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County councils of Sweden

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Title: County councils of Sweden  
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Subject: Scania, Elections in Sweden, Government of Sweden, Swedish general election, 2006, County Councils of Sweden
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County councils of Sweden

A county council (Swedish: landsting) is a self-governing local authority and one of the principal administrative subdivisions of Sweden. There are 20 county councils, each corresponding to a county. County councils are governed by a county council assembly (landstingsfullmäktige) that is elected by the county electorate every four years in conjunction with the general elections. The most important responsibilities of county councils are the public health care system and public transportation.

Within the same geographical borders as the county councils, there are county administrative boards, an administrative entity appointed by the government. Landsting, the Swedish term for the county councils as that of the former supreme tings of the historical provinces of Sweden. As of 2010, the different county council assemblies had a combined total of 1,662 seats.[1]

Constitutionally, the county councils exercise a degree of municipal self-government provided by the Constitution of Sweden. This does not constitute any degree of federalism, which is consistent with Sweden's status as a unitary state.

Within the geographic boundaries of the county there are also several smaller municipalities and administration that exercise local self-government independent of the county councils. These can also be referred to as "primary municipalities" or primärkommuner, while the larger county councils are sekundärkommuner, "secondary municipalities". The island of Gotland is an exception, due to its geographical boundaries, as Gotland Municipality also has the responsibilities of a county council.

Historically, Stockholm was separate from counties and was not under the jurisdiction of the Stockholm County Council until 1967, and some other large cities were in counties but outside county councils. The cities handled the responsibilities. The two last such cities were Malmö and Göteborg until 1998. Gotland still is without county council.

  County County Council Landsting
1. Blekinge Blekinge County Council Landstinget Blekinge
2. Dalarna Dalarna County Council Landstinget Dalarna
3. Gävleborg Gävleborg County Council Landstinget Gävleborg
4. Halland Halland County Council Landstinget Halland
5. Jämtland Jämtland County Council Jämtlands läns landsting
6. Jönköping Jönköping County Council Landstinget i Jönköpings län
7. Kalmar Kalmar County Council Landstinget i Kalmar län
8. Kronoberg Kronoberg County Council Landstinget Kronoberg
9. Norrbotten Norrbotten County Council Norrbottens läns landsting
10. Skåne Skåne Regional Council Region Skåne
11. Stockholm Stockholm County Council Stockholms läns landsting
12. Södermanland Södermanland County Council Landstinget Sörmland
13. Uppsala Uppsala County Council Landstinget i Uppsala län
14. Värmland Värmland County Council Landstinget i Värmland
15. Västerbotten Västerbotten County Council Västerbottens läns landsting
16. Västernorrland Västernorrland County Council Landstinget Västernorrland
17. Västmanland Västmanland County Council Landstinget Västmanland
18. Västra Götaland Västra Götaland Regional Council Västra Götalandsregionen
19. Örebro Örebro County Council Örebro läns landsting
20. Östergötland Östergötland County Council Landstinget i Östergötland

References

  1. ^ "Val till landstingsfullmäktige_Valda, Mandatfördelning per landsting". Val.se. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2010-10-31. 

See also

External links

  • Municipalities, county councils and regions
  • Official translation of the Local Government Act *About Stockholm County Council
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