World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cuyamaca Peak

Article Id: WHEBN0010080533
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cuyamaca Peak  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Southern Border Region (California), San Diego County, California, Cuyamaca Mountains, Cupressus stephensonii, Inaja Band of Diegueno Mission Indians
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Cuyamaca Peak

Cuyamaca Peak
On the Cuyamaca summit looking east
Elevation 6,515 ft (1,986 m) NAVD 88[1]
Prominence 2,855 ft (870 m)[1]
Listing Hundred Peaks Section[2]
Location San Diego County, California, U.S.
Range Cuyamaca Mountains
Coordinates [3]
Topo map USGS Cuyamaca Peak
Easiest route Hike, class 1[2]

Cuyamaca Peak is a mountain peak of the Cuyamaca Mountains range, in San Diego County, southern California.


At 6,512 feet (1,985 m), its summit is the second highest point in San Diego County (after Hot Springs Mountain.)

Cuyamaca Peak is located roughly 40 miles (64 km) from the Pacific Ocean, within Cuyamaca Rancho State Park. It is east of the city of San Diego and southwest of Julian.

A popular 3.5-mile (5.6 km) year round hike to the summit of Cuyamaca leads from the Paso Picacho Campground, starting at about 5,000 feet (1,500 m).


Snows in winter are common above 5,000 feet (1,500 m) and surrounding regions in Cuyamaca Rancho State Park. During summer, Bracken Ferns, a variety of wildflowers and native bunchgrasses dominate mountain meadows and the forest floor. Prior to the Cedar Fire, Black oaks once lit up the mountain

Cedar Fire

In October 2003, the Cedar Fire, the largest fire in recorded California history, burned the once abundant White Fir (Abies concolor), Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens), Jeffrey Pine, Coulter Pine, Sugar Pine, and Black oak (Quercus kelloggii) that once lined the mountain.

Small seedlings of new White fir, Sugar Pine, Coulter Pine, Jeffrey Pine, and Incense Cedar were seen within a year of the Cedar Fire, and were thriving as saplings by 2007, an example of fire ecology.


The significant elevation of Cuyamaca relative to its surrounding landscape catches Pacific moisture easily, forming clouds which are forced to release their moisture in order to pass East, resulting in average annual precipitation between 20 and 32 inches. Fall and Winter storms account for 70%, summer thunderstorms largely accounting for the balance. During the winter snow may fall and hoar frost is common upon the highest elevations.


View of the Coronado Islands from the peak.

On clear days visibility from the summit of Cuyamaca Peak can range from 60–100 miles (97–161 km) in nearly every direction.

To the west, the Pacific Ocean, the Coronado Islands of Mexico, the coast line of San Diego County, Viejas Mountain, and El Cajon Mountain can be seen.

Looking north, one can see 6,140-foot (1,870 m) Palomar Mountain among the ridge of Palomar Mountains. On very clear days 8,716-foot (2,657 m) Toro Peak in the Santa Rosas and the San Jacintos are visible. Closer yet is Volcan Mountain slightly to the northeast, the former gold rush town of Julian lying in front. Directly north are the closest summits, Middle and North Peaks.

Directly east is the Anza Borrego Desert and the Laguna Mountains, including Whale Peak. Far beyond is the Salton Sea. To the south are Lyons Peak and Lawson Peak; further yet and to the southeast are Mexican border mountains such as Table Top Mountain and the Sierra Juarez.

See also



  1. ^ a b "Cuyamaca Peak, California". Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  2. ^ a b "Cuyamaca Peak". Hundred Peaks Section, Angeles Chapter,  
  3. ^ "Cuyamaca Peak".  

External links

  • "Cuyamaca Rancho State Park". California State Parks. Retrieved 2011-05-08. 
  • "Cuyamaca Peak". Retrieved 2011-05-07.
  • "Cuyamaca Webcam". CreekBed Websites. Retrieved 2011-05-08. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.