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Croatian cuisine

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Title: Croatian cuisine  
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Croatian cuisine

Croatian cuisine is heterogeneous and is known as a cuisine of the regions, since every region of Croatia has its own distinct culinary tradition. Its roots date back to ancient times. The differences in the selection of foodstuffs and forms of cooking are most notable between those in mainland and those in coastal regions. Mainland cuisine is more characterized by the earlier Slavic and the more recent contacts with neighboring cultures - Hungarian, Austrian and Turkish, using lard for cooking, and spices such as black pepper, paprika, and garlic. The coastal region bears the influences of the Greek, Roman and Illyrian, as well as of the later Mediterranean cuisine - Italian (especially Venetian) and French, using olive oil, and herbs and spices such as rosemary, sage, bay leaf, oregano, marjoram, cinnamon, clove, nutmeg, lemon and orange rind. Peasant cooking traditions are based on imaginative variations of several basic ingredients (cereals, dairy products, meat, fish, vegetables) and cooking procedures (stewing, grilling, roasting, baking), while bourgeois cuisine involves more complicated procedures and use of selected herbs and spices. Charcuterie is part of Croatian tradition in all regions. Food and recipes from other former Yugoslav countries are also popular in Croatia.

Croatian cuisine can be divided into a few regional cuisines (Istria, Dalmatia, Dubrovnik, Lika, Gorski Kotar, Zagorje, Međimurje, Podravina, Slavonija) which all have their specific cooking traditions, characteristic for the area and not necessarily well known in other parts of Croatia. Most dishes, however, can be found all across the country, with local variants.

Contents

  • Meat and game 1
  • Seafood 2
  • Stews 3
  • Pasta 4
  • Soups 5
  • Side dishes 6
  • Other 7
  • Sausages and ham 8
  • Cheese (sir) 9
  • Savoury pies 10
  • Pastry 11
  • Sweets and desserts 12
  • Cakes (kolači) 13
  • Drinks 14
    • Wines 14.1
    • Dessert wines 14.2
    • White wines 14.3
    • Red wines 14.4
    • Beers (pivo) 14.5
    • Liqueurs and spirits 14.6
    • Coffee 14.7
    • Mineral water 14.8
    • Juices and syrups 14.9
  • See also 15
  • References 16
  • Further reading 17
  • External links 18

Meat and game

  • Specialities from the grill are called s roštilja, those roasted on the spit s ražnja
  • pečeno means roasted
  • prženo means fried
  • pod pekom means that the dish has been put into a stone oven under a metal cover. The cook puts hot coals on the cover so that the meal is cooked slowly in its own juices. Specialties cooked pod pekom include lamb, veal, and octopus.
Meso z tiblice - pork from "tiblitsa" wooden barrel from Međimurje County, northern Croatia

Croatian meat-based dishes include:

Seafood

Lobster from Dalmatia

Croatian seafood dishes include:

  • Clams
  • Sea spider salad
  • Breaded catfish or carp
  • Grilled sardines or other fish (na gradele)
  • Buzara or Buzzara (shellfish sautéed in garlic, olive oil, parsley & white wine)
  • Date shells or prstaci are part of the traditional cuisine, but in the 20th century their extraction was banned as a measure of ecological protection

Stews

Goulash is very popular in most parts of Croatia

Pasta

Pasta is one of the most popular food items in Croatian cuisine, especially in the region of Dalmatia. The so-called manistra na pome = pasta with tomato sauce is a staple. The other popular sauces include creamy mushroom sauce, minced meat sauce and many others. Also, potato dough is popular, not only for making njoki (gnocchi), but also for making plum or cheese dumplings which are boiled, and then fried in breadcrumbs and butter.

  • štrukli - baked or cooked filled pastry from Zagorje, Zagreb area.
  • Krpice sa zeljem - pasta with stewed cabbage
  • Šporki makaruli - traditional pasta with cinnamon flavored meat sauce, from Dubrovnik and surrounding area

Soups

Soup is an integral part of a meal in Croatia and no Sunday family meal or any special occasion will go without it. The most popular soups are broth based, with added pasta or semolina dumplings. They are usually light in order to leave space for the main course and dessert to follow. However, cream or roux based soups are also popular, and there are many local variations of traditional soups. In Dalmatia, one of the most loved ones is the fish soup with fish chunks, carrots and rice.

Side dishes

Other

White Truffles from Istria
Croatian style Punjena Paprika/stuffed peppers
Cheese škripavac

Sausages and ham

Cheese (sir)

Pogača bread

Savoury pies

Viška pogača is a salted sardine filled foccacia from the island of Vis. Soparnik is a Dalmatian chard filled pie.

Pastry

Savijača or Štrudla with apple
Orehnjača variation of Nut Roll
Crêpes, in Croatia also known as Palačinke
  • Bučnica (summer squash and cottage cheese pie)
  • Štrukli (cottage cheese, sour cream and eggs)

Sweets and desserts

Cakes (kolači)

Drinks

Wines

Croatia has two main wine regions: Continental (Kontinetalna) and Coastal (Primorska), which includes the islands. Each of the main regions is divided into sub-regions which are divided yet further into smaller vinogorje, (literally wine hills) and districts. Altogether, there are more than 300 geographically-defined wine-producing areas in Croatia. In parts of Croatia, wine, either red or white, is sometimes consumed mixed in approximately equal proportions with water.

Dessert wines

White wines

  • Rajnski Rizling
  • Zlahtina

Red wines

Beers (pivo)

Velebitsko pivo, beer from Croatia

Apart from the great abundance of imported international beers (Gösser, Stella Artois, etc.), there are some home-brewed beers in Croatia. Also, a brewery based in Split produces Bavarian Kaltenberg beer by licence of the original brewery in Germany.

Liqueurs and spirits

A bottle of Maraschino liqueur.

Coffee

Croatia is a country of coffee drinkers (on average 5kg per person annually), not only because it was formerly part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, but also because it bordered the former Ottoman Empire. Traditional coffee houses similar to those in Vienna are located throughout Croatia.

Mineral water

Regarding its water resources, Croatia has a leading position in Europe. Concerning water quality, Croatian water is greatly appreciated all over the world. Due to a lack of established industries there have also been no major incidents of water pollution.

Juices and syrups

  • Dona
  • Vindija juices – Vindi sokovi
  • Cedevita - sherbet [3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Maraska". Maraska.hr. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  2. ^ "Badel 1862". Badel1862.hr. 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  3. ^ http://www.cedevita.hr/hr/naslovna.php

Further reading

  • "Hrvatska za stolom - mirisi i okusi Hrvatske", Ivanka Biluš et al., Zagreb:Alfa, Koprivnica: Podravka, 1996, 192 p., illustrated in color, (Biblioteka Anima Croatarum, 2) ISBN 953-168-104-X
  • "Hrvatska vina" (Croatian wines), Fazinić Nevenko, Milat Vinko, illustrated, 159 p., 1994, ISBN 953-173-061-X
  • "Nova hrvatska kuhinja" (New Croatian cuisine), Davor Butković, Ana Ugarković, Profil international, Zagreb, 2005, 272 p., ISBN 953-12-0164-1
  • Callec, Christian (2003), written at The Netherlands, Wine: A Comprehensive Look at the World's Best Wine, New York: Random House (published 2002), .  

External links

  • CroatianFood - iOS & Android mobile application
  • Croatian Food blog - Blog about Croatian cuisine
  • Taste Of Croatia
  • Dalmatian Cooking
  • Manjada - Istrian Food and Wine
  • Croatian cuisine
  • Croatian Wine Roads
  • Hrvatska kuhinja (Croatian)
  • Croatian food store
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