excellently. A slight saline composition in the soil produces the best trees.



  1. ^ (Mill.) H.E.Moore"Copernicia prunifera".  


  •  Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Carnauba".  

External links

  • Plants that changed history.

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