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Culture of German-speaking Europe

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Culture of German-speaking Europe


The German language is spoken in a number of countries and territories in Europe. The language is used both as an official language and as a minority language in various European countries. To cover this speech area, they are often referred to as the German speaking countries, the German speaking area (Deutscher Sprachraum), or equivalently German-speaking Europe (the few overseas territories which speak German are not commonly included in the concept).

German is the main language of approximately 95 to 100 million people in Europe, or 13.3% of all Europeans, being the second most spoken native language in Europe after Russian (with 144 million speakers), above French (with 66.5 million) and English (with 64.2 million).

The European countries with German-speaking majorities are Germany (95%, 78.3 million), Austria (89%, 7.4 million) and Switzerland (65%, 4.6 million), also known as "D-A-CH" countries. Other European countries with a German-speaking majority include Luxembourg (0.48 million) and Liechtenstein (0.03 million).

D-A-CH


D-A-CH or DACH is an acronym used to represent the dominant states of the German language Sprachraum. It is based on the international vehicle registration codes for:

  • Germany (D for Deutschland)
  • Austria (A for Austria, in German "Österreich")
  • Switzerland (CH for Confoederatio Helvetica, in German "(die) Schweiz")

"Dach" is also the German word for "roof", and is used in linguistics in the term Dachsprache, which standard German arguably is in relation to some outlying dialects of German, especially in Switzerland and Austria.

The term is sometimes extended to D-A-CH-Li, DACHL or DACH+ to include Liechtenstein. Another version is DACHS (with Dachs meaning "Badger" in German) with the inclusion of the German-speaking region of South Tyrol in Italy.[1]

DACH is also the name of an Interreg IIIA project, which focuses on crossborder cooperation in planning.[2]

Official status

Main article: List of countries where German is an official language
Official language Majority language Partially official
Germany
Austria
Switzerland
Liechtenstein
Belgium
Luxembourg
Switzerland (besides French, Italian and Rumantsch)
Luxembourg (besides French and Luxembourgish)
Denmark - recognized minority language in the former South Jutland County
South Tyrol in Italy
Poland - a minority language in the Upper Silesia
Czech Republic (communally)
Hungary (Danube Swabians)
Romania (Transylvania and Banat Swabians)
Slovakia (communally)

German speaking minorities without official status

Owing to tourism and second-home colonies some areas around the Mediterranean Sea (like the Balearic Islands) have small German-speaking communities.

See also

References

External links

  • http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/dach/ - DACH Blog: Blog about the British Library's German collection, and German culture, politics and literature.
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