World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cyrillization of Korean

Article Id: WHEBN0006865166
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cyrillization of Korean  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cyrillization, Linguistic purism in the Korean language, History of the Korean language, Cyrillization of Greek, Cyrillization of Japanese
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cyrillization of Korean


The Kontsevich system (Russian: Система Концевича/Sistema Kontsevicha) for the Cyrillization of the Korean language was created by the Russian scholar Lev Kontsevitch (Russian: Лев Концевич) on the basis of the earlier system designed by Aleksandr Holodovich (Russian: Александр Холодович). It is currently the main system of transcribing Korean words into the Russian language.

Contents

  • Introduction 1
  • Consonants 2
    • Initial 2.1
    • Final 2.2
    • Medial consonant rules 2.3
  • Vowels 3
  • Examples 4
  • Notes 5
  • See also 6
  • External links 7

Introduction

Cyrillization systems for Korean were developed domestically in both North and South Korea; Kontsevich carried out work on the systemisation of these rules. In contrast with some systems of romanization of Korean, the transcription is based primarily on the pronunciation of a word, rather than on its spelling.

Consonants

Initial

Hangul
Cyrillic к н т р м п с ч чх кх тх пх х кк тт пп сс чч -
McCune–Reischauer k n t r m p s ch ch' k' t' p' h kk tt pp ss tch -
Revised Romanization g n d r m b s j ch k t p h kk tt pp ss jj -

Final

Hangul
Cyrillic к н т ль м п т т т к т п т к - - т - нъ
McCune–Reischauer k n t l m p t t t k t p t k - - t - ng
Revised Romanization k n t l m p t t t k t p t k - - t - ng

Medial consonant rules

Some letters are transcribed differently in the middle of a word when following certain other letters.
Next initial→
Previous ending↓
к н т р м п с ч чх кх тх пх х -
к кк нн кт нн нм кп кс кч кчх ккх ктх кпх кх г
н нг нн нд лл нм нб нс ндж нчх нкх нтх нпх нх н
ль льг лл льтт лл льм льб льсс льчч льчх лькх льтх льпх рх р
м мг мн мд мн мм мб мс мдж мчх мкх мтх мпх мх м
п пк мн пт мн мм пп пс пч пчх пкх птх ппх пх б
нъ нг нн нд нн нм нб нс ндж нчх нкх нтх нпх нх нъ

Vowels

Hangul
Cyrillic а я о ё о ё у ю ы и э йя е йе/-е ве ви ый/-и ва во вэ ве
McCune–Reischauer a ya ŏ o yo u yu ŭ i ae yae e/-ë ye oe wi ŭi wa wae we
Revised Romanization a ya eo yeo o yo u yu eu i ae yae e ye oe wi ui wa wo wae we

Examples

English Hangul (Hanja) RR
(RR transliteration in parentheses)
Kontsevich
(Latin transliteration in parentheses)
“wall” 벽(壁) byeok
(byeog)
пёк
(pyok)
“on the wall” 벽에 byeoge
(byeog-e)
пёге
(pyoge)
“outside”
(uninflected)
bak
(bakk)
пак
(pak)
“outside” 밖에 bakke
(bakk-e)
пакке
(pakke)
“kitchen” 부엌 bueok
(bueok)
пуок
(puok)
“to the kitchen” 부엌에 bueoke
(bueok-e)
пуокхе
(puokhe)
WorldHeritage 위키백과(百科) wikibaekgwa
(wikibaeggwa)
викхибэкква
(vikhibekkva)
Hangul 한글 hangeul or han-geul
(han-geul)
хангыль
(hangyl')
Hanja 한자 (漢字) hanja
(han-ja)
ханчча
(hanchcha)
character, letter 글자( - 字) geulja
(geul-ja)
кыльчча
(kyl'chcha)
“(an) easy” (+ noun) 쉬운… swiun…
(swiun…)
свиун…
(sviun…)
“Four seasons are distinct.” 사계절(四季節)이 뚜렷하다. Sagyejeori tturyeotada.
(Sa-gye-jeol-i ttu-lyeoshada.)
Сагеджори ттурётхада.
(Sagedzhori tturyothada)
“Just check the line colour and width you want.” 원(願)하시는 선(線) 색(色)깔과 굵기에 체크하시면 됩니다. Wonhasineun seon saekkkalgwa gukgie chekeuhasimyeon doemnida.
(Won-ha-si-neun seon saegkkal-gwa gulg-gie che-keu-ha-si-myeon doebni-da.)
Вонхасинын сон сэкккальгва куккие чхекхыхасимён твемнида.
(Vonhasinyn son se`kkal'gva kukkie chhekhyhasimyon tvemnida.)

Notes

Personal names are written by family name first, followed by a space and then the given name. As a rule, syllables in given names are not separated.

See also

External links

  • (Russian) Degrees of Courtesy and Communication Styles in the Korean Language, by K. B. Kurotchenkо.
  • (Russian) Entry for Lev Kontsevich on the Institute of Oriental Studies.
  • (Russian) Russian and Latin Transcription of Korean Words, by Lev Kontsevich.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.