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Crewe, Virginia

 

Crewe, Virginia

Crewe, Virginia
Town
Street scene in Crewe, April, 2015
Street scene in Crewe, April, 2015
Official seal of Crewe, Virginia
Seal
Location of Crewe, Virginia
Location of Crewe, Virginia
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Virginia
County Nottoway
Government
 • Type Local
 • Mayor Sally Wilkerson
 • Town Manager Wade Walker
 • Police Chief Arthur Booth
Area
 • Total 2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
 • Land 2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 531 ft (162 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,326
 • Density 1,171.6/sq mi (452.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 23930
Area code(s) 434
FIPS code 51-20160[1]
GNIS feature ID 1492824[2]
Website Official website

Crewe is a town in Nottoway County, Virginia, United States. The population was 2,326 at the 2010 census.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Economy 2
  • Geography 3
  • Demographics 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Crewe was founded in 1888 as a central location to house steam locomotive repair shops for the Norfolk & Western Railroad (now called Norfolk Southern) which has a rail yard there for east-west trains carrying Appalachian coal to Hampton Roads for export abroad, and the street pattern was laid out at that time. It was named for the large railroad town of Crewe, England.

The railroad repair facility's importance diminished sharply in the 1950s, as the switch to diesel-electric locomotives required less labor and equipment. Crewe has a small railroad museum. Lottie Moon, a noted Baptist missionary to China, is buried in the town cemetery. A chicken festival is held annually on the third Wednesday in June.

The Battle of Sayler's Creek, the last major American Civil War engagement before the Army of Northern Virginia's surrender at Appomattox Court House, occurred nearby. The Southside Electric Cooperative and the Piedmont Geriatric Hospital are in the vicinity as well.

Millbrook and Mountain Hall are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3] Screenwriter and short story writer Robert Buckner was born in the town.

Economy

In recent years retail business in Crewe has declined. This decline is often attributed to the presence of big-box chain stores in nearby Blackstone and Farmville, Virginia. The Star Value grocery store in Crewe closed its doors in 2005, but later on a Dollar General was opened. In November, 2005, the Virginia Department of Rail and Public transportation provided an emergency funding for a bus route between Crewe and Blackstone in order to provide access to the Walmart, Food Lion, and other shops in Blackstone to those without other means of transportation.

Geography

Crewe is located at (37.179316, -78.127549).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.3 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,378 people, 971 households, and 645 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,171.6 people per square mile (452.3/km²). There were 1,074 housing units at an average density of 529.1 per square mile (204.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 77.04% White, 21.15% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

There were 971 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $33,828, and the median income for a family was $40,625. Males had a median income of $35,350 versus $20,819 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,826. About 14.6% of families and 16.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

The town has its own police department and a combination career/volunteer fire service. The town is also served by the Nottoway County Sheriff's Office.

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links

  • The Crewe Railroad Museum
  • The Crewe-Burkeville Chamber of Commerce
  • Southside Electric Cooperative
  • Town of Crewe
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