World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Croatian National Bank

Croatian National Bank
Hrvatska narodna banka
Headquarters Trg hrvatskih velikana 3
Established 21 December 1990
Governor Boris Vujčić, IPA: 
Central bank of Croatia
Currency Croatian kuna
HRK (ISO 4217)
Reserves 11,420 billion € [1] December 2011
Website .hr.hnbwww

The Croatian National Bank (Croatian: Hrvatska narodna banka or HNB; pronounced ) is the central bank of the Republic of Croatia.

HNB was established by the Constitution of Croatia which was passed by the Croatian Parliament on 21 December 1990. Its main responsibilities are maintaining the stability of the national currency, the kuna, and ensuring general financial liquidity within the country. HNB also issues banknotes and holds the national monetary reserves. In performing its duties HNB acts as an independent institution responsible to the Parliament. The bank has a share capital of 2,500,000,000 Croatian kunas (c. US$ 450 million).[1] HNB acts in accordance with Law on Croatian National Bank.


  • Foundation 1
  • Functions of the Bank 2
    • Monetary stability 2.1
    • Financial stability 2.2
  • Governors 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Palace of the Croatian National Bank in Zagreb

On 21 December 1990 the Constitution of Croatia, determined in article 53,[2] named the Croatian National Bank as Croatia's central bank, and declared its responsibilities: "Croatian National Bank is central bank of Republic of Croatia. Croatian National Bank is responsible, within its rights and duties, for stability of the currency and for liquidity of payments in state and abroad. Croatian National Bank is independent in its activity and responsible to Croatian Sabor. Profits made by Croatian National Bank belong to Croatian state budget. Position of Croatian National Bank is made by law." By amendments of Constitution of Croatia in 1997, Bank's earlier name National Bank of Croatia (Croatian: Narodna banka Hrvatske) was changed to Croatian National Bank (Croatian: Hrvatska narodna banka).

Functions of the Bank

The Bank performs all the functions of a central bank. The most important of these is supposed to be maintaining price stability and supporting the economic policies of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, thus promoting economic growth. HNB is not allowed to grant any loans to the Croatian Government.

Main goals of Croatian National Bank are:[3]

  • Identification and implementation of monetary and exchange rate policies
  • Managing international reserves
  • Issuance of banknotes and coins
  • Overseeing the establishment, operation and termination of banks
  • Regulation, improvement and control of payments
  • Perform other tasks specified by law

Monetary stability

Stable prices is the main criteria for monetary stability. Stable prices are maintained by making sure price increases meet the Government's inflation target.[4]

Financial stability

Maintaining financial stability involves protecting against threats to the whole financial system. Threats are detected by the Bank's surveillance and market intelligence functions. The threats are then dealt with through financial and other operations. The Bank works together with other institutions to secure both monetary and financial stability.[4]


See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Sabor Republike Hrvatske. Ustav Republike Hrvatske. Narodne novine. Retrieved 2011-08-29 (Croatian)
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b

External links

  • Official website (Croatian)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.